Questions tagged [academic-writing]

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Does it feel odd for native speakers to use too many introductory phrases in academic writing? [closed]

Recently I observed that there are too many introductory phrases in papers writen by non-native spearkers. Here are some examples: Typically, it is xxxx Particularly, it is xxxx In this paper, we ...
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How to say "the health of a system" in a shorter way?

Compound words keep troubling me... I am writing an academic article about detecting the health of a system or a piece of equipment. For example, if a coffee machine works correctly, it means it has a ...
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3 answers
43 views

"close resemblance in/on ..." OR "closely resembling ..." [closed]

I have two quite similar fracture populations and I try to emphasize this in the following sentence. But which of the prepositions/solutions is correct in British English? The baseline ...
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1 answer
30 views

Em dash to introduce a quote

Is it fine to introduce a direct quote with an em dash? I want to briefly summarise a quote, while still giving it in full. Something like: However, Smith (2021) argued that foo can in fact improve ...
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1 answer
51 views

Correct writing of "clinical- and policy-relevant evidence"

I'm struggling with concise writing of the following. None of the sentences "sound" nice. Could you give some guidance? A) There is a need for both clinically and policy-relevant evidence? ...
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1 answer
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Why is the A in "Article" capitalized in legal articles when referring to itself? [closed]

I looked at ten different law articles; when refering to itself, the letter A in Article is capitalized. For example, in the abstract it would say something like: This Article proposes modifying the ...
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1 answer
32 views

Comma needed before "as does"? [closed]

Should I write this without a comma: The evidence from this study suggests that stroke may impose a comparable risk on the survival of older patients as do heart attack due to the close resemblance ...
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0 answers
74 views

Proper Grammar of Degree Abbreviations

I have seen plenty of abbreviation options to write Postgraduate Diploma. Just to mention the easiest finding on the web: "A postgraduate diploma (PgD, PgDip, PGDip, PG Dip., PGD, Dipl. PG, PDE) ...
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an atom vs the atom [duplicate]

In Britannica's Atom term, some general sentences about an atom use "an atom", and others "the atom", why? Sentences with "an atom": The behaviour of an atom is strongly ...
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manifests or manifests itself

The sentence (from University Physics book, the image of full text is attached): The work done by nonconservative forces manifests itself as changes in the internal energy of objects. Can we delete ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
36 views

Let us suppose vs Suppose [closed]

When should we use "Let us suppose", and when "Suppose" in science academic articles? Example 1: Suppose the electric field lines in a region of space are straight lines. or ...
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1 answer
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Which one is more correct for academic writing? List of X users vs X-user list [closed]

I am writing an academic paper and having hard time with language. So which one of the following is most appropriate? List of WhatsApp users WhatsApp-users list WhatsApp user list WhatsApp users' ...
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1 vote
1 answer
53 views

Mentioning a physical unit after a series of values

I have problem deciding which one of the following sentences is correct considering the usage of second(s): Computation times of the proposed algorithms are in the orders of 10^-3 and 10^-4 seconds, ...
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2 answers
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Comma after "perhaps" at the end of the sentence

Which one is correct? I. "This is the worst day in this month, perhaps the worst in my life." II. "This is the worst day in this month. Perhaps the worst in my life." Should we ...
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-3 votes
1 answer
43 views

Is speed a variable? [closed]

This is a legal sentence: London traffic moves at a speed of 11 mph. Why can't we remove "a" and "of"? London traffic moves at speed 11 mph. We may say that "speed" ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Is it common to use 'terminus a quo' in academic writing?

I'm writing an academic paper and I want to replace the word 'starting point' with 'terminus a quo'. I'm not sure if this Latin word is commonly used. I'm trying to make my language more interesting ...
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2 answers
45 views

A first or the first after mentioning general categories

In the following passage: Recent works have tackled the explainability shortcomings with different approaches. A first approach investigates to which extent an input feature is responsible for a ...
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1 answer
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breakage vs breaking in "X denotes the spontaneous breakage/breaking of rotational symmetry"

In the sentence " X denotes the spontaneous breakage/breaking of rotational symmetry.", which is the best word to use in its context?
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1 vote
1 answer
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Preposition needed: did not survive a certain timepoint [closed]

I have a sentence as follows. This should say that the patients who died during the observation period were excluded from analyses. Should I use a preposition after "survive"? I did a ...
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1 answer
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Is it correct to use a comma before naming a list of items in a sentence? [closed]

The question is about the first comma use in the sentences below. I have not seen such comma-punctuation in a sentence that continues with naming several listed items. Is the first comma in these ...
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0 answers
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Single word request: of/at that phase/time/period/care/management [duplicate]

I am writing a study aim and needs to be really concise. For background, "post-acute care" is the next/second step care in these patients' management. In other words, their care/management ...
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1 answer
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Dissertation: correct writing of a numbered list [closed]

Are there any grammatical rules for numbered lists (my university does not have a guideline for this)? Which format would be correct for the given example of numbered objectives? Two things that I ...
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1 answer
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Compact writing of "1, 3, 6, 9, 12, 24 and 36-month survival was analysed"

I have an academic paper abstract to write and it has very limited word count (150 words). I have to say that we analysed 1, 3, 6, 9, 12, 24 and 36-month survival of the included patients in this ...
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Should we not use abbreviations at all in academic writing? [duplicate]

I submitted a paper to a computer science conference, and the reviewer mentioned that I should correct grammar/writing issues throughout the paper. Some of the things he/she mentioned: don't -> do ...
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-1 votes
2 answers
104 views

More formal way of saying "taking almost all"

I am trying to revise the following statement: A takes almost all the rewards which are usually given to clients contributing important attributes. The takes almost all seems not very formal and ...
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1 vote
1 answer
38 views

How to say these words in academic writing? [closed]

grab attention the talk of the town fly in the ointment How to transfer these words in an academic way?
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1 vote
1 answer
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Should I say "a LSM-tree" or "an LSM-tree"? [duplicate]

The "LSM-tree" is an acronym term for "Log-Structured Merge Tree". I wrote "a LSM-tree", but Grammarly keeps reminding me it should be "an LSM-tree". What is ...
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1 answer
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Single word request: something does not disconfirm the superiority of the most widely used practice [duplicate]

I analysed different nonoperative management practices and all of them showed worse outcomes than surgery. The sentence I am writing: None of the nonoperative management practices disconfirms the ...
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1 answer
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Single word request: practice based on non-strict criteria

Context: Clinical decision making is highly varying, as there are no strict criteria between operative and nonoperative management. How to say this with one academically suitable word? Clinical ...
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2 answers
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Missing data: not registered vs not available

I have a scientific paper table that has a few missing values. Values are missing as they were not recorded (written by a doctor) on patients' medical records. Should I address these values as "...
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7 votes
6 answers
705 views

Tentativeness vs Hedging

I am currently studying for an exam about academic writing and I have some issues grasping the difference between hedging and tentativeness. I know for a fact that there must be a difference because ...
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Is "disputable exceptions" apt in this sentence?

With some disputable exceptions, he did not understand that .... Could I use "disputable exceptions" in this context? This extract is from an academic text I am editing. The phrase feels ...
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0 answers
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Saying a period of time of -ties (ex: the 80s to 90s) for a research paper correctly

I'm trying to write a sentence that mentions a specific period of time, though I'm not sure if I wrote it correctly or not. Here's what I have. We have succeeded in the era of the 1960s to 1980s ...
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1 vote
1 answer
68 views

To assume an event that never happened did happen

While writing a paper on 20th century international relations & the Second World War, I was faced with a situation where I had to 'suppose' Hitler never came to power in Germany, and the Weimar ...
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3 answers
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Formal / academic sounding phrase for "uncharted territory"

I concede that "uncharted territory" is not that casual, but it's slightly below the formal bar that I have set up for myself (not to mention it's somewhat over-used). So, I still want to ...
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1 answer
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Ask for a more concise phrase than "fundamental physical and chemical properties"

Is there a more concise phrase to say "fundamental physical and chemical properties"?
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Looking for an expression

I'm looking for a better way to say that once a new kind of virus is discovered, various gene analysis methods, such as A B C, are already in stock (or at hand) to be used. Thanks.
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0 votes
2 answers
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What's the proper form of "As a judge of your parents actions"?

A grammar checker is saying I have two options, but which one is proper since you have two parents: parents' parent's Note: this is for a Theology Masters paper that I hope to eventually publish ...
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1 vote
3 answers
252 views

Are all phrase verbs informal?

Are all phrasal verbs informal and not appropriate to use in academic texts? For instance, 'carry out'. I see this word in papers very often. Is it formal? Is it necessary to distinguish which phrasal ...
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2 answers
235 views

"-Based" vs. " Based"

I am in the process of finalizing an academic research paper and I am struggling to identify the correct hyphenation for the title: Option 1: Adaptive Chirplet Transform-Based Machine Learning for ...
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1 vote
0 answers
485 views

What are the alternatives of "based on that" in academic writing?

I have the following statement: The algorithm A produces more equal fitness values than algorithm B. Based on that, one possible explanation of why the search peroformance with algorithm A is not as ...
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How would I best express this in English?

I'm new to English writing and, unfortunately, I cannot even find words to describe the problem properly (I guess there would be a special name for this issue). I wrote a sentence "[...] the ...
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0 votes
0 answers
21 views

a word for an academic text translation

I am translating an academic study on manuscripts. In the source language, there is a word that requires a one-word translation for the idea of both reading and interpreting. I haven’t yet found any ...
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0 answers
630 views

"Inequivalent" or " nonequivalent"?

How to write correctly: "inequivalent" or " nonequivalent"? I am interested in writting this word in mathematical texts.
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1 vote
2 answers
3k views

Proper use of "operando"/"in operando" studies

There are research techniques where something is investigated under working conditions, and these techniques are commonly referred to as in situ. For the sake of being specific to my field of study, ...
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