Questions tagged [demonyms]

names of inhabitants or citizens

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What is the equivalent of a demonym, but for organizations?

For example, the demonym of 'Mexico' is 'Mexican'. What do you call the equivalent for people who are part of an organization? And do any rules apply in the formation of the name? E.g. Reddit -> ...
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5 votes
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What is the demonym for a person from Gouda?

In Dutch the demonym for a person from Gouda is Gouwenaar. What is the demonym for that person in English?
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Why does the demonym "Canadian" appear irregular?

In particular - Given that people from America are Americans, why are people from Canada not *Canadans? I'm in search of a historical and etymological answer, addressing questions such as the date and ...
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Is "place name + er" ("New Yorker") a productive morpheme? [closed]

I know a handful of cities whose denizens can be called "city+er", e.g. Londoner. But is this construction still in active use today and can new demonyms be formed by it?
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Prior to the 20th century, what was the noun for an individual person from a country whose demonym ends in '-ese'?

As a Redditor pointed out, using a demonym that ends in '-ese' as a noun sounds incorrect or at least awkward (especially a singular noun--someone on the thread writes, 'For example you could say “I ...
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28 votes
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Was the word that is now considered a slur against Japanese people ever considered simply a standard, neutral demonym?

It seems the word 'Jap' could have formed along the same lines as 'Finn' (for Finland) and 'Swede' (for Sweden). Perhaps it became more emotively charged during the war?
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Is it okay to turn adjective into a noun? [duplicate]

I am a chinese. I am a caucasian. I am an asian. I am a spaniard. I am a vulcan/vulcanee? Is there such things? By the way this question is in using adjectives as noun in general and not bound to ...
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Person from xxxia: xxxian or xxxitan? [closed]

Algeria, Algerian. Bolivia, Bolivian. Canadia, Canadian, just to emphasize the preference for -ian. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Category:English_words_suffixed_with_-ian has 2,269 entries, while ...
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4 votes
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Suffix for an adherent with person's name as root

We can refer to a particular method devised by Newton as the "Newtonian method" or a distribution attributed to Laplace might be referred to as the "Laplacian Distribution". Some colleagues were ...
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Is sentence "I am a Chinese" correct?

I read from an article about this confusing sentence. since Chinese is both adj and noun,I suppose "I am a Chinese" is grammatically correct just like "I am an American"? Do native speakers prefer ...
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Does the adjective "Arabian" refer to the people or to the location? [duplicate]

Arab and Arabian are both related to people: He is an Arab. He is an Arabian. Which is used for the location of a country? Egypt is an Arab country. Egypt is an Arabian country.
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What is the demonym of "Chaco"? [closed]

How can I say the demonym of "Chaco"? In Spanish it is "chaqueño", but I don't know what the correct word is in English.
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A citizen of eSwatini

eSwatini (officially the Kingdom of eSwatini) is the new name of Swaziland. What should one call a citizen of eSwatini in English? A citizen of eSwatini is called a[n] _____. I can think of the ...
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Why is it "Rhine", but "Rhenish"?

Being a native German speaker, I just came across the word "Rhenish" (as a translation of German "rheinisch", belonging to the Rhine). I am a bit confused about this, and am at a loss for the proper "...
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How to translate Portuguese demonyms containing gender?

I can say "Brazilian company" (empresa brasileira, in Portuguese) for a company in Brazil. If the company resides in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais, in Portuguese we say "empresa mineira", or for ...
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City name without demonym in "Belgrade journal Philosophia"

The apparent peculiarity of the phrase mentioned in the title is that the city name itself is used at the beginning of the phrase instead of its demonym Belgradian. Is there a rule of English grammar ...
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Would it be i-Kiribati or I-Kiribati? [closed]

So the demonym of Kiribati is "i-Kiribati". Apart from being cool, what is the correct way of writing this? Would it be a capital "I" all the time? eg. "I'm an I-Kiribati" or would it be a small "i" ...
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What does the noun "Hawaiian" really mean in English? [closed]

Headlines this morning (Saturday 1/13/2018) proclaimed that "Hawaiians woke up to emergency alerts" on mobile phones that a missile strike might be incoming. But no local news source here in Hawaii ...
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Why is "man" in "Snowman" pronounced differently than in "Frenchman" or "Englishman"?

It seems that in the words Englishman, Frenchman, and Scotsman, the ‑man part is pronounced /mən/ (just like in Roman). Whereas in snowman, the ‑man part is pronounced /mæn/ (just like in no man). ...
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Why the French, but the Greeks?

Why do we say the French to refer to the French people collectively, while we say the Greeks, the Russians, the Jews? Why the Chinese, but the Tibetans and the Germans? Why are some such nouns ...
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Is 'Japanese' in 'the Japanese' (people from Japan collectively) a noun or an adjective?

Oxford Dictionaries classify 'Japanese' in 'the Japanese,' meaning people from Japan collectively, as a noun although some people I consulted insist it is an adjective. They base it on the examples '...
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Is calling someone who resides in the country of India an "Indian" considered a racist slur? [closed]

This morning as I'm sure we all have, I was called by "Microsoft Tech Support". I wasted a half hour of their time saying I couldn't log in before they hung up. Later I had told my Dad, as he asked ...
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7 votes
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Can I say "A Chinese" in English?

I can say "An American" or "A Frenchman", however, can I say "A Chinese" like that? Does it sound weird?
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What would a "Down Under" citizen be called? [closed]

Today is the 26th of January, it is Australia Day. My question is about its nickname Down Under and derivatives. Q. If you had to, what would you call the citizen of a country called “Down Under”? ...
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Equivalent of Spaniard for other nationalities

In English, the term for a person of Spanish descent is (at least traditionally) a Spaniard. Its etymology is, as far as I can tell, pretty unique among modern words: c. 1400, from Old French ...
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2 votes
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Austro-Hungarian or Austrian-Hungarian?

While reading on the Austro-Hungarian rule in Bosnia and Herzegovina in Wikipedia: Their goals, however, were no obstacle to economic cooperation with the Austrian-Hungarian authorities [...] ...
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History and English demonyms

A friend of mine told me English demonyms, words that identify people from a particular place (Roman, Japanese, Dutch etc.), largely depend upon the historical period in which the term originates. ...
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1 answer
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Why is there a V in "Peruvian"?

I wasn't aware of any other demonyms that add a V, except the unofficial Whovian (a fan of Doctor Who). This Wikipedia page turned up a few more more: Barrow-in-Furness → Barrovian Oamaru → ...
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1 vote
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What should I call a person from New Zealand?

The question “They are Australian” vs “They are Australians” on English Language Learners made me think of what people from New Zealand should be called. With Australian people it's quite clear, you ...
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Demonyms - When a place ends on an "s" sound, why are its inhabitants sometimes spelled with a "t"? (e.g. Mars - Martian)

I am not natively English speaking and I was wondering about this spelling when I saw the title of the movie "The Martian". This pattern also seems to apply to other things ending on an "s" sound, ...
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What do you call someone from the Sun?

Is there a proper word that can be used to refer to someone (some living/sentient entity) that originates from the Sun? I'm guessing "solar" would not be the proper word for this.
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4 votes
3 answers
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British and Canadian but not Coloradan?

In the May 11 issue of this year's New Yorker, the ever-excellent Atul Gawande wrote (emphasis mine): Among those which caught my eye: a British case report on the first 3-D-printed hip implanted ...
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What's the origin of the demonym Thai?

I was curious why we called people from Thailand "Thai" and those from Taiwan "Taiwanese." The latter by itself is a bit less surprising, though. See also: Are there any rules governing what we call ...
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Adjectives that Imply Nouns [closed]

Often we may see adjectives with nouns that are implied, but not explicitly written. I see this mostly with sports team names and demonyms. For example: The Notre Dame Fighting Irish Is "Irish" a ...
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What is the demonym for a citizen of Niger?

If a citizen of Nigeria is a Nigerian, what is a citizen of Niger referred to as? The Wikipedia article on Niger and the online Oxford Learner’s Dictionaries say that the proper term is Nigerien, as ...
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United Kingdom's three-name-cities; is there a generic way to write them?

There are city names in the United Kingdom like "Stratford-upon-Avon" or "Newcastle upon Tyne". Then, I wonder: is there any general rule on how they should be written? Case: In general, I see the ...
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Are there any universal rules in appropriating “_an,” “_sh,” “_es,” “_ch” for the demonyms of countries? [duplicate]

Suffixes indicating people and language of country vary by country: _an: American, German, Italian, Belgian, Australian, Russian, Ukrainian, Korean, Mexican, Brazilian, Chilean, Argentinean, ...
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Why can we say 'an American' but not 'a British'?

I am confused with the use of an indefinite article in front of British or Chinese. To my understanding, we can place an indefinite article in front of any “countable noun”. So, we can say a cup and ...
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Adjective of proper noun containing "and"

A person from The Turks and Caicus Islands is known as what? Likewise with Trinidad and Tobago, St Kitts and Nevis, São Tomé and Principé, and Bosnia and Herzegovina. http://www.un.org/en/members/ I'...
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Does one capitalize “Portuguese” when used in a hyphenated adjective? [closed]

When Portuguese is used as part of a hyphenated adjective, does it take an initial capital letter? Just checking on this while proofreading an article. Examples: portuguese-speaking college ...
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-1 votes
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Is the word language in this context a proper noun?

My phrase is "Spanish language TV spend" with respect to advertising on Spanish language TV ads. In this context, should the l in language be capitalized?
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How to unambiguously refer to someone from India [duplicate]

One can refer to an American Indian as a Native American, but I cannot come up with an unambiguous term for an Indian from the Indian subcontinent. How can I refer to someone who is from the country ...
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1 answer
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How can I refer to the population of a town keeping the name of the town? [duplicate]

There are words like New Yorkers, Londoners, etc.: (1) they keep the name of the city/town; (2) they refer to the people living in it. How do I fulfill both conditions for a small town called ...
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5 votes
6 answers
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Short, Politically Correct word for Native Americans [closed]

No more than four syllables, more PC than Indians. EDIT: I arbitrarily chose four syllables because any more seemed like a mouthful. I like to be PC and not have to stumble over 6+ syllables.
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Politically correct way to refer to a French individual

What is currently accepted as the proper title for a person from France? Is it still the gender-specific Frenchman/Frenchwoman, or is Frenchperson the new term? (I use French as just an example, ...
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Which is the proper usage: a city name or its demonym?

Which is the correct usage? Oh c'mon New York ... how difficult is it to stay in your traffic lane? or Oh c'mon New Yorkers ... how difficult is it to stay in your traffic lane?
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7 votes
4 answers
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Are there any terms equivalent to 'Americana' for other cultures?

Given the available definition of Americana as pertaining to "artifacts, or a collection of artifacts, related to the history, geography, folklore and cultural heritage of the United States", are ...
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11 votes
6 answers
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Why don't Americans refer to Indians (and others from the subcontinent) as Asians?

I know there is a related question here, but I am not seeing an answer to "Why is there a difference?" Merely that an explanation of what is used in each country. I am a speaker of American English, ...
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1 answer
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What is the correct way to form a demonym from an acronym?

For instance, what is the equivalent of New Yorker when using the acronym (NY or N.Y. instead of New York)?
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"I'm Spanish" or "I'm a Spanish"?

Which one is correct? I am quite sure about "I'm Spanish", but is it wrong if I add an "a" before "Spanish"?
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