Questions tagged [abbreviations]

An abbreviation is a shortened form of a word, or phrase, typically created by taking initial letters for example OEM for Original Equipment Manufacturer or shortening the word, for example 'Tues' for Tuesday.

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23 views

To be featured and some proper nouns [closed]

In the "About the author" page of a book published by Wiley (for dummies) there is a sentence about Joelle Jane Marshall, the author of the book, like this: Jo has been featured in "The ...
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Within quotes, do I write Saint or St.?

Specifically, I'm writing a biography for a man who lived in St. Maries, Idaho. When I'm quoting him (therefore the spoken language) should I spell out saint, or is it a common enough abbreviation, ...
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39 views

Abbreviating a repeating word in the sentence [closed]

Could you help me with how I can abbreviate the word 'study' in the sentence below, please? I prove the result in simulation study and case study. Option A: I prove the result in simulation and case ...
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Compact writing of “1, 3, 6, 9, 12, 24 and 36-month survival was analysed”

I have an academic paper abstract to write and it has very limited word count (150 words). I have to say that we analysed 1, 3, 6, 9, 12, 24 and 36-month survival of the included patients in this ...
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Is it grammatically correct to say: what is distro the abbreviation of?

Is it grammatically correct to say: What is distro the abbreviation of? I know there are nicer ways of asking the same question (e.g what does distro stand for?) but I was just wondering if the ...
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21 views

Should we not use abbreviations at all in academic writing? [duplicate]

I submitted a paper to a computer science conference, and the reviewer mentioned that I should correct grammar/writing issues throughout the paper. Some of the things he/she mentioned: don't -> do ...
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44 views

abbreviations for “standard deviation” when used as an informal unit

I am looking for some advice for abbreviating "standard deviation" when it is used in an informal sense as a mathematical unit, especially with regard to financial usage. This often crops up ...
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19 views

Can abbreviations be used as stand-alone adjectives when the abbreviated term couldn't?

I see by your name that you are probably ESL... ESL stands for "English as a second language". In the above sentence, it is being used as a stand-alone adjective, but I'm not sure if that ...
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Revisiting “ee.g.” (versus “e.g.”)

How is "e.g." pluralized? Responses to the above article and other critiques of "ee.g." (insisting on "e.g.") roundly dismiss it as an aberration and even vilify it. Yet ...
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What are the rules for pluralising abbreviations?

Especially in academic writing, pluralisation of abbreviations is a very handy device: ‘p’→‘pp’¹ is ‘page’→‘pages’, ‘ed’→‘edd’ becomes ‘editors’, ‘ll’ is ‘lines’, ‘nn’ is ‘notes’.² The rule (given ‘ed’...
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When a last name contains “Saint”, is it ever spelled out, or is it always “St.”?

When a last name contains "Saint", such as Richard St. Paul, how does "Saint" show up on this person's legal documents etc.? Is their legal name "Richard Saint Paul", &...
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What’s the difference between “from your lips” and “from your lips to God’s ears”? [duplicate]

I read in one website that the former is a short version of the later, but I found no other source saying so. Also, I know the meaning of the former, but I’m not sure what “from your lips” mean. Is it ...
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Double or Embeded Abbreviation (or an abbreviation inside a part of another abbreviation)

In the abbreviation "MMG", the 1st "M" stands for another abbreviation which is "MBC", while the 2nd "M" stands for "Media" and "G" stands ...
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135 views

Why is the word “hectare” abbreviated as “ha” and not as “he”? [closed]

Why is the word "hectare" abbreviated as "ha" and not as "he"? https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hectare
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What is the most common abbr. for “passengers” in American English?

I need to fit a long sentence in a small space and cannot change the font or size. It will be used for an UI of a ticketing machine in buses to announce how many passengers the ticket is for.
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Is it appropriate to write mixed capped abbreviations and acronyms in all caps for headers, etc?

When using an abbreviation or acronym that has a mix of lowercase and capital letters, such as mmWave or dBm, in a heading or line that is formatted in all caps, is it appropriate to use all caps - or ...
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Interpretation: Further actions to come out of this discussion [duplicate]

In a business email, I found this expression. I wonder how I can make a full sentence from this expression: "Further actions to come out of this discussion." What I'm guessing is: "...
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Do I have to put ,Inc. every time I mention our company in a single article?

I write blogs for our company website, often commenting on what services our company provides, so I will usually mention our company name a few times in the article. It is a local company, but it is ...
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“Barts and The London NHS Trust” - Is there a standard way to abbreviate it?

Barts and The London NHS Trust Suppose you have a document where you need to reference this trust many times. This includes references in table cells, so it is not a good idea to use the official ...
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Is there a short form for words with “inter” prefix?

I want to write the word "interrupted" in a space which does not allow so many characters. Is there a shorter way to write this word similar to how words prefixed with "cross" are ...
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25 views

“UID” (unique identifier) - half abbreviation, half initialism. What it is? [duplicate]

According to Your Dictionary¹: Abbreviations: St. for Street and Saint, Mr. for mister Acronyms: radar for radio detection and ranging Initialisms: aka for also known as, FBI for Federal Bureau of ...
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Abbreviating a term containing “hypotheses” [duplicate]

A paper I’m writing refers frequently to a group of anthropological hypotheses, and I would like to abbreviate “anthropological hypotheses.” However, because hypotheses is plural, I’m debating whether ...
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What's proper abbreviation?

Can anyone tell me the correct way to write this? I'm putting it etched in glass and want to make sure the abbreviations are all correct. 5lb 12oz 20in OR 5lbs 12ozs 20ins
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What determines how one should vocalise an abbreviation when reading aloud?

When, in reading something aloud, one encounters an abbreviation, there are three possible approaches to vocalising it. (1) Sometimes one will vocalise the abbreviation letter-by-letter. This is ...
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If I'd like to indicate a duration of more than x years, can I write it as “+x years”?

For instance, can I say "we provided +10 hours of programming services"?
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When is usage still subsequent in a very long document?

We are supposed to spell out a military rank when used before a soldier's name, e.g., Master Sergeant John Doe. In subsequent usage, we are supposed to abbreviate the title to Master Sgt. John Doe ...
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77 views

What does G2 (chapter title) refer to in Death by Meeting?

In Death by Meeting, by Patrick Lencioni (the book is about leadership), There is a chapter entitled "G2." Since it is the title, there is not enough context for me to figure out its meaning,...
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Is it typo or correct? [duplicate]

I was reading some parts of Ant-Man and the Wasp movie transcript from this site I saw this sentence in it: but what's this have to do with where Scott Lang is? Can we abbreviate does to s like when ...
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113 views

“df.” as an abbreviation

I'm reading a book and I stumbled upon the following paragraph, in context of doing a conceptual analysis, to quote: Ml: Motherhood is the conjunction of femaleness and parent-hood. M2: To be ...
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Abbreviations in Archive Reference

I've just finished a book about American history, and I somehow turned to the pages of Notes. The words in the archive reference are new to me, I managed to figure out some abbreviation with Google, ...
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When expressing ownership of something with apostrophe + s, is there a “full name” for it?

When saying "it's", that's an abbreviation of "it is" or "it has". When expressing ownership using the same pattern, "something's", what's the "full name&...
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How is NB being used here - “This way there is no whole NB to getting rice from the plant”

I got this reply in a discussion about cooking rice and why packet rice is better. NB is Nota Bene from Italian and is "Note Well" in English, but how is "Note Well" being used ...
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52 views

About i.e. and e.g [closed]

I have four small questions about i.e. and e.g. How do you call them, “words” or other things? When using (writing or typing), do we usually use the italic version i.e. / e.g. or the normal version i....
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799 views

Is there a common abbreviation for “with or without”? e.g. _w/wo_ or _w/w/o_

Is there a common abbreviation for "with or without"? e.g. w/wo or w/w/o Obviously, something this complex is best written in full form, but I'm looking for something to use in space ...
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3answers
66 views

Looking for an idiom for the time between production and selling

what is the idiom or abbreviation that use for the time between production and selling? for example, Zara has less ??? than Nike
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54 views

What does “s.d.” mean here?

"32. Percy, Mahomet, ‘The Properties’. 33. Ibid., 1.1.26. 34. Ibid., 1.1.31, 49. 35. Ibid., 4.3.347. 36. Ibid., 4.6.37. 37. Ibid., 5.4.6. 38. Ibid., 5.13, s.d. 39. Ibid., 5.13. 3– 4. 40. Ibid., 5....
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65 views

Shortcut for does not exist [closed]

I am currently programming an application, and as it turns out the term "Does not exist" is commonly shortened to "Not exists". I was curious which would be the more proper term because to me "Not ...
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How do I identify a Nominalization so I can replace it with an Action Verb?

I'm taking a course on Plain Language and they state that Nominalizations are bad as they make a sentence longer. (There are a whole 12 people taking the course). The course states that ...
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Do native English speakers pronouce b as m?

I very often study English and try to improve my listening skill with some educational materials. And I just encountered a sentence, "Once he made an alarm clock for cats – you know, to wake them ...
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53 views

What is the meaning of 'compl.' in 'compl. steel' [closed]

I've encountered the term 'compl. steel' in a document (related to mechanical engineering). Simple googling of the term shows many pages related to mechanical engineering and metalworks, but it doesn'...
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Why is the prefix “Trans” shortened to “X”? [duplicate]

In technical literature as well as aircraft user interfaces where there is not enough space to write the whole word, the prefix "trans" is shortened to "x". Transmit -> Xmit ...
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53 views

Origin of the abbreviation St. for Street

What is the origin of the abbreviation St. for Street? Why did an address such as 123 Fake Street Become 123 Fake St. ? This question is related to a history stackexchange question about the ...
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33 views

HQs : plural of the abbreviation of “headquarters” [duplicate]

According to the CambridgeGEL, headquarters has the same singular and plural form, but HQs is the plural of the abbreviation of "headquarters". Aren't both statements contradictory? ...
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30 views

How often “fat” is used as an abbreviation for fat cattle?

I'm interested to know how often (if at all) "fat" is used as a shortening for Fat Cattle. I think I've found one source that suggests this kind of usage: At fat auctions in the north, ...
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95 views

What does “p.c.” next to a name stand for in academic papers?

What does the abbreviation "p.c." next to a name stand for in academic papers? Here are a couple of examples: https://www.leibniz-zas.de/fileadmin/Archiv2019/mitarbeiter/frey/frey_2004-VF....
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24 views

Meaning of “resp.” in Debian acpi command

I was recently reading the documentation for the Debian ACPI client's acpi command, and came across the following line that I was unsure of the meaning of. $ acpi --help Usage: acpi [OPTION]... Shows ...
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80 views

Could anyone explain to me the meaning of the abbreviation Nagel's?

I'm not quite sure I understand correctly the meaning of the word in bold font. There are two paragraphs that open the first chapter of "Set This House on Fire": Of the drive from Salerno to Sambuco, ...
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481 views

When is it more correct to say 'did not' and when 'didn't'?

I noticed multiple times, when writing in Microsoft Word that the program suggests a correction, from either form to the other. I can't seem to follow the logic. When is it better to say did not, ...
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61 views

Using an abbreviation for noun AND verb (community garden/ing)

I am writing a paper about community gardening and use community garden(s) and community gardening extensively. I would like to abbreviate both as CG. I can't find guidelines on if this is allowed (...
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109 views

How to list a list of PhDs

How do I list a list of PhDs? Usually names and abbreviations are separated by a comma. For example: John Doe, Ph.D. So if I have a list of Ph.D. holders: John Doe, Ph.D., Jane Doe, Ph.D., John ...

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