Questions tagged [citation]

How to cite things in English.

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4
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1answer
2k views

Is there such a thing as a sentence sign?

Many of us are familiar with the section sign (§) and the paragraph sign or pilcrow (¶), but is there a sign, symbol, or mark meant to denote a sentence? Potentially, such a mark could be used for ...
3
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1answer
66 views

“sic” with “explicitly” (and other adverbs)

I was reading a Wikipedia article on Fermat's principle that quoted some older English text, and one bit confused me: The principle of Fermat, although it was assumed by that mathematician on ...
3
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1answer
46 views

If I have a quotation that, within itself, quotes another source, how do I write an in-text citation for the nested quote?

While writing a literary criticism essay on Dostoevsky's Crime and Punishment, I cited another critique that quoted the novel itself. Within the outline I submitted to the teacher, the entire quote ...
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1answer
43 views

Usage of “p.” vs “pp.” to denote two separate pages

I understand that "p." is used for single page references, and "pp." for multipage pages. However, if I'm quoting something from p. 35 and p. 40 from the same book, should I use "p. 35 and p. 40", or "...
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0answers
28 views

Why are sub-subsections of the Irish constitution marked with the degree symbol?

The accepted legal practice when referring to sub-subsections of the Irish constitution is to use the degree symbol to mark sub-subsections. For example, Art 40.3.3°. This convention is not used for ...
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0answers
39 views
0
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1answer
150 views

APA Citation Quote + End of Sentence

How do we correctly (APA style) end a sentence that ends in a quote and requires a citation? The manual explains it as, "a method for doing something (author, year)." or The manual explains it ...
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0answers
45 views

Is it bad to start a sentence with a citation [duplicate]

e.g. [14,6] give 3 and 2.4-approximations for the FVS problem. Also when do you not use numbers from one to ten as worded. e.g. The earliest algorithms had an approximation factor of 16, later ...
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22 views

Preserving Alphabetical Order Within a Citation

I am using MLA format to cite a series of articles for a school paper. All citations are listed alphabetically (Flood --> Gould --> Green -->). However, I am wondering whether or not an article with ...
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0answers
17 views

How to cite a citation thats meant to give context as part of a discussion

How to use citations that are meant to give more historical or just larger context possibly needed for details of certain things, but not The integrality gap of this LP is related to the Erdos Posa ...
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0answers
27 views

APA reference for uppercase word in title of book

I need to complete references for an assignment in APA format, but one of the books has an uppercase word in it and I'm not sure if it should remain uppercase or be changed to lowercase: The SAGE ...
1
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1answer
58 views

Citing Multiple paragraphs MLA

Had a quick question about how I should cite with multiple paragraphs (MLA). Here is how the text appears in the source (The Great Gatsby): 'An Oxford man!' He was incredulous. 'Like hell he is!...
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1answer
158 views

Is there a “see also” parenthetical citation abbreviation?

I am citing a verse from the Bible and attempting to refer to similar-meaning verses in the same parenthetical citation. An example is as follows: “God opposes the proud but gives grace to the ...
3
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1answer
323 views

Footnote and citation at the end of a sentence

According to this, footnote marks should come at the end of the sentence, after the punctuation, like The inner flow is then reflected at this boundary, leading to an oblique expansion shock (also ...
-1
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1answer
27 views

Citations and Commas

How do you write #1? Does #2 need a comma before the word, while or no comma at all? "How is it? Do you like it? she would ask. And that is how we would carry on with our mother/daughter dinners each ...
0
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1answer
36 views

Quotation and Citation

I have a sentence directly copied from a source to a paper. This sentence is cited but not quoted. In this point, it is regarded as plagiarism. Can we say plagiarism for the opposite case: Directly ...
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0answers
31 views

Using 'Ibid' within footnoting A Level

I am currently completing my final piece of A Level coursework for English Literature. I have cited a quote, and then the second quote is from a different place. Wrote out all the relevant details ...
2
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0answers
88 views

Correct way to reference sub bullet list [closed]

d. Include documentation of rating ______ i. Show rating of ______ ii. Include overall ______ 1. Provide relevant documentation ______ In the example above, how would the last 3 ...
0
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2answers
44 views

Sorting and citation of names like “Heather Mac Donald”

English and citation issue: A person, woman, Heather Mac Donald, the Mac part of the family name, right? Is it being used in sorting or would the person be sorted under Donald? In sense of CSL 1.0.1 ...
0
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2answers
24 views

If I use a quote followed by a citation, then a small sentence from the cited material, should I include another citation?

I understand you should always follow a quotation with a citation in academic writing, but how close together can two of the same citations be? Here is the sentence in question: “BitTorrent traffic ...
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5answers
5k views

Is there a symbol out there capable of denoting a chapter in a citation?

When citing like [Source, ch.number], is there a particular symbol that could or should replace the "ch." abbreviation?
1
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1answer
55 views

Citations: How to deal with error in the original text caused by repeated word or misspelling?

I'm reading an article I could potentially use for my thesis, but I've come across several errors already. I'm curious on how to do it if I really had to use the words from the original text. I ...
2
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1answer
122 views

Citations in Chicago Style For Direct Quote and Subsequent Paragraph - Two Citations and “Ibid.,” or One?

I apologize for the political nature of this quote, but this is what I'm working on. I am using the Chicago Manual of Style. I am wondering if, when quoting a comment in a medium-length section that ...
0
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2answers
632 views

Do I italicize or quote the title of a PDF for a citation?

There're literally thousands of conflicting APA styles on the internet, even different universities with different professors using different standards. It's a truly atrocious system that does nothing ...
0
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1answer
36 views

Abbreviations inside in-text citations

I'm using an in-text citation in my paper which is as follows: Our case studies demonstrate that NGET have already provided a wide range of environmental, security, health and safety, and ...
0
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2answers
70 views

Punctuation in a sentence including a quotation and the citation of it

In the following sentence, am I right in thinking that there should be a comma after "that" and a capital "I" in "if"? And then I'm completely foxed as to where the full stop should go in relation to ...
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3answers
92 views

How does one cite a source that one knows only indirectly?

I used a quote in my essay that I got from the rubric for the assignment. How do I cite it? I know it's like citing a handout but who’s the author, the teacher or the person who said the quote (...
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2answers
9k views

Whence “emphasis mine”?

Writers often highlight part of a quotation to emphasize the point they're making. They use a variety of phrases to indicate that the emphasis did not appear in the original text. In order of current ...
0
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2answers
232 views

How to cite critic reviews in-text but as standalone?

Let me explain after trying to Google, I cannot find information on how to quote a review/testimonial from a critic at a publication outside of the main text. The testimonial/reviews are listed at the ...
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0answers
30 views

How do I write (not cite) Bible verses in MLA format?

For in-text MLA citations of the Bible, everything I've seen says to write the following: Saint John tells us that "God so loved the world that he sent his only-begotten Son" (Revised Standard ...
2
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2answers
2k views

How should I shorten a very wordy title? [closed]

I want to mention a very long title which doesn't have a good shortening using one continuous chunk: An account of a method of dividing astronomical and other instruments, by ocular inspection; in ...
3
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3answers
8k views

Should I capitalize a person's last name if their name starts with a lower case letter but it's the first word in the sentence? [duplicate]

I'm trying to cite someone in a paper I'm writing whose name is "[First-name] de Soya". In my field it's common to cite papers using the "et al." style ("In their seminal paper, de Soya et al. […] ...
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1answer
440 views

How do I quote multiple paragraphs? [closed]

I'm writing a rhetorical analysis paper on Grendel and I'm quoting the following: The monster laughs. Time-space cross-section: Wealtheow. Cut A: Do I block quote? I think the paragraph ...
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0answers
39 views

How to cite reset page numbers?

I'm trying to cite a "P.S." section of a book, Green Grass Running Water by Thomas King, but the page numbers just start again from 1 at the start of the P.S. section (i.e. the next page after 430 is ...
0
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2answers
1k views

With a direct quote—placement of a comma separating dependent and independent clauses: inside the close quotation mark or after the citation? [closed]

I have been looking for the answer to this for some time. I get close, but never find the exact answer (or question for that matter). In the following sentence, should the comma fall after "...
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2answers
6k views

Use of “ante” to refer to previous pages in an English text

At work I have seen "ante" being used for referring to previous pages of notes written by staff. For instance, when one has to refer to something on previous note, he/she would write, "Refer ...
0
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1answer
19k views

Do page/author in-text citations go at end of quote or end of sentence? [closed]

I was just arguing with my sister about the placement of a citation after a quote if the quote was not at the end of a sentence. I thought it would be like so: According to me,"the citations go ...
6
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4answers
466 views

Can anyone authenticate the claim that “grungy” was used to mean “envious or jealous” in 1920s slang?

A recent question on EL&U asks "Where did the 1920s slang word "grungy" (meaning "envious") originate, if the modern word "grungy" (meaning "dingy") doesn&#...
0
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1answer
31 views

Can I make minor typographical corrections to a title in citations? [closed]

Let's say I need to cite a website or printed report with the title: Broccoli production in Ruritania, 1990-2010 with a hyphen in "1990-2010." In English typography, though, the standard indicator ...
0
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1answer
3k views

What is the correct way to properly quote and cite a foreign language resource? [closed]

Should I provide my own translation? If so, where? It is important for this particular quote to appear directly: it is the crux of the argument.
0
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1answer
2k views

Indicate my translation in in-text citation [closed]

I hope I'm not repeating this question although I could not find something relevant on this website. I am looking for a way to indicate that a passage from a book is my translation. I'm using in-text ...
1
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0answers
65 views

Citation of Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) in academic writing

I am referring to companies in a certain SIC classification and I am not sure if it's necessary to add a proper citation, when first mentioning the SIC classification, to the "Occupational Safety &...
0
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1answer
55 views

Proper citation style online [closed]

What is the the/a proper citation style when I'm citing something online? The reason I ask is because some styles use underlining, but underlining online should only be used for links. To be clear - ...
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2answers
2k views

In legal citations, why are “see”, “see also”, etc., in italics?

In legal citations, why do people put "see", "see also", "e.g.", etc., in italics? Please don't just say, "because that's the custom." I'd like to know just ...
6
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3answers
12k views

Is “et al.” acceptable for citations with exactly two authors?

I have a bunch of information from a source, but the authors names are particularly long; is it acceptable (in MLA) to use "et al." for exactly two authors, e.g., “The Corpus juris not only ...
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2answers
525 views

When I am quoting something does it need to be incorporated into my own sentence? (Also, should I use an ellipsis?)

I am writing an essay for my English class. At one point I make a statement about the book and end the sentence. Afterwards I've inserted a direct quote from the book on its own. Here's an example: ...
0
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3answers
541 views

Proper punctuation for compound sentence with quote that is a question

How should this be properly punctuated? What is the purpose of human existence, or is it meaningless is the question asked by Juan Valdez in "What do coffee pickers with burros think about all day (...
0
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1answer
40 views

References in a thesis

What does the lowercase letter after the year mean when citing a work in a thesis? When should I add a lowercase letter to a cited author? What are the criteria for using it? Example: Johnson (2000a)
0
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1answer
476 views

apa style - citing nobility

I want to cite a written work by a European (specifically, English) nobelwoman, more specifically, a countess. However, in order to make my question a bit general and to provide a comparison case, ...
1
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1answer
331 views

How to format a parenthetical citation in a parenthetical phrase?

Specifically, in APA style. I'm talking about this, for example: ...where there has been a long history (artefacts have been found (Smith, 2006)) of such matters... Is it okay to have double ...