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Questions tagged [derivational-morphology]

Derivational morphology is where a word is prefixed or suffixed to make a new word.

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Are there any differences between ‘evolutionary’ and ‘evolutional’? [closed]

I heard the word evolutional quite recently and I’d like to know whether this word has the same meaning as evolutionary has. Do they have different connotations? My gut says that evolutionary is like ...
fresnir's user avatar
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3 votes
3 answers
195 views

Is the word structure of 'politico-chicanery' acceptable?

Consider the word combination in the following sentence - “Filmography recapitulating politico-chicanery, the age of the superhero is about to yield to the age of the monster”. I’ve always thought the ...
Мария Волкова's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
116 views

What is the status of logically pointless adjectives and adverbs, such as chairy or chairly? [closed]

Adjectives and adverbs can be formed by adding "y" or "ly" to e.g. a noun, such as: heart -> hearty, heartily However, sometimes these words are not in use, or make no logical ...
curiouser and curiouser's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
328 views

Is there a definitive direction for going “full ass” relative to going half-ass?

I’ve never heard “full ass” as an actual term anywhere, but I wondered about it since the actual term “half-ass” implies there should be a theoretical meaning for going full. If “half-ass” means ...
CTMacUser's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
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What do you call this function in language: 'ignite' → 'igniter' ; 'wait'→'waiter' ; 'run' →'runner"

The linguistic procedure outlined below is the one that can be used to make new words out of verbs, and anyone who understands English will immediately have a sense of the meaning of the new word as ...
shintuku's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
700 views

What is the ‘‑ht vs ‑th’ grammar or spelling rule? [duplicate]

Some words end with ‑th while others end with ‑ht. For example: Height, weight, thought, drought, sleight, sight all end with ‑ht. Length, width, breadth, depth, wealth, girth, dearth all end with ‑...
Jeremaih Celestin's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
406 views

Is "unpurposeful" a word? [closed]

I know that there are different opinions about whether or not questions like "is that a word" are correct. But for now, I want to be less free in my word usage. I did find "unpurposeful&...
Anton  Merzliakov's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
69 views

How are attributive suffixes like "-ean" in "Shakespearean" created?

Words like: Orwellian, Socratic, Shakespearean, Marxist, elephantine are all adjectives that mean "relating to or characteristic of root noun", but the derivational suffixes applied to the ...
minseong's user avatar
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1 answer
157 views

Is it mix blood, mixed blood, or mix blooded? [closed]

Suppose I wanted to say: That's her ____ daughter? Would I say: mix-blood, mixed-blood, mix-blooded, or mixed-blooded? I kind of confuse with adjectives whether it goes with -ed.
Mallimika's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
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Can you please tell me what “a-thump” means?

Can you please tell me what a-thump means in the following sentence taken from Daphne Du Maurier’s Rebecca? Why is the hyphen used there? And Jasper, dear Jasper, with his soulful eyes and great, ...
Bucatariu David Flavius's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
274 views

Logicalness/logicity/logicality

The nouns logicalness, logicity and logicality are all related to the noun logic. Is there a grammatical term that describes these "-ness", "-ity" ... words? Are these actual ...
Mew's user avatar
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1 answer
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Term for adverb not formed with -ly

Is there a term for adverbs that are adverb-only words, not adverbs constructed by modifying an adjective? In other words, in English adverbs can be created by adding -ly to an adjective, so for ...
Emma Dash's user avatar
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1 vote
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Is "vest" the root of "invest"? [closed]

From this link it's somewhat likely that "invest" can be broken down to "in"+"vest". But does that make sense? In that case, which type of derivational morpheme is "...
longtry's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers
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Are there any class-changing prefixes in English?

Whenever I do a Google search about affixes, I find information like 'Prefixes usually do not change the class of the base word, but suffixes usually do change the class of the word' (UEfAP). As I ...
Alim Karaçay's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
259 views

Do prefixes change the prounciation of stem?

I know some words which have suffixes and these suffixes change the pronunciation of the stem. For example sociopath sociopathy (you can check the pronunciations and you will realize that there are a ...
Alim Karaçay's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
378 views

What is the correct term for all the forms and derivatives of a root word?

I want to make a comprehensive word list, and I want to refer to that list using the accurate terminology. In my list I want all the forms, extensions, derivatives, etc of each word. I am using the ...
Eric's user avatar
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2 answers
1k views

Is assistancy a word? If not, what's a better alternative?

Today, I wanted to discuss a role I had as a research assistant at a university. I had discussed it using language like "During my research assistancy, I did xyz" or "I had this ...
Drake P's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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Is there an adjectival form of "alliance"?

Here's an example which demonstrates the similarity I'm looking for: "There is a corporation of pilots conducting operations outside of their corporate airspace.". Now, if there is instead ...
Sean Pianka's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
158 views

Is there a term for "meltable"? [duplicate]

Full disclosure, I'm kind of dumb so bear with me. I've only googled a dozen or so thesauruses but I came up with nothing for things that are "meltable". I mean, is meltable even a word? Has ...
Cletus Kasady's user avatar
0 votes
3 answers
391 views

What is the corresponding adjective derived from the verb "misuse"? [closed]

From the word abuse we can derive the adjective abusive by adding the suffix -ive. Can we form an adjective starting from misuse? If so, what is the adjectival form of the word misuse? Is it misusive? ...
user15402571's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
73 views

What is the relational antonym for the word mentioner?

Just like the relationship between employer and employee, what is the word for the receiving side of a mention? An example of a sentence: The mentioner mentions the mentionnee, but mentionnee is not a ...
shinzou's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
761 views

Is combustant a word?

I am trying to pin down the definition of the word combustant, but I can't seem to find anything. Almost all dictionaries are giving me the definition for combustion. If I search with a strict filter, ...
user96551's user avatar
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17 votes
4 answers
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Why can’t I turn “fast-paced” into a quality noun by adding the “‑ness” suffix?

I needed to write a word that expressed the quality of being fast-paced. "Fast-pacedness" sounded off and I looked the dictionaries up. Collins is my favourite one. Webster I use when I need ...
Otter's user avatar
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17 votes
3 answers
3k views

Can "believed" ever be an adjective?

The ti­tle ex­plains it all. I had an ar­gu­ment with my English teacher; she gave us a task to con­vert nouns to their cor­re­spond­ing ad­jec­tives and verbs. She gave us be­lief as the noun and ...
DarQ's user avatar
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1 answer
206 views

Why do some words containing a form of “philia” have it at the beginning and some have it at the end?

There are words like “philosophy”, “philology”, “philanthropy”; these have a form of “philia” at the beginning. Why don't these words have it at the end? Also, there are words like “haemophilia”, “...
matj1's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
33 views

A toned down term to replace "orthodoxy" in sociology of art

I think this community could help me a lot. In sociology of culture the term orthodoxy refers to ideas held by most and imposed by cultural institutions, so that the "doxa", or opinion, is ...
Fla Brites's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
2k views

Is "hardwork" a valid word?

I came across this word in an English test, where "hardwork" was marked as the 'correct' answer for a question. I know of the adjective hardworking, but I thought "hardwork" was ...
Hippo's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
440 views

Is “evictable” an acceptable adjectival form of ‘evict’? [closed]

Is it correct to use "evictable" as an adjective for something that can be evicted? I plan to use the term in computer science context as an adjective on a cache whose entries can be evicted ...
Pio's user avatar
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0 answers
213 views

Terminology and the morphology of 'librarian'

I was hoping someone could help me out with a terminology question. What is it called when you remove a letter to add a derivational bound morpheme to a free morpheme (i.e. library + -ian = librar(y)...
user152022's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
120 views

Why doesn’t the verb “read” have a corresponding noun form suffixed with “‑tion/‑ion/‑sion”?

Why there isn’t a ‑tion/‑ion/‑sion derived form for the verb read verb, such as for example the non-existent ✼readation or ✼readition? Example with an ‑tion form: exsanguination disobstruction ...
Kaspars Siricenko's user avatar
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0 answers
16 views

Is there any way, I can get to the brief history of any words or phrases?

It's hard to remember the word until I get to the history or until I feel the word. I'm wondering any apps or sites to help me out with this.
Harshit's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
164 views

A single word for turning something Italian?

I’m looking for an equivalent to “Anglicize”, essentially, but “Italicize” has an existing definition that seems to refer exclusively to typefaces, which complicates things. For instance, it sounds ...
nemesi5's user avatar
  • 61
0 votes
2 answers
339 views

Are morphemes commonly found at the end of words considered suffixes?

Are morphemes commonly found at the end of words considered suffixes? For example: "erate", found at the end of words like accelerate, operate, refrigerate, considerate, nonliterate, etc. I ...
A. Kvåle's user avatar
  • 2,147
4 votes
1 answer
374 views

Why some words ending in -ke become -cable (and/or -cative), while others become -kable (or -keable)

Today I learnt that revoke + able would make revocable. What's the reasoning for this? Are there any other examples like this?
Nae's user avatar
  • 231
4 votes
1 answer
127 views

What would be the adjectival form of the word "sonata"?

Richard Wagner, it is said, looked down on "sonata form" as being too constraining. Roughly speaking, he objected to the long music passages with unchanging rhythm, with repeating cadences, ...
Ricky's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
750 views

Why word "weighten" aren't actually a valid word?

There's bunch of words with -en form of word like height-heighten, bright-brighten and others, but weight-weighten aren't valid pair. Is there any reasons, why is it like that? Is there any rule for ...
Sugar's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
56 views

The installer of an installer

This is probably one of many questions brought forward by this computing age; but what can I call a person who installs an installer? I was thinking installee, which isn't a word given we already had ...
Hashbrown's user avatar
  • 205
2 votes
1 answer
143 views

What's the adjectival form of "evangelist"?

I have a question about how to write the following: 1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, and Titus are commonly known as the "pastoral epistles" because they're allegedly written to pastors. However, the ...
The Editor's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
511 views

employ, employer, employee - can I generalize this pattern to (verb), (verb)er, (verb)ee? [duplicate]

As a non-native speaking programmer, I need a general pattern to name input and output variables of operations where the variables are of the same type and I noticed that employ, employer employee is ...
Konrad Höffner's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
522 views

Voiceless noun endings with voiced verb endings

We can use that idea. That idea has no conceivable use. It is necessary to house these students. The will reside in that house. I cannot prove that. I have no proof. I can breathe. Every breath I take ...
Michael Hardy's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
84 views

Nominal form or adjectival form?

Given that the adjectival form of wood is wooden, why has wood been used instead of wooden in the following sentence? It is a spacious house with wood floor.
Shorecoral's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
12k views

Is "strategization" a word, or is there something more correct/appropriate?

Is strategization a word? As in: We noticed flaws in their accounting department so the project will include a QuickBooks strategization. [EDIT] As @tchrist points out, this isn't the best ...
BBaysinger's user avatar
-1 votes
3 answers
189 views

What noun do we have that means 'offendableness' or 'offendability' (tendency) or that means 'offendedness' (state)?

I found only one relevant response at What is the word for the state of being offended? Any others? "Offendedness is good enough for Salman Rushdie (www.salon.com) – Spagirl Aug 31 '17 at 13:...
Millard J Melnyk's user avatar
10 votes
2 answers
392 views

How did the meaning of "consultant" shift from asker to askee?

Reading a different question about the opposite of the word consultant made we wonder why the word shifted semantically from the asker to the person who answers? From Etymonline: consultant (n.) ...
David M's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
50 views

Adjectival form of "phyllid?"

What's the word that relates to "phyllid" like "foliate" relates to "foliage?" Phyllid: A leaf-like extension of the stem in Bryophytes https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glossary_of_botanical_terms#...
Eriek's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
1k views

Add -al to verb to make a noun

Do you have any examples of nouns that are formed by adding -al to a verb? I can think of one example (rental), but would like to have a few more. Thank you for your help!
Andrea's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
62 views

What is the name of this type of adjective?

Okay, I've been wondering this for a while. There's a specific type of adjective, and it seems to me that it should have a name, but I'm not sure if it does. It's the class of adjectives that can be ...
Eric's user avatar
  • 19
2 votes
0 answers
172 views

Confused by when to use -ent and -ence (e.g innocent, innocence, eloquent, eloquence, patient, patience ...etc) [closed]

Is there a rule or guideline that can help to know the right tense to use at any given situation? I'm currently learning by memorising phrases like Be Patient, Have patience but it is limiting.
Organic Heart's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
196 views

Adjectival form for "made out of energy" [closed]

I need an adjective that can be made to describe the quality of a structure being made out energy. The term "energetic" I find mainly defined as something that is "abundant in energy", while the way ...
Mayavin's user avatar
  • 49
4 votes
1 answer
525 views

Why can "dispute" be both verb and noun, but "refute" only a verb?

The word dispute be used as a verb or a noun: Do not dispute me on this. The dispute was settled quickly. However, the word refute can be used only as a verb: I shall refute this claim. The only ...
user3163495's user avatar