Questions tagged [gerund-phrases]

A ɢᴇʀᴜɴᴅ-ᴘʜʀᴀꜱᴇ is a non-finite verb clause headed by an -ɪɴɢ verb when that entire clause is being used as a substantive, typically by being the grammatical subject or object. Though one of the 4 possible types of ɴᴏᴜɴ ᴘʜʀᴀꜱᴇꜱ, its ɢᴇʀᴜɴᴅ syntactic head is still a verb, not a noun.

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Noun + Gerund Structure Differences [closed]

Just need your insights on the sentences that really boggle my mind. The first sentence below is an excerpt taken from the following article: The effect of smoking on bone healing It is difficult to ...
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What's correct: "I saw him eating" or "I saw his eating"? [duplicate]

I was always taught that if you can replace a participle with a pronoun, then you should use the possessive case. So instead of "I saw him eating", because I can substitute "it" ...
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2 answers
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One subject, compound object phrases - comma or no comma?

My question is about how to punctuate sentences like the following: The system allows searching for variables using their long name and cryptic variable names and filtering the data sets based on a ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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are there other phrases set up like "end up ____-ing (gerund)" if so, what are they called?

I'm watching a documentary and this was said: "We believe they did intentional things that kept Gabriel in harm's way, and ultimately ended up in him dying" The "him dying" part ...
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3 answers
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Is "calling" a gerund in "calling bell"? [closed]

In the phrase "calling bell", the word "calling" acts as what? Is it a gerund? Or is it an adjective? If so then what kind of adjective? Similar phrases might be "revolving ...
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Is it ok to make an independent clause into a dependent one with a gerund verb?

I see this particular sentence structure all the time when reading fiction, and it bothers me. I most often see it in between dialogue tags. She whispered, her hair blowing in the wind. It’s always ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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Why is there no article before "key" in "key amongst them being ..."?

Why is there no article before key in the sentence? There are however pressing challenges for both systems, key amongst them being the need for better IT skills on the part of students and teachers. ...
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Gerund after "to". Sentence: We use music to helping us relax

I found this question in a test: "We use music to helping us relax." Where helping was the correct answer option. I want to know why is this form of the verb correct and not the infinitive ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Should this verb be in the third-person singular form, the infinitive form, or the present participle form? [duplicate]

Watching a game review, I've noticed a phrase whose meaning confused me. The reason why I got confused is that the author used a base form of the verb "to explore" in pair with the singular ...
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Verb + Subject + present participle or Verb + possessive + present participle?

I and my friend were discussing about which of the followings being correct. "I can't imagine you using a dictionary" "I can't imagine your using a dictionary" I think that the ...
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“As if” is followed by a gerund?

Here is the first definition of prolepsis by Merriam-Webster: the representation or assumption of a future act or development as if presently existing or accomplished* My questions: 1. Is existing ...
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I was happy playing the piano (gerund or participle?)

In the sentence, “I was happy playing the piano,” is the phrase “playing the piano” a participial (Playing the piano, I was happy) or a gerund with an elided, or assumed, preposition (I was happy [...
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Can "english learning" be paraphrased with "of" preposition? [duplicate]

1?) Scheduled session of learning of English. 2?) Scheduled session of learning English. I guess I understand that in sentences it would be "learning English", because there are subjects, but how ...
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Can the gerund clause take a personal pronoun as its subject in “It’s no use (his?) crying over lost love”?

From a gram­mar book, I’ve have learned that a gerund clause can be op­tion­ally pre­ceded by a per­sonal pro­noun to show the log­i­cal sub­ject of the verb; that is, who­ever is do­ing the gerund’s ...
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1 answer
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Plural forms of gerunds [duplicate]

In this sentence, the noun savings is in plural form: I have one savings account. It is like a gerund or maybe it is a gerund, I am not clear about it. But when I searched the Internet, I found ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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subordinate clause [duplicate]

I'm looking for a grammatical explanation for this clause Men tend to talk about fewer subjects, the most popular being work, and sport. In other words, we could say "..., among which, work and ...
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1 vote
3 answers
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See this sentence "This is my last night working here"! What grammar structure is it? Reduced Relative Clause?

We often reduce relative clauses when the relative pronoun is the subject of relative clause. The professor who is teaching mathematics will leave the university. Reduced: The professor teaching ...
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Preposition followed by participial phrase

For example, After brushing my teeth, I go to bed Is this a participial phrase, or a prepositional phrase, or both? Brushing my teeth... Is participial, but the after is making me think that ...
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"Dave saying that really pissed me off" 2 subjects? [duplicate]

So I was teaching and came up with a sentence like this. I'm British and it seems like something I could imagine saying but the grammar seems weird and the students didn't like. I'm NOT TALKING ...
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3 votes
1 answer
491 views

When do present participles shift from being "gerunds" or "verbal nouns" to become non-finite clauses?

Note: This is not a question about what is the difference between a gerund, verb and participle, interesting as that polemic may be. It is about non-finite clauses, which does bear upon these ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
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being usages dilemma

I've read in BBC that we use use "being" as a verb-ing. BBC has listed two kinds of usage; what I want to learn about here is the "preposition + verb-ing" usage. It has been said that "being + past ...
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ensure or ensuring [duplicate]

This sentence extracted from a book. I wonder whether 'ensure' has been used correctly here? Or as I guess it should be either 'ensuring' or 'to ensure'? What promises do is ensure that callbacks ...
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Placement of adverb with gerund-participle that is the object of a preposition

I have a rather fussy grammar question, and I'm having a hard time finding out whether there even is a rule that applies here. Even describing the structure correctly is a bit of a challenge. The ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Can a plural noun be followed by “due to it”? [closed]

Is it correct to say, for example “You would put your health at risk by smoking cigarettes, due to it containing toxic chemicals.”
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1 answer
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The gerund and its complementation

In what cases does the gerund stemming from a transitive verb take the direct object of that verb and when is a prepositional complement used? For example: Brown's deft painting of his daughter is ...
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How can "of me doing something" be grammatically correct? What grammar rule is this? [duplicate]

The first book on my list has actually been recommended to me like multiple times over the years of me doing BookTube. I found that sentence in my English book, and the last part where it reads of ...
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At one time operating vs At one time it operated

Since "at one time" is a time indicator, shouldn't the gerund "operating" be equivalent, while giving a better flow joining sentences? Or is it more confusing/improper? Preceding text of the same ...
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1 answer
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"With my/their/our V-ing..." as supplement to main clause

Here are some news article examples containing 'with my/their etc. being...' as supplement to a main clause: (1) Since the opposing counsel would be the U.S. Department of Justice, and with my being ...
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"I found it a strain having to concentrate for so long." Why does this sentence use 'having'?

I read below sentence. I found it a strain having to concentrate for so long. I guess this sentence means 'I got pressure that I can't give all my attention for long hours'. My question is why ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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For the linguists among us: I like loud singing vs I like singing loudly

Can you explain why using "loud" as either an adjective or an adverb changes the meaning of the sentence. Is it just an English convention, or is there something deeper going on? I like loud singing =...
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2 answers
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Does a ver­bal noun turn back into a verb when mod­ified by an ad­verb? [duplicate]

Here singing is a noun: I like singing. But what about here? I like singing loudly. Loudly is still an ad­verb, right? But singing is still be­hav­ing like a noun, right? So which is it, a noun ...
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2 votes
3 answers
227 views

possessive + gerund without pronoun

I think I understand the possessive + gerund construct but in some cases I'm still finding it difficult to get it sound right in my head. I think this mostly has to do with the subject's being a noun/...
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How is "swimming" being used grammatically in "I saw them swimming in the lake"?

Consider this sentence: I saw them swimming in the lake. How is "swimming" used in the sentence? Is it a gerund or verb or anything else and how is it connected to the sentence? I am mostly aware ...
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3 votes
5 answers
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What’s the un­der­ly­ing gram­mar be­hind start­ing off a ɢᴇʀᴜɴᴅ clause with an ᴏʙ­ᴊᴇᴄᴛ pro­noun?

Yes­ter­day I en­coun­tered this sen­tence (I’ll re­fer to the num­bered words in my ques­tion be­low): This is be­cause many stu­dents think that all of their sen­tences need to be ‘com­plex’ (...
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1 vote
2 answers
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(Noun) being (noun) verb ... AND With (noun) being (noun), ...?

First time poster here. Please forgive me for violating any rules if I have. I might also be asking a stupid question. So... I have heard 'being' used in different situations and naturely pick up ...
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4 votes
2 answers
836 views

Which are right choices in: “Can you imagine him/his forgetting his own birthday?”

Which one of the following is correct? Can you imagine his forgetting his own birthday? Can you imagine him forgetting his own birthday? The question was asked in SNAP 2009 and I can't understand ...
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3 votes
2 answers
138 views

When and why can you omit “when” (or other conjunctions or prepositions) before a gerund clause that’s used adverbially?

I had a bad experience working there. Is that sentence correct, or must I write: I had a bad experience when working there. I had a bad experience while working there. or even: ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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English Poetry Question [closed]

Is talking a gerund in this sentence? We hear people talking of your son’s birth. I just need to know for my English poetry assignment.
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Gerund, participle, or present continuous verb

In the following sentence, I did quite well in the examination, without having to burn the midnight oil. What is "having" -- a gerund, a participle, or just a present continuous verb? I tried Wren &...
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5 votes
2 answers
998 views

Should "gerund + objective" be modified by adjectives or adverbs?

I read from TheFreeDictionary http://www.thefreedictionary.com/Gerunds.htm the examples "Studying too hastily will result in a poor grade." and "Working from home allows me to spend more time with my ...
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4 votes
1 answer
497 views

"I have you returning the car."

Context: Top Notch 2 Conversation: Agent: I have you returning the car on August 14th here at the airport. Renter: Yes. That's correct. I am puzzled by this sentence in a conversation between a ...
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3 votes
5 answers
246 views

"I hate Jill singing those songs." = "I hate Jill when she is singing those songs."?

Can the sentence I hate Jill singing those songs. mean I hate Jill when she is singing those songs. Or does it mean something else?
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1 vote
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'Your understanding my sense of humour...' vs 'Your understanding OF my sense of humour...' [duplicate]

Are both of the above phrases correct or only the latter? For example, if saying, 'Your understanding (of) my sense of humour was the only thing that made the dinner enjoyable'. Is the 'of' ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Finish reading or finish of read. Why we use gerund forms as infinitives verbs?

I see that some words in English are expressed in gerund, with the meaning corresponding to the infinitive, and used as infinitive verbs. Could someone please explain to me, why does this happen? I'm ...
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2 votes
1 answer
655 views

Question on gerunds/verbs [closed]

I realise this is probably a somewhat confusing question, which really has two distinct parts, but I thought of them in relation to one another so... Firstly, with the phrase 'Having done that was a ...
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When do I say "I have seen people do it" and not "I have seen people doing it"? [duplicate]

What is the difference between I have seen people do it and I have seen people doing it?
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0 votes
1 answer
548 views

Which form of "ridiculous/ridiculously" is correct in this sentence, and why?

This is the sentence in question: Never would he wish to injure the feelings of his schoolmate of so long ago, no matter how ridiculous/ridiculously he was acting, or how strange his beliefs. The ...
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1 vote
4 answers
399 views

Is the -ing a participle in the sentence?

I came across a sentence like this: The president of the World Bank says he has a passion for China, which he remembers starting as early as his childhood. I am not sure how to understand the ...
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Grammatical correctness of the following sentence

I came across this sentence while preparing for the IELTS writing exam: There are a number of causes of people not doing physical activities. That causes of should be followed by a noun or gerund. ...
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-2 votes
1 answer
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Can I use "has" after being a noun? [closed]

I have a question about verb agreement. Can I use "has" after [being + noun]? For example, is has the correct form of the verb in the following sentence? Being a celebrity has both some ...
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