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Questions tagged [biology]

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24
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4answers
4k views

Is there a familial term for apples and pears?

The term Citrus Fruit covers oranges, lemons, and grapefruits; all of which are very similar in skin & flesh. Is there a similar term to cover apples and pears (outside of Cockney rhyming slang)? ...
3
votes
1answer
48 views

Classification of species into native or invasive

In conservation efforts, whether a species is native or invasive to a particular area is often of interest. There are also sometimes additional classifications. For example, I'm working with a data ...
0
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0answers
27 views

use of “carrier” for genetically affected individuals

I'm not sure if I'm right here, but i didn't find a more appropriate section. I'm the process of paper drafting and stumbled upon the question, what's the appropriate name for individuals, who are ...
0
votes
2answers
422 views

If an animal is not a predator (e.g. a herbivore), but has nothing that eats it, what is it called? [duplicate]

Most animals I have heard of, such as killer whales, great white sharks, and other apex predators are, well, predators. But what would you call an apex non-predator?
0
votes
1answer
105 views

Interpretation of OR

Consider the sentence, "ribosomes are attached to the outside of the endoplasmic reticulum or nuclear envelope." Interpretation A - "ribosomes are attached to the OUTSIDE of the endoplasmic reticulum ...
0
votes
1answer
213 views

What does “Infertile, Offspring Viable,” mean? How does that work? [closed]

Yesterday I saw the sentence "Infertile, Offspring Viable" What does that even mean? If the parents are infertile, then they can't have produced children in the first place. Does this have a ...
-2
votes
1answer
482 views

Where did the Greeks get their word “bio” from? [closed]

Is it possible that it comes from the junction of the word: "bi" and the Greek letter" "Omega", literally translating to "two of everything"?
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Is there an anatomical word that includes both hands and feet?

I'm looking for a word that fills in the missing blank in the following progression: Arms and legs are collectively called extremities Hands and feet are collectively called _______ Fingers and Toes ...
5
votes
3answers
361 views

What is a scientific term for a “game trail”

I've been trying to find scientific research concerning animals' tendency to adhere to certain worn paths, or "game trails". However, I have found very little and suspect the problem to be that a ...
4
votes
1answer
6k views

What caused bell peppers to be called capsicums in some countries?

I have read this answer on the question "Why is the word “pepper” used for both capsicum (e.g. bell pepper) and piper (e.g. black pepper)?", and it contains some useful etymological information. I've ...
10
votes
1answer
401 views

What were Red Admiral and White Admiral butterflies called before 1627?

The Red Admiral (Vanessa atalanta) and White Admiral (Limenitis camilla) butterfly species cannot have had those common names before 1627, when the English Navy (the predecessor of the Royal Navy) was ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Does “pro-” always precede “pre-” in a sequence? Why?

In biological vocabulary, sometimes both pre- and pro- are used as prefixes to indicate something earlier in a sequence. For example, pro-B cells develop into pre-B cells, which eventually develop ...
5
votes
5answers
413 views

Word that means “automatic gain control” (not homeostasis or equilibrium)?

I'm looking for a word that refers, in biology, to a negative feedback loop similar to automatic gain control. Equilibrium is the state reached when competing forces balance out to a steady state. ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

General technical term that uncontroversially encompasses both bacteria and viruses

We can speak of "microbes" or "micro-organisms," and I used to think that these terms clearly included viruses. And they are used this way by at least some other people; here's a website that refers ...
3
votes
1answer
678 views

Do fish smell or taste blood in water?

Which is the right verb to use? Is smelling as a verb strictly connected with air or what fish do is also called smelling? I ruled out "detect" as it sounds too formal, or is it?
0
votes
1answer
137 views

endophyte studies OR the studies of endophytes?

Which is better to describe research into microorganism, especially fungi: endophyte studies or the study of endophytes?
20
votes
5answers
4k views

How did “lobster” mean two different species?

This live crustacean is called astice in Italian. The one on the right is aragosta. They look very different from one another. The Italian dictionary describes the astice as having a deep (intense) ...
6
votes
4answers
2k views

Why is it a “gene pool”?

Isn't it a bit odd to say that genes belong to or are a part of a "pool"? A pool is normally a body of water, e.g. a swimming pool Wikipedia explains The gene pool is the set of all genes, or ...
-2
votes
1answer
5k views

What is the bone at both sides of the human head called? [closed]

I know the bone at the rear of the human head is occiput, how are those at the sides called?
1
vote
1answer
303 views

Correct spelling for BOD and DO

What is the correct way to spell "biochemical oxygen demand" and "dissolved oxygen" in the middle of a sentence? Should the initial letters be capitalized?
0
votes
4answers
760 views

Why does binomial nomenclature seem to break case rules?

According to the Wiki page for binomial nomenclature, we are supposed to capitalize the first word when naming species regardless of where it occurs in the sentence. To me, this seem very incongruous ...
4
votes
1answer
171 views

Where does “acutilobate” originate from?

I see the claim that acutilobate is a “dictionary-only” word, for example seen in the 1913 Webster’s dictionary. How would a word get into a dictionary that only appears in dictionaries and is not ...
1
vote
2answers
287 views

In which context is “lignicolous” used?

Is lignicolous a word used in a specific context, or is it common to say "that is a lignicolous bug"?