Questions tagged [complements]

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1answer
347 views

Important to learn is this stuff

This song is fun to sing. This pizza is too hot to eat. Is the infinitive there considered a complement of the predicate adjective?
2
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1answer
684 views

“Find” as a transitive verb

I know that in this example I find it quite hard to do something the verb "to find" must be followed by the pronoun "it". But what if I say One thing I found "it" to get used to doing is… ...
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2answers
1k views

Are these interrogatives subjects or complements for verbs?

[a] Which is the best choice for the blank? [b] What's the best choice you have made? (TED) Which are the subjects in above respectively? It seems like which in [a] and what in [b] are subjects. ...
2
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1answer
48 views

How to understand the “of somebody” part

It is recounted of Thomas Carlyle that when he heard of the illness of his friend, Henry Taylor, he went off immediately to visit him, carrying with him in his pocket what remained of a bottle of ...
2
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1answer
60 views

CaGEL equivalent to obligatory adverbial?

When I learnt grammar in school, I was taught that there are optional and obligatory adverbials. Trying to understand grammar in the form presented by Huddleston and Pullum (e.g. the Cambridge Grammar ...
2
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1answer
204 views

The exit to or exit from a place?

New York Times article about restuarant employees blocking patrons from leaving the building: One of the arresting officers, Anthony Sengco, wrote in his criminal complaint that he observed Dr. ...
2
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1answer
78 views

'Out to get me.'

"He was out to get me." 'Out' is not a verb, so 'He was out' looks like subject/linking verb/PA, except that quite plainly 'out to get me' carries the full meaning, because 'He was out' on its own ...
2
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3answers
2k views

Object complement adjective, or direct object, or?

Jill painted the kitchen rosey red. In this sentence, would red be considered an object complement adjective? If so, what do I do with rosey, since I cannot have an adjective modifying another ...
2
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0answers
494 views

Are copulars considered linking, helping, or auxiliaries?

I'm having a hard time understanding why most people consider the infinitive to be and all of its verb base forms helping verbs. I've consulted multiple English grammar sites and forums, and most of ...
2
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1answer
83 views

I am confused with usage about 'the' and object complement

Is the sentence as below correct in grammar? And is it clear enough? Please copy & paste keyword, mykeyword, into the search box of Google Play Store app or website to locate this pure app ...
2
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1answer
400 views

What is the grammar structure? “I am not going to stand here watching you do it”?

Is this sentence correct? I am not going to stand here watching you do it. I saw it in an article. If it is - and I think it is - why is "watching" a gerund? What is the grammar structure? Is it a ...
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4answers
3k views

Non-finite Adjectival Clause or Adverbial Clause

I came across the following grammatical terms and example sentences on Wikipedia: As an adjectival phrase modifying a noun phrase that is the object of a verb, provided the verb admits this ...
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2answers
101 views

Indirect complement or postmodifier in NP

In the sentence [1] He is the most talented artist (that) I know what is (that) I know in terms of function – an indirect complement, licensed by most, or simply a common postmodifier? Why? ...
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2answers
895 views

What does refering to someone as a “garden shed” mean? [closed]

http://youtu.be/a9GgU3hzGGw?t=1m54s In the following video, a talk host watches an acting performance, and refers to the actor as a "garden shed". I've never heard that expression before. I am also ...
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1answer
739 views

Discontinuous noun phrase and apposition involving object complements

I was wondering whether these uses of discontinuity are valid. Here are two uses I would like to question: The use of discontinuous noun phrase: [1a] He made the system useless that could have ...
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1answer
470 views

Gerund phrase…is it really?

Object of Preposition Some people consider my interest in gardening an obsession. (The gerund phrase is “gardening an obsession.”) As I was searching around for the correct use of gerund ...
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2answers
929 views

In what (semantic) context might “REFUSE” be used with a gerund complement?

I know that, prescriptively speaking, that the verb "refuse" is supposed to be followed by an infinitive. For example: The parents refused to buy the dangerous toy for their kid. Since language ...
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1answer
55 views

The way which you should hold them

The Cambridge Grammar of the english Language, page 224, reads Complements are most often NPs, and conversely NPs are usually complements. Some NPs can occur with adjunct function, but they tend ...
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2answers
95 views

“They reported being told to…” Trying to explain

I have never really thought about this one before, but out of curiosity, is it grammatical to have "being" after the verb "report"? Here is an example: "They reported being told to stay behind the ...
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1answer
90 views

Are these 'that'-clauses complements or adjuncts?

(1) It's a plan [that is being touted as the most modest proposal considered yet in Congress]. Here, the that-clause is a relative clause that modifies the antecedent 'plan', so I believe it's not a ...
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1answer
108 views

“Far from happy” Preposition followed by an adjective?

It occurs me that in such sentences as He is far from happy. However, just as the critics are not of one mind in their criticism, so they are far from united on what to do. the preposition ...
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0answers
49 views

Why aren't degree modifiers complements?

As far as I've been able to figure out, in the CaGEL* framework, complements are items that are licensed by some other element (generally the head), so that if an item has to be licensed, it is per ...
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0answers
49 views

Function of PPs with predicative complements

According to CaGEL* (e.g. p.636 ff), prepositions can take predicative complements, as in [1] She worked as a waitress [2] He passed for dead [3] I took you for granted [4] They left him for ...
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0answers
264 views

Is there such a thing as the “indirect complement” of a noun?

CaGEL* explains the concept of "indirect complements" on page 443 as follows: If it's the complement of a noun, be it direct or indirect, it's part of a noun phrase (NP) headed by the noun, right? So,...
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0answers
114 views

syntactic analysis of a phrase with FROM…TO

In the sentence Everything we do, from eating and ice cream to crossing the Atlantic and from baking a loaf to writing a novel, involves the use of coal, directly or indirectly. I can't come ...
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0answers
62 views

Is “with Trevor” in “dined with Trevor” adjunct or complement?

We dined with Trevor the following Monday. I'm doing a test to figure out whether the constituent "with Trevor" is an adjunct or complement to the verb "dine". It is called the "did so" test as some ...
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2answers
60 views

'I suppose the country can only properly be given to a child – as from birth it was given to me.' Does this sentence make sense?

In The Firstborn, British author Laurie LEE, famous for his autobiographical novel Cider with Rosie, wrote – about his newborn daughter Jessy: I suppose the country can only properly be given to a ...
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1answer
231 views

Direct Object or Complement or Something else [duplicate]

She failed to respond. She wanted to smile. She decided to return. She preferred to travel by train. She managed to save a little money. Are the infinitival clauses complements or direct objects in ...
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2answers
2k views

Is 'that-clause' an adverbial clause or a complement clause?

"I’m glad that we’ve won the match." An English-Korean dictionary says that-clause above is an adverbial clause. However, from the definition for complement by Oxford - “one or more words, phrases, ...
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1answer
271 views

Is the definite/indefinite article a complement or a modifier of a noun?

The definite/indefinite article -- the/a(n) -- always comes before a noun and can never be used without a noun. Is the definite/indefinite article a complement or a modifier of a noun?
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3answers
205 views

What exactly falls under the label of “complement”?

There seems to be a lot of contradicting beliefs out there regarding complements and what they cover -- or maybe I am just confusing myself. However, I cannot seem to find an answer that I understand. ...
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1answer
137 views

not followed by to or ing

Take a look at this sentences: 1 I usually try not BE so rude. 2 I usually try not TO be so rude. 3 I usually try not BEING so rude . 4 All I need is TAKE a rest . 5 All I need is TO take a ...
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1answer
31 views

Mckee believed WAS the Mary Rose Vs Mackee believed TO BE the Mary Rose [duplicate]

In 1967 , Edgerton's side-scan sonar systems revealed a large , unusually shaped object , which Mckee believed WAS the Mary Rose. Shouldn't this be "Mackee believed TO BE the Mary Rose"? Can ...
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1answer
87 views

Complement of “dealer” or “trader”

What is the complement to a "dealer" or "trader" called? Is the person who sells something to or buys something from the dealer a "customer"? Even when he sells something?
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3answers
893 views

What kinds of verbal complement does the verb “request” accept and require? [duplicate]

This verb has me a bit confused. I cannot submit my report personally and therefore have to resort to sending it by post. Now I need a polite way to ask to do this. I request that I send my report ...
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2answers
2k views

In the sentence 'She seems nice', is 'nice' a subject complement, verb complement, or both?

In the sentence below, is nice a subject complement, verb complement, or both? She seems nice. According to this page, it’s a type of verb complement; but it also seems to me to fit with the ...
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1answer
175 views

notion of complement

Liam is very ill. (English Syntax and Argumentation, Bas Aarts) Traditional Grammar says ‘very ill’ as a subject complement. And the book says ‘very ill’ as a complement for verb be. Do I have to ...
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1answer
30 views

Structure after All/What with predicative complement

Possibly didn’t make the subject clear enough. I don’t know if that can be changed? To me, structures of this type should follow what you normally use after the main verb. For instance: All I want ...
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1answer
63 views

Can 'smart home' and similar phrases be adjectives if followed by a noun, or do they become complements? [closed]

I'm having some confusion here as I've been tasked with checking that some texts fit a style guide for work, and it requires that two adjectives directly preceding a noun be hyphenated, e.g. 'well-...
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1answer
9k views

The difference between 'wish I will be' and 'wish to be'

For example: I wish I will be an Engineer. I wish to be an Engineer. is there any difference between the two sentences?
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1answer
446 views

complement vs adjunct [closed]

“Funny, isn’t it,” she said, “how the law can have a soft spot like that? No, someone had seen her in the village at the time Robin went missing, so she wasn’t really a suspect. It was decided ...
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0answers
36 views

How to determine if a complement is a predicative complement or a locative complement?

(1) She is out and will be back in soon. (2) She is out and will be conscious soon. Is out a locative complement in (1) but a predicative complement in (2)? If so, is the distinction between ...
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1answer
88 views

participles as object complements

Can participles or participial phrases serve as object complements in traditional grammar? And are direct objects viewed as a type of complement in traditional grammar? I'd appreciate reference to ...
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3answers
85 views

What is the grammatical topic of this shortening technique?

Extracted from English cloze test: .....these virtual selves exist in the same online spaces that many people use every day. And this is a new and unfamiliar phenomenon that some people might ...
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1answer
55 views

Object or complement with “have”

Take the following sentence: "He has blue eyes" Does "blue eyes" act as an object or a complemet? Would the answer be different in a sentence such as:
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1answer
341 views

Which is the direct object and which is the object complement in this sentence? [duplicate]

I was reading a book on English grammar and it stated that the object complement may also be an adjective. In the sentence "Roger called George heartless", Roger was the subject, called was the verb, ...
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0answers
388 views

“the fact that…” grammatical construction

In the following sentence: The issue is the fact that it is red. What type of grammatical form is "that it is red"? I think that it is some kind of noun clause that functions as an objective ...
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0answers
24 views

lead to vs relocate

I read "lead many companies to relocate in rural areas (1)" This is typo ? We can make a complete sentence " The government leads many companies to relocate in rural areas " I have a doubt that " ...
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1answer
102 views

What is the function of “for more productivity” on this sentence?

rapid population increases drive the search for more productivity. What is the function of "for more productivity"? is it a complement or an adverbial? Thank you!
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1answer
3k views

make it after 3 o'clock

I heard someone say "make it (the meeting) after 3 o'clock." To me, it sounded pretty idiomatic, but I was unsure as to the grammar of it. "After three o'clock" is a prepositional phrase, then how ...