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Questions tagged [capitalization]

This tag is for questions about the use of capital letters in writing.

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Should "pandemic" be capitalized when referring to "the pandemic"?

Writing about Covid-19, does the noun "pandemic" become capitalized?
C.B.'s user avatar
  • 21
1 vote
1 answer
33 views

Capitalization and Use of Acronyms? [duplicate]

When examining algorithms like the Decision Tree Classifier, should it be capitalized as "Decision Tree Classifier (DTC)" or written in lowercase as "decision tree classifier (DTC)"...
Aunraa's user avatar
  • 11
0 votes
0 answers
29 views

Shortening multi-word proper nouns to one word, kept capitalized [duplicate]

I was reading the Wikipedia article for Joe Arridy and near the bottom it mentions an organization called "Friends of Joe Arridy", and then instead of restating the entire proper noun, it's ...
gator's user avatar
  • 314
0 votes
0 answers
32 views

Capitalized "Kagome" or lowercase "kagome"? [migrated]

I am a non-native English speaker. If I am referring to a Kagome lattice, should I capitalize the leading 'k'? I find the usage of both upper and lower cases is abundant on the Internet.
Mehedi Hasan's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
69 views

gum arabic - capitalized or not?

Should it be gum Arabic or gum arabic in a scientific article? Why? Is there a rule in the Chicago Manual of Style for this case?
Alya's user avatar
  • 11
4 votes
3 answers
2k views

Are names of chemicals not proper nouns?

I notice that people often use "gold" and "diamond" in lower case. Yet as far as I see it these are all "proper names" of an abstract idea and really ought to be ...
Sidharth Ghoshal's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
55 views

Is it ok to start sentences with quotes with lower case when lower case is important for meaning? [closed]

Is it ok to start sentences with quotes with lower case when lower case is important for meaning? For example "hope" (feeling) starts with lower case, but "Hope" (name) starts ...
Ivan Ivanyuk's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
76 views

In the sentence “ "" is used to represent an empty string in programming languages” should we capitalize the “i” in “is”, and why or why not?

In the sentence: "" is used to represent an empty string in programming languages. Should we capitalize i in is, and why or why not?
Ivan Ivanyuk's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
144 views

In a title, do I capitalize "on" in the prepositional phrase "on time"?

The title of my work may well be "Quietly Delivered on Time". Is "on" here just treated as any other preposition, despite it being part and parcel of the prepositional phrase? The ...
parergon's user avatar
  • 105
0 votes
0 answers
96 views

What is proper punctuation & capitalization for the first sentence of a block quotation if only the 2nd half of sentence from the source is included?

Should an ellipsis be used at the beginning of a block quote, in which the first sentence of the multi sentence quote is only quoting half (the 2nd half) of the original quoted sentence? In other ...
blockhead's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
66 views

Should "the" always be capitalised if it is part of a proper name?

In brief, which of the following is correct? Alfred is fighting against a villain known as "The Penguin". Alfred punched the Penguin in the face. or Alfred punched The Penguin in the face....
Flounderer's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
61 views

If a phrase is used as an insult, is it still a nickname and thus requires capitalization? Or is it more like an endearment?

I've perused this site already and found that nicknames are generally capitalized when used in direct address, except in cases where they are terms of endearment (sweetheart, darling, etc.), and even ...
A. Lau's user avatar
  • 1
0 votes
0 answers
21 views

Title case for "The" [duplicate]

If I'm writing a sentence with a media title (book, TV show, movie, etc.), how do I present the word "the"? For example, would I write, "I was watching The Mandalorian," or "I ...
Yehuda's user avatar
  • 111
0 votes
0 answers
52 views

Idioms with prepositions and CMS Capitalization

I am finding the CMS instructions confusing on whether one should capitalize the word under in a title when it is used as an idiom. For example, A Park under Threat.
CEM's user avatar
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21 votes
5 answers
4k views

When someone spells out letters in dialogue, should they be capitalized? "P-L-E-A-S-E" vs. "p-l-e-a-s-e"

I'm not finding the answer to this on the internet after searching. When writing dialogue, do you use capital letters to spell out words? Jamie said, "I said P-L-E-A-S-E please, and don't you ...
Bettey's user avatar
  • 211
0 votes
3 answers
197 views

Can the capital 'Y' be rendered isomorphically? (i.e. as a bigger version as the lowercase one)

I sometimes find videos or educational websites that teach children to write the uppercase Y just like the lowercase one, but in a larger size; just like in this picture here: Is this correct or is ...
Ibrahim Fathy's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
13 views

Correct Capitalisation of Hyphenated English Title [duplicate]

I have a presentation with one of the slides titled Results: limited-data in-the-wild semantic segmentation What would be the correct way to capitalise this title? https://capitalizemytitle.com/...
Mate de Vita's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
121 views

Should the first letter of a thought be capitalized?

Should the first letter of a thought be capitalized? Like for example in this sentence: Birds were chirping cheerful little song but I don’t hear them all I can hear is my thoughts where am I don’t ...
Rylan's user avatar
  • 1
0 votes
1 answer
65 views

East Coaster or east coaster? [duplicate]

When referring to a person or persons, do you capitalize which coast they are from? I’m editing a book and the relevant sentence includes “and the east and west coasters” - I think it’s awkward and ...
Francesca's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
62 views

Definite article, italics/quotations for a document name?

The below text is an extract from a document titled Technical Specification 13 Meter Harbor Tug. Is it sufficient to have the title capitalized or do I need to put it into italics/quotes when ...
Jure Bebic's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
352 views

Tech-related: should I capitalize the word 'Git' in this context or not?

Which one is proper: the one with 'Git' capitalized or the one without? Configure git commit signing. or Configure Git commit signing.
Zoltan King's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
116 views

Proper Noun Capitalization for Type of Thing

I'm writing a report. In the report we refer to program participants as either dedicated or auxiliary. Each has a unique situation in which they enter the program. Since they are a particular type of ...
TechWriterTen's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
66 views

Is "state" capitalized in lieu of the name? [duplicate]

When referring to the "politically organized body of people usually occupying a definite territory" in lieu of the proper name, should state be capitalized? Example: He will liaise with ...
Lumpenproletarier's user avatar
0 votes
3 answers
199 views

Should there be a space after an em dash if the dash is used to cut off the end of a sentence and a new sentence begins afterwards?

Usually an em dash is used without any spaces on either side, especially when the punctuation is in the middle of a sentence. However, how should it be used if it were used at the end, such as when it'...
user483019's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
37 views

Capitalization. How do "-based" suffix behave when used on titles? [duplicate]

I'm writing an academic article title, and, for matter of capitalizations, I would like to know: if "-based" is appended to a word, is "-based" treated as another word and should ...
BsAxUbx5KoQDEpCAqSffwGy554PSah's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
66 views

Should I capitalize a quoted transliteration?

Consider the following: "Saranghe" not only means "I love you," but it also means "Let's be together till we die." In Telugu, "Intiki veltunnava?" means "...
bhuvana ruddarraju's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
40 views

When is a genus name without an initial capital letter acceptable in formal (but not necessarily in a scientific context) English? [duplicate]

In biology, the scientific name of a species (known as the "binomial name" or just the "binomial" or sometimes even just the "binomen") is written as a pair of words in ...
Matthew Christopher Bartsh's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
41 views

Word to describe the case-sensitivity of a word [closed]

This question is very related with software development. I would like to know if there is a word to refer the way that a word is written. For example somebody has written "HasChildren" for a ...
Sergio Prats's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
196 views

Capitalization after an ellipsis beginning a paragraph midway in a multi-paragraph quotation

If midway in a multi-paragraph quotation, a paragraph begins with one or more prior paragraphs omitted, and the line starts mid-sentence with preceding words omitted, is the line capitalized after the ...
Typothalamus's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
407 views

Capitalization rules for shortened / metonymic versions of proper noun building names

If you refer to a building or place ("Westminster Abbey", "Dodger Stadium", "Cedars Hospital", "Library of Alexandria") whose name is a proper noun which ...
aaron's user avatar
  • 111
0 votes
1 answer
126 views

How to write s/he at the beginning of a sentence? [closed]

In a document I want to use the gender form of personal pronouns. But if I use "s/he" at the beginning of a sentence, are both "s" and "h" to be written in capitals? It ...
Peter Strouvelle's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
104 views

Are mixed case like IaC or GoF in acronyms normative or allowed? [duplicate]

In IT (Information Technology) there are a lot of acronyms with mixed case: GoF: Gang of four, the oldest I found. IaC: Infrastructure as Code, very common nowadays I understand the logic behing ...
pdem's user avatar
  • 111
1 vote
1 answer
41 views

Capitalising Abbreviations in Titles

Could you, please, tell me whether it is mandatory to capitalise lowercase abbreviations in titles (e.g., viz., vs., i.e.), or it's completely wrong, or it's just a matter of preference? Kittens vs. ...
Mr realtor's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
31 views

Capitalising minor words in titles [closed]

I once learnt that we do not capitalise minor words in titles (articles, conjunctions (a bit ambiguous), and prepositions (a bit ambiguous, too)). However, I later came up with a question: don't we ...
Mr realtor's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
170 views

Capitalisation of "Führer"

Could you, please, say why we capitalise the not-English word "Führer", which, literally translated into English from German, means "Leader" and is, for some strange reason, used ...
user473457's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
146 views

Is there a word for letters that are shaped the same when capitalized or not?

The letters c/C, o/O, s/S, v/V, w/W, x/X, z/Z Are roughly congruently shaped from uppercase to lowercase. Depending on the font, there can be some serif differences but generally they have much less ...
PhunkyPhil's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
28 views

lowercasing "bibles" when referring to the books as objects [duplicate]

Which of these is the best choice: "He was beaten with bibles." or "He was beaten with Bibles." My take is the lowercase "bibles" is most appropriate because in this case,...
Joey Connick's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
422 views

Should a sound be capitalized or punctuated with "!" in the middle of a sentence?

He ran fast as the wind out of the cave when the rock went "clunk" on his head. I am not sure how to write clunk here. ...went "Clunk!" on his head. ...went "clunk" on ...
bill's user avatar
  • 29
1 vote
0 answers
27 views

English-Language Grammar/English-language Grammar(titles) [duplicate]

I tried to find more rules on correct title hyphenation, but my question hasn't gotten its answer yet. Do we hyphenate the compound adjectives that are not the first adjectives of a compond adjective? ...
Mr realtor's user avatar
10 votes
3 answers
2k views

When quoting poetry, is it appropriate to place [sic] after a lowercase 'I'?

I am quoting one of Rupi Kaur's poems. Kaur purposely writes using all-lowercase letters for the pleasing aesthetic of her poetry. However, this may make it a bit difficult to quote. In one of her ...
Arden's user avatar
  • 153
4 votes
1 answer
86 views

Where to find an authoritative, official and old Reference to the Convention of Capitalization after a Letter Salutation?

Where does the convention to capitalize the body of a letter after the salutation come from and are there any references on the subject giving definitive evidence proving this? Answers should have a ...
michacassola's user avatar
-2 votes
2 answers
112 views

Why isn't a "litmus test" a proper noun? [closed]

A test is a thing, which makes test a noun. A Litmus Test is a specific type of test so why do I never see it capitalized in example sentences. I would think it is a proper noun. What is wrong with my ...
Dave's user avatar
  • 9
0 votes
1 answer
540 views

Should the "F" in "Farmer John" be capitalized mid-sentence?

I'm writing story-generating software. One specific story involves a farmer with a variable name. I'll use "John" as an example. For a "folksy" or "old-timey" or "...
StoneThrow's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
82 views

Capitalisation of "The" in a colloquially abbreviated proper noun [closed]

If you've got a company/venue name with "The" in it, e.g. "The Royal Hotel", you'd always capitalise the "The". Now imagine you colloquially call it "The Royal",...
valoukh's user avatar
  • 121
0 votes
1 answer
365 views

Capitalisation after colon in British English

From the BBC News website: Truss: Ground should have been laid for tax cuts Shouldn't the first letter after the colon be lowercase? According to Grammarly: In British English, the first letter ...
omega's user avatar
  • 31
0 votes
1 answer
53 views

Capitalization of acronyms - maybe there is no definite correctness for all cases?

Is it correct to capitalize the acronym when it is a name? Sometimes it is dubious whether it's a name or a word, for example SQL, ANSI, GNU and more would be considered a name so it should be ...
Niklas Rosencrantz's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
50 views

Starting letter of itemization

Here is an example sentence: "With the help of their company, (1) we will ... And, ... (2) they will ..." There are whole sentences separated with . in (1) and (2). I would like to know if w ...
SoftTimur's user avatar
  • 895
0 votes
1 answer
241 views

"you" with a capital letter

After the death of the Queen, I wrote: I am feeling blue without You. Immediately, I got a word of criticism on the use of capital "y". Well, I was, sort of, addressing a monarch, and ...
Iwona's user avatar
  • 11
2 votes
2 answers
486 views

Why is chess written with a lowercase c whereas the game of Go is written with an uppercase G?

Both chess and Go are board games. Why the inconsistency in their spelling? Here are two example usages with chess and Go: It is sometimes called Western chess or international chess to distinguish ...
nikhilweee's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
2k views

Should "kingdom" be capitalized when used alone to refer to a country whose name has the word in it (e.g., the United Kingdom)?

For instance, if I mention the United Kingdom early in my paragraph and then I want to refer to it as "the kingdom," should I uppercase "kingdom" in this case?
RoseDavie's user avatar
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