Questions tagged [geography]

Questions related to geography.

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1 answer
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How many countries are listed in “France, England, Scotland and the UK”? [closed]

I have four papers, each describing a separate clinical trial. The papers state trial locations as France, England, Scotland and the UK (without specifying where). I want to say that the trials were ...
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0 votes
2 answers
31 views

Terms for aerial versus ground surface area

Are there accepted area terms that concisely distinguish aerial area (e.g., from a Google Earth satellite photo) from ground surface area? (For sloped ground, the ground surface area is larger than ...
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1 vote
2 answers
115 views

What is a vertical panorama called?

A mountain “viewpoint” is a great place to get a panoramic view of a region: you can generally take in a huge area [panorama] from left to right. I was wondering what term or phrase describes a ...
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-2 votes
1 answer
53 views

When and why did English change Affrick and Asie to Africa and Asia? [closed]

English names for continents all end in Latin suffix -a / -ia, except Europe. Africa, America, Antarctica, Asia, Australia Since English language used to take much of its vocabulary from French during ...
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0 answers
33 views

Word Order with Geographical Places [duplicate]

I can't find a general textbook or a thread on internet with grammar rules for word order regarding the names of Geographical places, for example: Mount Everest vs Rocky Mount River Nile vs Colorado ...
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1 vote
2 answers
95 views

Why do we say latitude and longitude instead of longitude and latitude? [closed]

Latitude measures degree from the equator and longitude measures the degree from the prime meridian, each corresponding to the x-axis and y-axis of the world. However, normally when we are talking ...
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6 votes
2 answers
283 views

What is the English word for "rinconada"

In general a "rinconada" is an incoming angle formed at the intersection of two houses, two streets, or two roads. In geography a "rinconada" is the land between two mountain ...
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0 votes
1 answer
29 views

When referring to an event held in a country whose name has changed, should you use the new or old name

If I'm referring to an event that took place in Yakutsk in 1960, should I refer to Yakutsk, USSR, or Yakutsk, Russia?
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1 vote
0 answers
49 views

Northwest vs Northwestern [duplicate]

At its height, The Almohad Caliphate controlled much of the Iberian Peninsula and Northwest Africa. or At its height, The Almohad Caliphate controlled much of the Iberian Peninsula and Northwestern ...
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1 vote
0 answers
50 views

Naming advice for a start-up [closed]

I'm preparing to open up a start-up. Because of some personal reasons, I'd like to name it after the small town in China I was born in. It's named 下关 (dry translate to down-gate or down-fort). That ...
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21 votes
2 answers
2k views

Countries ending with -Y vs. -IA: What is the pattern?

I wonder why some country names in English are suffixed with -y (Lombardy, Italy, Hungary, Saxony, Sicily) and some with -ia (Bulgaria, Austria, Bavaria, Sardinia). I understand the etymology: "-...
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  • 325
0 votes
1 answer
170 views

Why 'The' always comes in front of 'The United Kingdom' but the same does not always apply to 'Great Britain'? [duplicate]

Why 'The' always comes in front of 'The United Kingdom' but the same does not always apply to 'Great Britain'?
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-1 votes
1 answer
528 views

Is there an etymological relation between Albania the country and St Albans, the city in Hertfordshire, England? [closed]

Is there an etymological relation? (some more words to keep validator happy)
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0 votes
1 answer
102 views

Word for geopolitical division of the world

In Norwegian, we have two words: "verdensdel" and "kontinent". The former is a word that describes a geopolitical division of the world, "verdens" = "world's" ; ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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What do we call a place, which is a plane land just beneath a mountain range?

I want to describe about a village. It is not a mountain village. It is located just at the border from where hills started to rise.
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1 vote
0 answers
95 views

Why do 120 or so geographical region names end in a and ia?

The web contains lengthy lists one with about 120 names of major geographical regions that end in a and ia. Is there any merit to the idea that this might go back to the Hebrew words raqa and raqia? (...
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3 votes
1 answer
87 views

Does the word relitigate imply legal proceedings?

I understand the word, "litigate" to indicate some kind of legal action. However, I have recently come across the word "re-litigate" in a context that implies a difference of opinion that has not (yet?...
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  • 551
3 votes
1 answer
211 views

What is the geographic term for a landmass separated by two rivers?

If there is a region of land that sort of makes an island with the two rivers (which are fare apart). What would you call it. For Example there is a region in Iraq/Syria that almost forms this (the ...
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2 votes
1 answer
58 views

A geography word [closed]

What is the word for the point when a river leaves a mountain to flow out onto a plain or such?
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0 votes
1 answer
305 views

Pronunciations of the geographical name 'Orion' [closed]

Which (3) ways is Orion pronounced as relative to (3) meanings, Orion Township, Lake Orion (Lake), and Lake Orion (town)?
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1 vote
0 answers
69 views

'Czech'/'Swiss' to refer to the country?

An increasing number of my friends in India and the United Kingdom use 'Czech' to refer to the Czech Republic (and a smaller number do the same with saying 'Swiss' for Switzerland). When politely ...
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1 vote
2 answers
3k views

What are analogous words to "occidental" and "oriental" for southern and northern? [duplicate]

Definitions Occidental: "1: relating to the countries of the West" Oriental: "1. of, relating to, or characteristic of the Orient, or East; Eastern." So, occidental is effectively a word that is a ...
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3 votes
1 answer
1k views

What does "water rich area" mean?

I am unsure how to specifically define a water-rich area. I assume that it is an area of water surplus but I am led to believe it has a more specific definition for I have been asked it as a separate ...
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2 votes
1 answer
216 views

A proper universal name for any city or town, regardless of its size [duplicate]

I'm facing a pressing issue with choosing a proper way to call a place (city, town), regardless of its size. 1) Has to describe places of any size (from pop. 5 to 5 mil.) 2) Must describe any ...
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0 votes
0 answers
15 views

Guiding tables below the maps and color-coded tables in English [duplicate]

Usually, there is a guiding table below the maps and color-coded tables, to help reader what is the meaning of each color or element. What is that table called in English?
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  • 109
0 votes
1 answer
223 views

Northwest Territories and Papal States

The Northwest Territories of Canada are only one territory, and the Papal States in Italy consisted of only one state. Why is the plural used? (In Italian, one says "Stato Pontificio", which is ...
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3 votes
2 answers
4k views

The Southern US, or the southern US? [duplicate]

To my understanding, specific geographic regions are always capitalized. For example, Southern US is proper because it is a specific region. However, a co-author argues that southern should not be ...
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  • 162
0 votes
1 answer
443 views

Terms for different types of soil (pictures included)

As a non-native speaker, I'm struggling to describe environments comprehensibly and detailedly. The following picture shows typical ground in a forest, and I would most likely call it earth or soil. ...
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2 votes
1 answer
168 views

Why is the phrase "coal country" uncountable in this sentence? Does it mean a particular region?

Why is the phrase "coal country" uncountable in this sentence? Does it mean a particular region? Were he frustrated in Congress, the president would surely fall back on areas where he has a free ...
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1 vote
2 answers
737 views

Etymology of "Dubai"

I need to etymologize the city name Dubai (United Arab Emirates) for a project. Etymonline only lists the origins as "uncertain" and Wiktionary traces it to دُبَيّ, the Arabic term for it (pronounced ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
123 views

Wallonia or Walloon Region? [duplicate]

What is the preferred way to refer to la Wallonie in English -- Wallonia or Walloon Region?
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3 votes
3 answers
296 views

The grammatical number of "Newfoundland and Labrador"

Some of the confusion among the posted answers causes me to add this prefatory note: There is one province called Newfoundland and Labrador. There is no province called Newfoundland and there is no ...
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5 votes
1 answer
416 views

Etymology of "Djibouti"

The country name Djibouti has no etymology listed on both Etymonline and Wiktionary. I do know that's it named after the city for sure, but where did that come from? I tried to research it, but all I ...
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4 votes
2 answers
1k views

Capitalising names of geographical/tourist terms

I'm translating a series of short tourism-related texts from Croatian to English and I can't find definitive answers for some of my dilemmas: Names of waterfalls / caves / trails & word order ...
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4 votes
5 answers
5k views

A word to describe the point of land at the confluence of two rivers?

I'm seeking a word that best describes the point of land created by the confluence of two rivers. The parcel of land in question would be situated in between the two rivers as their flow combined to ...
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  • 49
2 votes
4 answers
774 views

Is there a word for a road or river that runs almost "vertical" in the map?

Is there an adjective to describe a road or a river whose orientation is nearly north to south (e.g. looks vertical in the map)? An example sentence would be, "the [word] highway between Foopolis and ...
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  • 239
4 votes
2 answers
518 views

Name for the peak of a plateau

The highest point; the flatland. Ex: Summit is to mountain/hill as _____ is to plateau. Would summit just be acceptable in itself?
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7 votes
7 answers
3k views

Word for crossing the bottom of a valley

To refer to the highest point on a hill, one might use the word "crest": He walked up to the crest of the hill, and surveyed his surroundings. On the other hand, one might also use "crest" as a ...
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3 votes
1 answer
203 views

Term for derogatory suffix used with city names?

When speaking of a city in negative terms one might attach a prefix/suffix to the city name. This nickname is a portmanteau that implies a derogatory tone. Most often this will be a negative term but ...
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1 vote
2 answers
5k views

Another word for a single line of trees on a hilltop, as seen from a distance

There's definitely a single word that is used to describe, when seen from a distance, a single row of trees on a hilltop. I searched quite a bit but am unable to find the word.
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  • 117
3 votes
1 answer
2k views

How do you write "deep south"?

How does one write "deep south?" It is a proper noun so I believe South is capitalized but what about d/Deep ?
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-1 votes
2 answers
3k views

What do you call someone from the Americas if not American? [closed]

Someone from Europe is European. Someone from Africa is African. Someone from Asia is Asian. Someone from Oceania is presumably Oceanic. But you can't call a person from the Americas an American due ...
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7 votes
4 answers
235 views

Is there a process name for an island becoming unisolated?

I previously asked this on the history stack exchange but unfortunately had no good luck, and I was recommended to give this stack exchange a go, so: Basically I would like to know if there is an ...
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5 votes
2 answers
1k views

The definite article with geographical terms

I know in English you can use the definite article with geographical expressiones such as the sea, the country, the land, the city, the beach, the seaside, but what about other geographical terms? Can ...
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  • 814
0 votes
2 answers
10k views

Should "global south" be capitalized?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North%E2%80%93South_divide In a context such as, The harsh realities as the result of the socioeconomic conditions plaguing the global south Should it be "Global ...
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  • 83
18 votes
3 answers
4k views

Why 'prefecture' for Japanese administration areas?

There are many ways of labeling the smaller administrative areas of a country: states. For the US, provinces for Canada, counties for Ireland for English speaking countries, and departments (or ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
1k views

Is it wise to specify a country name in brackets when referring to foreign city in an official document

While writing a formal document in an English language, I would like to know whether it's wise to specify a country name in brackets when referring to foreign city in an official document. For example,...
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  • 109
9 votes
4 answers
2k views

Term for all landmasses connected to Europe?

I'm looking for one phrase that refers to the entire landmass that makes Europe, Africa, and Asia without having to name each continent separately, much like how I can say the Americas to refer to ...
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  • 663
21 votes
14 answers
3k views

Word for inlets of a mountain

Can the word inlet be used for mountains, too? I'm looking for a word that describes valleys that reach into the mountain, but don't go across it. Here is a picture that tries to describe what I'm ...
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7 votes
6 answers
771 views

Expression for an abrupt change in height

Is there an expression for an abrupt change in height? I’m looking for a word for the edge of the change, like in the German word Geländekante.
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