Questions tagged [derivational-morphology]

Derivational morphology is where a word is prefixed or suffixed to make a new word.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
1answer
57 views

What is the relational antonym for the word mentioner?

Just like the relationship between employer and employee, what is the word for the receiving side of a mention? An example of a sentence: The mentioner mentions the mentionnee, but mentionnee is not a ...
2
votes
2answers
258 views

Is combustant a word?

I am trying to pin down the definition of the word combustant, but I can't seem to find anything. Almost all dictionaries are giving me the definition for combustion. If I search with a strict filter, ...
17
votes
4answers
3k views

Why can’t I turn “fast-paced” into a quality noun by adding the “‑ness” suffix?

I needed to write a word that expressed the quality of being fast-paced. "Fast-pacedness" sounded off and I looked the dictionaries up. Collins is my favourite one. Webster I use when I need ...
17
votes
3answers
2k views

Can “believed” ever be an adjective?

The ti­tle ex­plains it all. I had an ar­gu­ment with my English teacher; she gave us a task to con­vert nouns to their cor­re­spond­ing ad­jec­tives and verbs. She gave us be­lief as the noun and ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

Why do some words containing a form of “philia” have it at the beginning and some have it at the end?

There are words like “philosophy”, “philology”, “philanthropy”; these have a form of “philia” at the beginning. Why don't these words have it at the end? Also, there are words like “haemophilia”, “...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

A toned down term to replace “orthodoxy” in sociology of art

I think this community could help me a lot. In sociology of culture the term orthodoxy refers to ideas held by most and imposed by cultural institutions, so that the "doxa", or opinion, is ...
0
votes
1answer
78 views

Is “hardwork” a valid word?

I came across this word in an English test, where "hardwork" was marked as the 'correct' answer for a question. I know of the adjective hardworking, but I thought "hardwork" was ...
1
vote
2answers
124 views

Is “evictable” an acceptable adjectival form of ‘evict’?

Is it correct to use "evictable" as an adjective for something that can be evicted? I plan to use the term in computer science context as an adjective on a cache whose entries can be evicted ...
0
votes
0answers
81 views

Terminology and the morphology of 'librarian'

I was hoping someone could help me out with a terminology question. What is it called when you remove a letter to add a derivational bound morpheme to a free morpheme (i.e. library + -ian = librar(y)...
0
votes
1answer
106 views

Why doesn’t the verb “read” have a corresponding noun form suffixed with “‑tion/‑ion/‑sion”?

Why there isn’t a ‑tion/‑ion/‑sion derived form for the verb read verb, such as for example the non-existent ✼readation or ✼readition? Example with an ‑tion form: exsanguination disobstruction ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

Is there any way, I can get to the brief history of any words or phrases?

It's hard to remember the word until I get to the history or until I feel the word. I'm wondering any apps or sites to help me out with this.
1
vote
0answers
35 views

A single word for turning something Italian?

I’m looking for an equivalent to “Anglicize”, essentially, but “Italicize” has an existing definition that seems to refer exclusively to typefaces, which complicates things. For instance, it sounds ...
0
votes
0answers
87 views

Are morphemes commonly found at the end of words considered suffixes?

Are morphemes commonly found at the end of words considered suffixes? For example: "erate", found at the end of words like accelerate, operate, refrigerate, considerate, nonliterate, etc. I ...
2
votes
1answer
154 views

Why some words ending in -ke become -cable (and/or -cative), while others become -kable (or -keable)

Today I learnt that revoke + able would make revocable. What's the reasoning for this? Are there any other examples like this?
3
votes
1answer
60 views

What would be the adjectival form of the word “sonata”?

Richard Wagner, it is said, looked down on "sonata form" as being too constraining. Roughly speaking, he objected to the long music passages with unchanging rhythm, with repeating cadences, ...
1
vote
1answer
283 views

Why word “weighten” aren't actually a valid word?

There's bunch of words with -en form of word like height-heighten, bright-brighten and others, but weight-weighten aren't valid pair. Is there any reasons, why is it like that? Is there any rule for ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

The installer of an installer

This is probably one of many questions brought forward by this computing age; but what can I call a person who installs an installer? I was thinking installee, which isn't a word given we already had ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

What's the adjectival form of “evangelist”?

I have a question about how to write the following: 1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, and Titus are commonly known as the "pastoral epistles" because they're allegedly written to pastors. However, the ...
2
votes
2answers
322 views

employ, employer, employee - can I generalize this pattern to (verb), (verb)er, (verb)ee? [duplicate]

As a non-native speaking programmer, I need a general pattern to name input and output variables of operations where the variables are of the same type and I noticed that employ, employer employee is ...
1
vote
1answer
232 views

Voiceless noun endings with voiced verb endings

We can use that idea. That idea has no conceivable use. It is necessary to house these students. The will reside in that house. I cannot prove that. I have no proof. I can breathe. Every breath I take ...
1
vote
0answers
61 views

Nominal form or adjectival form?

Given that the adjectival form of wood is wooden, why has wood been used instead of wooden in the following sentence? It is a spacious house with wood floor.
1
vote
0answers
4k views

Is “strategization” a word, or is there something more correct/appropriate?

Is strategization a word? As in: We noticed flaws in their accounting department so the project will include a QuickBooks strategization. [EDIT] As @tchrist points out, this isn't the best ...
-1
votes
3answers
106 views

What noun do we have that means 'offendableness' or 'offendability' (tendency) or that means 'offendedness' (state)?

I found only one relevant response at What is the word for the state of being offended? Any others? "Offendedness is good enough for Salman Rushdie (www.salon.com) – Spagirl Aug 31 '17 at 13:...
10
votes
2answers
325 views

How did the meaning of “consultant” shift from asker to askee?

Reading a different question about the opposite of the word consultant made we wonder why the word shifted semantically from the asker to the person who answers? From Etymonline: consultant (n.) ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Adjectival form of “phyllid?”

What's the word that relates to "phyllid" like "foliate" relates to "foliage?" Phyllid: A leaf-like extension of the stem in Bryophytes https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glossary_of_botanical_terms#...
0
votes
1answer
859 views

Add -al to verb to make a noun

Do you have any examples of nouns that are formed by adding -al to a verb? I can think of one example (rental), but would like to have a few more. Thank you for your help!
1
vote
0answers
55 views

What is the name of this type of adjective?

Okay, I've been wondering this for a while. There's a specific type of adjective, and it seems to me that it should have a name, but I'm not sure if it does. It's the class of adjectives that can be ...
2
votes
0answers
106 views

Confused by when to use -ent and -ence (e.g innocent, innocence, eloquent, eloquence, patient, patience …etc)

Is there a rule or guideline that can help to know the right tense to use at any given situation? I'm currently learning by memorising phrases like Be Patient, Have patience but it is limiting.
1
vote
3answers
164 views

Adjectival form for “made out of energy”

I need an adjective that can be made to describe the quality of a structure being made out energy. The term "energetic" I find mainly defined as something that is "abundant in energy", while the way ...
4
votes
1answer
506 views

Why can “dispute” be both verb and noun, but “refute” only a verb?

The word dispute be used as a verb or a noun: Do not dispute me on this. The dispute was settled quickly. However, the word refute can be used only as a verb: I shall refute this claim. The only ...
3
votes
1answer
116 views

Is “fiddle” a frequentative form, and if so, of what?

Having recently learned about frequentative forms, I began to wonder, is fiddle a frequentative form? I've seen the suggestion that -le in this case was a pre-English formation, but the meaning "to ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

If -ment suffix is from Old French, then why does it form nouns instead of adverbs?

The suffix -ment forms nouns from verbs, e.g. entertain → entertainment. A similar suffix exists in French (and -mente in other Romance languages) that forms adverbs from adjectives, e.g. sûr → ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

“miss assessed” “miss-assessed” or “misassessed”?

I googled this, and I am getting ambiguous results. In books, even in legal documents, I can find examples of "misassess", "miss assess" and "miss-assess". What is the correct way to spell this verb? ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

Adjective of low-toxicity

Is there an adjective for low-toxicity, or can it be used as an adjective itself? It sounds strange to say, for example, materials that are low-toxicity.
0
votes
1answer
295 views

How do you derive an adverb from “difficult”?

Consider this sentence: The solution to this question should no more difficult be obtained than that to the other question. Is this sentence grammatical? Is difficult here used as an adverb?
1
vote
1answer
218 views

What would the adjectival form of “Earl” (the title) be?

Is there even one? I know the adjective for "Duke" would be "ducal" ("of, like or relating to a Duke or dukedom"). But I can't find a good version of the word for an Earl....
9
votes
3answers
2k views

What’s the adjectivealform of “odaxelagnia”?

All I can think of is “odaxelagniac” like “mania” and “maniac” but I’m not positive. Edit: What’s the word, if one exists, for someone who suffers from odaxelagnia, a form of paraphilia? Also, is “...
12
votes
7answers
2k views

Can the word “Phoenician” be reasonably used to denote “of a phoenix”?

I'm trying to write a webnovel that involves mythical creatures. I want to include Dragons, Angels, and Demons, and the problematic Phoenixes. The problem I am facing is that there is no ...
5
votes
1answer
841 views

Is multifunctionality an actual word?

After checking a few dictionaries like https://www.dictionary.com, I noticed that the only form of this word they recognize is the adjective form: multifunctional. The only noun form listed is "...
-2
votes
4answers
526 views

Antonym for the adjectival form of “honorific”

I'm looking for a good word to describe other words and contrast them with purely honorific sounding words. I'd like a word that could be used by itself (i.e. I can say "that's an honorific word&...
3
votes
1answer
137 views

Morphology, conversion type confusion! [closed]

I am currently doing an assignment. I am having difficulty understanding this phenomenon. If the verb "taking" is in a passage would it be considered a conversion process, as "taking" can also be a ...
2
votes
1answer
4k views

Is “-ed” an inflectional or derivational morpheme in “the stressed syllables”?

In the word "stressed" in the following sentence, is the -ed an Inflectional or a Derivational suffix? Would you please explain to me why? The sentence is: This is one of the stressed syllables. ...
3
votes
3answers
773 views

Opposite of Extinction

Extinct is to Extant; as Extinction is to ____________? The root words, extinct & extant, are basically polar opposites. The correct answer would be a technical term that indicates the polar ...
2
votes
4answers
622 views

Does the “-s” change the word class of “it”? [closed]

The word it is a pronoun. When I add an s to it, does it change the word class? For example in the following sentence: The gift is still in its box. My questions are: Does the "S" change ...
21
votes
1answer
1k views

Why do some ---ify verbs have a different noun ending?

The following verbs follow a pattern as to their associated noun: rectify / rectification amplify / amplification exemplify / exemplification sanctify / sanctification clarify / clarification ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

When is it possible to form an adjective ending in “-onian”? Could we say “Marxonian”?

Why do we use the adjective "Marxist" and not "Marxonian"? Please explain the use of these unusual suffixes. Another one that comes to mind is "Draconian". How do we decide what suffix to use? What ...
0
votes
2answers
720 views

What’s the diminutive form of “reindeer”?

Could you please tell me what the diminutive form of reindeer is? How do children call it? A pig is 'piggy', a dog is 'doggy', a reindeer is ... 'reinee'?
3
votes
3answers
1k views

How to use Preside as a -ion word?

English is not my first language, so I'm finding it weird to understand a particular usage for the word 'Preside'. I'm creating an Programme Schedule for an event and I need to add a line that ...
2
votes
5answers
2k views

Is “rejectance” a proper / legitimate word?

Is rejectance an actual word that is interchangeable with rejection? I have not found it in any of the dictionaries available to me. I heard this word from a startup owner, who said the phrase: "...
2
votes
2answers
216 views

Questions related to acceptability of “threatener / threatenee.”

Background In the context of a legal/political philosophical writing, I have occasion to examine the relationship between one who makes a threat (the "threatener") and one against whom a threat has ...