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Questions tagged [derivational-morphology]

Derivational morphology is where a word is prefixed or suffixed to make a new word.

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Why can “dispute” be both verb and noun, but “refute” only a verb?

The word dispute be used as a verb or a noun: Do not dispute me on this. The dispute was settled quickly. However, the word refute can be used only as a verb: I shall refute this claim. The only ...
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1answer
43 views

Is “fiddle” a frequentative form, and if so, of what?

Having recently learned about frequentative forms, I began to wonder, is fiddle a frequentative form? I've seen the suggestion that -le in this case was a pre-English formation, but the meaning "to ...
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1answer
112 views

If -ment suffix is from Old French, then why does it form nouns instead of adverbs?

The suffix -ment forms nouns from verbs, e.g. entertain → entertainment. A similar suffix exists in French (and -mente in other Romance languages) that forms adverbs from adjectives, e.g. sûr → ...
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Difference between economic and economical [duplicate]

well, I wanted to know what is the difference between economic and economical and I will be grateful if you can help me.
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“miss assessed” “miss-assessed” or “misassessed”?

I googled this, and I am getting ambiguous results. In books, even in legal documents, I can find examples of "misassess", "miss assess" and "miss-assess". What is the correct way to spell this verb? ...
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1answer
54 views

Adjective of low-toxicity

Is there an adjective for low-toxicity, or can it be used as an adjective itself? It sounds strange to say, for example, materials that are low-toxicity.
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1answer
41 views

How do you derive an adverb from “difficult”?

Consider this sentence: The solution to this question should no more difficult be obtained than that to the other question. Is this sentence grammatical? Is difficult here used as an adverb?
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7answers
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Can the word “Phoenician” be reasonably used to denote “of a phoenix”?

I'm trying to write a webnovel that involves mythical creatures. I want to include Dragons, Angels, and Demons, and the problematic Phoenixes. The problem I am facing is that there is no ...
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1answer
124 views

Is multifunctionality an actual word?

After checking a few dictionaries like https://www.dictionary.com, I noticed that the only form of this word they recognize is the adjective form: multifunctional. The only noun form listed is "...
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1answer
104 views

Morphology, conversion type confusion! [closed]

I am currently doing an assignment. I am having difficulty understanding this phenomenon. If the verb "taking" is in a passage would it be considered a conversion process, as "taking" can also be a ...
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1answer
667 views

Is “-ed” an inflectional or derivational morpheme in “the stressed syllables”?

In the word "stressed" in the following sentence, is the -ed an Inflectional or a Derivational suffix? Would you please explain to me why? The sentence is: This is one of the stressed syllables. ...
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262 views

Opposite of Extinction

Extinct is to Extant; as Extinction is to ____________? The root words, extinct & extant, are basically polar opposites. The correct answer would be a technical term that indicates the polar ...
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4answers
240 views

Does the “-s” change the word class of “it”? [closed]

The word it is a pronoun. When I add an s to it, does it change the word class? For example in the following sentence: The gift is still in its box. My questions are: Does the "S" change ...
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1answer
1k views

Why do some ---ify verbs have a different noun ending?

The following verbs follow a pattern as to their associated noun: rectify / rectification amplify / amplification exemplify / exemplification sanctify / sanctification clarify / clarification ...
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2answers
376 views

When is it possible to form an adjective ending in “-onian”? Could we say “Marxonian”?

Why do we use the adjective "Marxist" and not "Marxonian"? Please explain the use of these unusual suffixes. Another one that comes to mind is "Draconian". How do we decide what suffix to use? What ...
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2answers
301 views

What’s the diminutive form of “reindeer”?

Could you please tell me what the diminutive form of reindeer is? How do children call it? A pig is 'piggy', a dog is 'doggy', a reindeer is ... 'reinee'?
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3answers
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How to use Preside as a -ion word?

English is not my first language, so I'm finding it weird to understand a particular usage for the word 'Preside'. I'm creating an Programme Schedule for an event and I need to add a line that ...
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4answers
673 views

Is “rejectance” a proper / legitimate word?

Is rejectance an actual word that is interchangeable with rejection? I have not found it in any of the dictionaries available to me. I heard this word from a startup owner, who said the phrase: "...
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2answers
110 views

Questions related to acceptability of “threatener / threatenee.”

Background In the context of a legal/political philosophical writing, I have occasion to examine the relationship between one who makes a threat (the "threatener") and one against whom a threat has ...
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1answer
98 views

A word for “inferentiability”

Suppose that I can infer that x is an X, given a statement y. Thus, the statement y affects the ability to infer that something is an X. I would like a word that sums up "the ability to infer". It ...
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2answers
460 views

Is “logicalising” a valid word? [closed]

Is logicalising a valid word, if the meaning was to make something supposedly 'illogical', logical?
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1answer
2k views

-able & -ability usage: Why can't “searchability” be a word? (Or can it?)

Sometimes I edit a question title on Stack Exchange in order to make it more clear and easier for users to find it when searching. In the comment field I usually enter: "Title edited for clarity and ...
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1answer
129 views

Lexis: How to derive new words by applying affixes to old ones? [closed]

At university I learned the process and some of the details of how to derive new words from old ones using prefixes and suffixes, and how this process makes words change their part of speech, but I ...
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2answers
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-actic or -acic?

I noticed some time ago that the words climax and thorax, though both from Greek roots, take different suffixes for "concerning —": -actic and -acic, respectively. A quick Google revealed one more ...
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1answer
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One espresso, or two espressi? A double espresso or two espressos? What's the plural of espresso? [closed]

What is the plural of "Espresso"? Some places, especially in Europe spell it "Espressi", some ask for two espresso's. It seems that in Italy, the masculine plural of a noun generally does end with -...
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1answer
130 views

Is there a rule or pattern for figuring out which suffix should be used when creating a noun from a verb? [closed]

How can we decide which suffix is used to create a noun from a verb? Consider these suffixes: -ee, -er, -or, -ment, -al, -ant, -ation. For example, when we form the noun "examination" the suffix "-...
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2answers
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is variablize or variabilize a word?

Is there a more appropriate word to use when ‘variablizing’ a data point (i.e to make something a variable) since the word variablize (or variabilize) does not seem to appear in the Oxford English ...
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3answers
620 views

Is “extra-departmental” a real word?

I could only find a definition on Wiktionary, making it questionable. My team is looking to title something that refers to departments outside our own, but still internal to the company. As in, "...
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5answers
1k views

Is “accumulatory” a word? If not, what is? [closed]

Is "accumulatory" a word? I'm intending it to be a word that means the opposite of "fragmentary". I thought maybe "accumulatory" would be the adjective form of "accumulate", but I can't seem to find ...
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1answer
651 views

DIScomfort yet UNcomfortable

Why is the negation of comfort discomfort but the opposite of comfortable is uncomfortable? Or is the word "discomfortable" accepted too?
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1answer
226 views

What does the word “doofosity” mean?

I have already tried to look up doofosity in many dictionaries but met with no success, so I’m asking here: what is the meaning of doofosity?
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3answers
740 views

Coining the word “oblivience” as an obliviousness induced rather than ignorance induced state of obedience

I notice thesauruses do not list the word oblivience, yet I am one of those people who give a little extra meaning to "free speech", as in "it doesn't hurt pioneering as long as the intent is clear". ...
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5answers
438 views

Is there a word for degree or quality of being phallic?

How do I describe an object's potential / degree of being phallic? Example: This beer stein's what word here is a bit over the top.
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1answer
3k views

“Lip-sync” or “Lip-synch”?

What is the correct spelling of the expression "lip sync[h]," which refers to miming singing over a recording--usually in a public performance and with the intention to mislead? Google has ...
5
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1answer
4k views

Is “symmetricity” a word? [closed]

Some online resources that have a meaning for this word https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/symmetricity https://www.wordnik.com/words/symmetricity But I am not sure whether they are correct. Can anyone ...
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1answer
56 views

Recoined is it a real word? [closed]

'coined' is past tense of 'coin' Is recoined a real word? It is not listed in Oxford dictionary.
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5answers
4k views

Is “Untap” an equivalent of “Unleash?”

While attempting to assist another user on another Stack Exchange site I stumbled upon this marketing page for the Samsung SSD 850 EVO that—to my mind—oddly states: Untap your computer’s potential ...
3
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1answer
738 views

What’s the deal with the prefix “re-” with the Latin root “ques”, “qui”, and “quearere”?

The Latin root is ques or qui as seen in words like question, quest, inquiry, and quiz. Very related to this Latin root is the root quearere, which seems to have a fair amount of influence on the ...
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1answer
237 views

Correct morphological parse of a word “indecipherable”

What will be the correct morphological parse of word indecipherable in-prefix>decipher-stem>able-suffix or indecipherable in-prefix>de- prefix >cipher-stem>able-suffix ...
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1answer
337 views

What is the proper suffix to change bildungsroman into an adjective? [closed]

In this case I am wondering what suffix would be the best use for bildungsroman when trying to characterize a memoir.
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2answers
409 views

Can one form an adverb from any adjective?

I'm trying to form the following sentence: ...we can talk more substantiatively in the event that X occurs. The term "substantiatively" isn't in either the computer dictionary or online at m-w.com....
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1answer
108 views

Name for person who uses epanorthosis

How would you from the noun epanorthosis derive a name describing a person who frequently uses this rhetorical tactic? An epanorthocian? Eparnorcian? Epanorthologist? Epanorthic? Something else? The ...
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2answers
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Is “transitionable” a valid word?

I want to say that a task should be made to be transitionable, meaning it should be easy to transition the task to another person without requiring an extensive amount of training. My spell checker ...
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0answers
593 views

What are the morphemes in the word “imaginative”?

What are the morphemes in the word "imaginative" and what are their functions? I'm studying morphology, and I know the general types of morphemes in words. Every morpheme has a meaning that changes ...
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2answers
225 views

Do false diminutives exist in English?

In some languages, there are false diminutives, by which I mean words which have diminutive suffixes but don't express either small size or affectionately emotive meanings. For example, in Italian, -...
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1answer
2k views

Words pronounced with stress patterns like in “politics”, “lunatics”, etc.?

Could anyone please give a list of words pronounced with no primary stress immediately preceding the suffix -ic, such as in "politics", "lunatic", "arithmetic"? Also, is there an absolute stress ...
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2answers
3k views

Nouns to adjectives: “-ous” vs. “-ful”

When turning nouns to adjectives, what is the rule for using the suffixes -ous or -ful? Why do pain/harm became painful/harmful and not painous or harmous? Why do glory/nerve become glorious/nervous ...
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2answers
590 views

The pronunciation of “peripheral”

Some time ago, I heard the pronunciation of the word peripheral on a TV show (Brain Games, to be exact). Very surprised to hear /pəɹɪfəɹəl/, I asked two close relatives whether that was how the word ...
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3answers
188 views

Spermatozoan or spermatozoal?

Spermatozoon is a single mature sperm cell. The plural is spermatozoa. Which of the following is correct: "Spermatozoal motility" or "spermatozoan motility"? Or should it be something else? Googling ...
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3answers
261 views

Demonyms - When a place ends on an “s” sound, why are its inhabitants sometimes spelled with a “t”? (e.g. Mars - Martian)

I am not natively English speaking and I was wondering about this spelling when I saw the title of the movie "The Martian". This pattern also seems to apply to other things ending on an "s" sound, ...