Questions tagged [complements]

For questions about the use of, or meaning of, complements.

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What distinguishes a predicative complement from an object?

Asked this on ELL but with no answer: What makes be an intransitive verb? How do we know that the analysis of It is me as transitive by tradtional grammars is incorrect? Take for example: 1. I gave ...
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108 views

Structure and usage of the construction - BE of

I have seen various sentences like this: The availability of two reasonably complete mammalian genomes is of great help to gene finders. - The New York Times I do my utmost to dress the actors very ...
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Analyzing the verb “to head”

This is both a usage question and a grammatical analysis question. I am familiar with complex transitive verbs, such as "to place", where one has to have at least one complement, besides the ...
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208 views

Is an object of a verb a complement of a verb or of a verb phrase (a predicate)?

a. I love you. Here, you is the object of the verb love. It's also a complement, because it completes the meaning of the sentence. Per Wikipedia, complement is defined as: In grammar, a ...
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127 views

Is the relative clause always an adjunct/modifier of the antecedent?

The first two sentences mean the same thing, and so do the last two. (1) She's obviously the person to finish the job. (1') She's obviously the person who should finish the job. (2) She was the first ...
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601 views

Is there such a thing as the "indirect complement" of a noun?

CaGEL* explains the concept of "indirect complements" on page 443 as follows: If it's the complement of a noun, be it direct or indirect, it's part of a noun phrase (NP) headed by the noun, right? So,...
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70 views

Is "with Trevor" in "dined with Trevor" adjunct or complement?

We dined with Trevor the following Monday. I'm doing a test to figure out whether the constituent "with Trevor" is an adjunct or complement to the verb "dine". It is called the "did so" test as some ...
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529 views

Are copulars considered linking, helping, or auxiliaries?

I'm having a hard time understanding why most people consider the infinitive to be and all of its verb base forms helping verbs. I've consulted multiple English grammar sites and forums, and most of ...
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95 views

I am confused with usage about 'the' and object complement

Is the sentence as below correct in grammar? And is it clear enough? Please copy & paste keyword, mykeyword, into the search box of Google Play Store app or website to locate this pure app ...
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1answer
448 views

What is the grammar structure? "I am not going to stand here watching you do it"?

Is this sentence correct? I am not going to stand here watching you do it. I saw it in an article. If it is - and I think it is - why is "watching" a gerund? What is the grammar structure? Is it a ...
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agreement of the subject complement with the subject

A colleague of mine asked me, "Can we say 'My favorite food is hamburgers.'" I said of course it is correct. But she said a native speaker says it is wrong. It should be "My favorite ...
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How can I tell if a prepositional phrase is a complement to a noun or a modifier? And how are these two different?

In the NP "mines in wartime", "in wartime" modifies the head "mines". that nice tall man from Canada whom you met "from Canada" modifies "man". But ...
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74 views

predicative complement vs predicative adjunct

The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language (Page 250) has this passage: Here, Od is Direct Object, and Oi is Indirect Object. It seems that CGEL is saying that almost raw in [i-ii] and fiendishly ...
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Was this subject complement diagrammed correctly?

The sentence is the following. I'm focusing on the part in bold: Feeding the goats is messy and time consuming. It's in this book. The author provides the following diagram: And I think it should ...
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54 views

What is the nature of That-complementizer here?

It was in 1945 that World World 2 ended. I think that is a complementizer, but I'm not sure of the nature of this complement. By nature I mean the part of speech of the complement clause and to what ...
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216 views

complement vs adjunct/modifier

In the following noun phrase, is the prepositional phrase from Lloyds complement or adjunct/modifier? even all the preposterous salary from Lloyds that Bill gets The Cambridge Grammar of The ...
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55 views

Why aren't degree modifiers complements?

As far as I've been able to figure out, in the CaGEL* framework, complements are items that are licensed by some other element (generally the head), so that if an item has to be licensed, it is per ...
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65 views

Function of PPs with predicative complements

According to CaGEL* (e.g. p.636 ff), prepositions can take predicative complements, as in [1] She worked as a waitress [2] He passed for dead [3] I took you for granted [4] They left him for ...
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121 views

syntactic analysis of a phrase with FROM...TO

In the sentence Everything we do, from eating and ice cream to crossing the Atlantic and from baking a loaf to writing a novel, involves the use of coal, directly or indirectly. I can't come ...
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472 views

Is a determiner a complement or a modifier of a noun?

The determiner such as the definite/indefinite article can come before a noun. Is the determiner a complement or a modifier of a noun?
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138 views

Is it possible to have a "noun or noun phrase" as object/subject complement in "Depictive or Resultative" construction?

A sentence containing ditransitive verb can have two objects. In the ditransitive verbs a subcategory, as it is described in some of the articles, usually called "Attributive ditransitive verbs&...
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38 views

On the arguments of 'put'

I have noticed that the verb 'put' usually takes a direct object and a (typically) prepositional, non-core complement, as in: He put the book on the shelf Sometimes, the prepositional complement is ...
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32 views

What is the difference between a predicate nominative/predicate adjectives and a subject complement?

For example, the sentence "John was a policeman" or "Ben was angry." Both describe the subject, so I'd call them subject complements. But they could also be a predicate nominative ...
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What are the subjects, objects, complements and gerunds in this sentence?

As with most great avant artists, it’s easier to describe how Arca makes you feel than what it is, exactly, she makes. Just wanted clarification on a few things. What is the first part of the ...
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74 views

Adjective placed before a noun but adjectival complement after it

Page 14 of Practical English Usage reads In some cases an adjective can be put before a noun and its complement after it. This happens with different, similar, the same, next, last, first, second etc;...
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Can a Noun or Noun phrase ever be Secondary Predicate complement or adjunct?

1 She drank the coffee [hot] - adjective The winter froze the Lake [solid]-adjective Sam painted the wall [green] - adjective The boy delivered the package [wet] - adjective She sells them [new] - ...
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564 views

Appositive or Complement?

The way (that) he eats amuses me. I found the way (that) leads out of here. I love ice-cream in the same way (that) I love my mom. 1) The part of speech of the word that is conjunction in ...
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52 views

How to determine if a complement is a predicative complement or a locative complement?

(1) She is out and will be back in soon. (2) She is out and will be conscious soon. Is out a locative complement in (1) but a predicative complement in (2)? If so, is the distinction between the two ...
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511 views

"the fact that...." grammatical construction

In the following sentence: The issue is the fact that it is red. What type of grammatical form is "that it is red"? I think that it is some kind of noun clause that functions as an objective ...
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24 views

lead to vs relocate

I read "lead many companies to relocate in rural areas (1)" This is typo ? We can make a complete sentence " The government leads many companies to relocate in rural areas " I have a doubt that " ...
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350 views

participles as object complements

Can participles or participial phrases serve as object complements in traditional grammar? And are direct objects viewed as a type of complement in traditional grammar? I'd appreciate reference to ...
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112 views

What is the function of "for more productivity" on this sentence?

rapid population increases drive the search for more productivity. What is the function of "for more productivity"? is it a complement or an adverbial? Thank you!
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How to Discern an Asyndetic Coordinate Subject Complement?

". . .to let fall is absolute indifference, absolute contempt;" I think this got maybe discerned an asyndetic coordinate subject complement. May something like He was a moody man, his temper was ...