Questions tagged [complements]

For questions about the use of, or meaning of, complements.

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Resultative Complement in English?

I suspect there might be something missing between ‘experience’ and ‘a much’ in the sentence. She has emerged from the experience a much stronger person. Is that grammatically correct? I don’t have ...
tasira's user avatar
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Infinitive objective complement [migrated]

Why do some verbs can have “to infinitive” as object complement? I found him to be marvelous But others cannot: I painted the house blue And why do some verbs can omit the “to” in infinitive but some ...
Gimletful's user avatar
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Do we need to hyphenate the compund noun if it is given as an object complement? [duplicate]

I have a question about hyphenating compound nouns when they function as object complements. For instance, should entertainment oriented be hyphenated in below sentence? Much of the radio programming ...
Mohamed Iliyas's user avatar
1 vote
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132 views

Can verbs of perception have an adjective in the objective complement position?

I know as below. [verbs of perception + object + bare infinitive / present participle / past participle] But I found this sentence. The note was heard loud. Then can verbs of perception have an ...
Eunjin Park's user avatar
15 votes
7 answers
3k views

Is "I gave a hundred dollars to my father, and she did so to her father" grammatical?

Is the following sentence grammatically correct? I gave a hundred dollars to my father, and she did so to her father. To me it sounds perfectly fine. According to the unscientific method of asking ...
alphabet's user avatar
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What is the syntactic role of "to do something" in these sentences?

Take these sentences: I felt he was mean to do that. We'd be stupid to do something like that. I feel like the "to do that" part in them functions differently syntactically than in ...
desmo's user avatar
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verb + object +(to be) p.p? [duplicate]

Can all verbs with to infinitives in the place of the object complement use both the past participle and to be p.p. form when the relationship between the object and the object complement is passive? ...
Eunjin Park's user avatar
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1 answer
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Be ambigious about "which" relative pronoun

I have seen an example referring to "on a par with something" at Cambridge Dictionary: "At this rate, they'll have 600,000 visitors to the exhibition, which will put it on a par with ...
noname18's user avatar
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3 answers
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"It is comfortable to sit on this chair." is not grammatical, but why are similar constructs grammatical or used... ? - 'preparatory it' complements

According to Practical English Usage, 4th ed., Michael Swan (2017), section 'preparatory it', preparatory it is not used with complements. He gives these two examples (section 7 in the screenshot): ...
JoHKa's user avatar
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Complementation according to Quirk et al.: syntactic concept vs. semantic concept

According to the definition of "complementation" in "The Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar", for most linguists complementation is a syntactic concept. However, the definition ...
R.J.'s user avatar
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What's the difference between complementary infinitives and infinitives as object? [duplicate]

Example: I forgot to lock the door. Is "to lock" here a complementary infinitive or just an object?
Marj's user avatar
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To dance oneself

LCD Soundsystem sings about Danc(ing) Yrself clean, Sesame Street's muppets sing about Danc(ing) myself to sleep, Alice Cooper about Danc(ing) yourself to death and on its website the British Royal ...
Contactomorph's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
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How can I best describe the content of the object complement in the sentences below? [duplicate]

I came here after reading that perception verbs should be followed by either a base infinitive or a present participle as in the following examples: I saw the car crash into the barrier. I saw the ...
Damian Eastwood's user avatar
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As if as though

I am having a problem identifing which gramatical function as if (as though, like) has As far as I know After linking verbs, we have noun/ noun phrase/ noun clause and adjective/ adjective phrase ...
Htlioliat31's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
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Is 'there' a locative complement in this example?

[1] He was the only one there. In this sentence, 'the only one there' is an example of a predicative complement (subject complement), a predicative nominal. However, inside this noun phrase, we have ...
MJ Ada's user avatar
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To help and gerund clauses

I've reached an impasse with my girlfriend (both non-native speakers) about this sentence she used: Maybe we didn't have enough of it for it to become routine again and help measuring time To me, ...
Radu's user avatar
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1 answer
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How to analyze e.g., "The man had trouble finding shoes to fit"

In a sentence like "The man had trouble finding shoes to fit," how might "had trouble finding shoes to fit" be analyzed? Is this like a direct object ("trouble") and ...
MYin's user avatar
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What is the constituent type of 'laugh' in 'I saw her laugh'?

Could someone explain to me the constituent type of “laugh” as in “I saw her laugh”? Best with an X-bar graph. I know it's a lot of trouble. You don't have to draw the whole thing, a simplified ...
Jenny's user avatar
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Does the sentence "I need you to make these calls for me" contain an object complement?

I'm currently working on my paper and predicative constructions confuse me so much. The book I use tells that object complements can follow the verbs of wish & intention, but there was no word ...
Sasha Smetana's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
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Indirect complement or extraposed subject?

Is the content clause ('that she saw him commit the crime') in the following sentence an extraposed subject or an indirect complement* licensed by 'so'? It just so happens that she saw him commit the ...
Eric's user avatar
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agreement of the subject complement with the subject [duplicate]

A colleague of mine asked me, "Can we say 'My favorite food is hamburgers.'" I said of course it is correct. But she said a native speaker says it is wrong. It should be "My favorite ...
Louis Liu's user avatar
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On the arguments of 'put'

I have noticed that the verb 'put' usually takes a direct object and a (typically) prepositional, non-core complement, as in: He put the book on the shelf Sometimes, the prepositional complement is ...
Eric's user avatar
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What is the difference between a predicate nominative/predicate adjectives and a subject complement?

For example, the sentence "John was a policeman" or "Ben was angry." Both describe the subject, so I'd call them subject complements. But they could also be a predicate nominative ...
warasdf's user avatar
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Omissibility of "to be" before Noun or Adjective [duplicate]

I have heard that cognitive verbs such as 'think, believe, consider, suppose, understand, imagine...etc.' should use 'to be + noun' or 'to be + adjective' in the object complement. She believed him ...
hero yoo's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
154 views

Structure and usage of the construction - BE of

I have seen various sentences like this: The availability of two reasonably complete mammalian genomes is of great help to gene finders. - The New York Times I do my utmost to dress the actors very ...
Man_From_India's user avatar
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Noun adjuncts or complements? [duplicate]

I asked a question regarding PP complements the other day and I believe I now have a better handle on that. But I am still scratching my head over this paragraph from CGEL: Within the category of ...
Eddie Kal's user avatar
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Multi-layer prepositional phrase

I am having trouble picturing the structure of this preposition phrase from the point of view of generative syntax (PP) My attempt to run it down goes like this: from (preposition) + the point of ...
Eddie Kal's user avatar
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1 vote
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How can I tell if a prepositional phrase is a complement to a noun or a modifier? And how are these two different?

In the NP "mines in wartime", "in wartime" modifies the head "mines". that nice tall man from Canada whom you met "from Canada" modifies "man". But ...
Eddie Kal's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
603 views

Grammar rule: ONE sentence; ONE subject, ONE predicate. Is it?

I just watched a video on grammar (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Drv6jD8xWdw) that states that English sentences can only have one subject. At first, I thought it was obvious, but then I thought of ...
Pablo GM's user avatar
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Preparatory it; not possible for complements

I was reading Practical English Usage, by Michael Swan and got into something that has got me deeply confused. It basically says that preparatory it can be used as a preparatory subject or object, but ...
Pablo GM's user avatar
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predicative complement vs predicative adjunct

The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language (Page 250) has this passage: Here, Od is Direct Object, and Oi is Indirect Object. It seems that CGEL is saying that almost raw in [i-ii] and fiendishly ...
JK2's user avatar
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What are the subjects, objects, complements and gerunds in this sentence?

As with most great avant artists, it’s easier to describe how Arca makes you feel than what it is, exactly, she makes. Just wanted clarification on a few things. What is the first part of the ...
x30's user avatar
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2 answers
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Was this subject complement diagrammed correctly?

The sentence is the following. I'm focusing on the part in bold: Feeding the goats is messy and time consuming. It's in this book. The author provides the following diagram: And I think it should ...
mjfneto's user avatar
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1 answer
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What are the objects and indirect objects in this sentence (if any)

The storage making your home work harder. It's from a furniture advertisement, and I was just wondering how to dissect the complements here. Is it that storage is the subject, making is the verb, ...
x30's user avatar
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3 answers
274 views

That-clause in "it seems that"

Is the that-clause in the following sentence a predicative complement or a displaced subject with it being the dummy subject? It seemed that he was correct. My understanding is that if the that-...
Gestaltfilter's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
72 views

What is the nature of That-complementizer here?

It was in 1945 that World World 2 ended. I think that is a complementizer, but I'm not sure of the nature of this complement. By nature I mean the part of speech of the complement clause and to what ...
Joe's user avatar
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1 answer
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Which of the following sentences uses a subject complement? [closed]

What about C, isn't a bit anxious about the test tomorrow also a subject complement following the linking verb am?
jxhyc's user avatar
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Adjective placed before a noun but adjectival complement after it

Page 14 of Practical English Usage reads In some cases an adjective can be put before a noun and its complement after it. This happens with different, similar, the same, next, last, first, second etc;...
GJC's user avatar
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Can a Noun or Noun phrase ever be Secondary Predicate complement or adjunct?

1 She drank the coffee [hot] - adjective The winter froze the Lake [solid]-adjective Sam painted the wall [green] - adjective The boy delivered the package [wet] - adjective She sells them [new] - ...
New Moon's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
220 views

Is it possible to have a "noun or noun phrase" as object/subject complement in "Depictive or Resultative" construction?

A sentence containing ditransitive verb can have two objects. In the ditransitive verbs a subcategory, as it is described in some of the articles, usually called "Attributive ditransitive verbs&...
New Moon's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
49 views

Analyzing the verb “to head”

This is both a usage question and a grammatical analysis question. I am familiar with complex transitive verbs, such as "to place", where one has to have at least one complement, besides the ...
pablodf76's user avatar
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1 answer
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Grammar of sentence "He helps people find happiness"? Object Complement or Indirect object?

He helps people find happiness. Is this an example of an Indirect Object (People) or an Object Complement (find happiness)?
Siddharth's user avatar
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Temporal Participial Phrases

He lay staring into the sky. He came running towards me. He arrived finding nobody there. I have read this by John Lawler but am struggling to put these into one of the five categories he mentioned. ...
Joe's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
407 views

Omitting "by" preposition and the resulted phrase

Consider the following examples: I paid for it by using my credit card. I was in contact with my friends by sending letters. I learned how to dance by watching online videos if I remove the ...
Ramin's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
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Why is "Fufu" in the following sentence object complement rather than direct object? 'I called my pug "Fufu" .'

I called my pug Fufu: subject...object...object complement(Introducing English Grammar, p.93) Yet if I say: I give my pug some water. then pug would be indirect object and some water would be ...
jxhyc's user avatar
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1 answer
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What kind of complementation for "be regarded"?

I'm trying to find where the passive form "be regarded" belongs in terms of transitivity. In the sentence: Only a minority of countries would be regarded as part of the third world. Is the verb would ...
Nel's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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Is an object of a verb a complement of a verb or of a verb phrase (a predicate)?

a. I love you. Here, you is the object of the verb love. It's also a complement, because it completes the meaning of the sentence. Per Wikipedia, complement is defined as: In grammar, a ...
listeneva's user avatar
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1 answer
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Singular or plural of 'type' [duplicate]

I have the following two sentences: In Germany, the most common type are air-water heat pumps, followed by brine-water heat pumps. In this thesis three type(s) of optimization approaches are ...
PeterBe's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
143 views

Is 'the course' a complement or an adjunct in 'Stay the course'?

Stay the course is a fixed expression, but I'd like to know how to analyze the course. At first blush, it seems to be complement of the verb stay. But then, you have a similar-looking example stay ...
listeneva's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
395 views

Is the relative clause always an adjunct/modifier of the antecedent?

The first two sentences mean the same thing, and so do the last two. (1) She's obviously the person to finish the job. (1') She's obviously the person who should finish the job. (2) She was the first ...
JK2's user avatar
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