I noticed that the final -ed has different pronunciations. What's the general rule for knowing the correct pronunciation?


When the ending -ed indicates the past tense or past participle of a verb, it is pronounced as /d/ when the preceding sound is a voiced consonant or a vowel. It is pronounced as /t/ when the preceding sound is an unvoiced consonant. When the preceding sounds is /t/ or /d/, it's pronounced /ɪd/.

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    The same pronunciation rule applies to the secondary use of -ed “to form adjs. connoting the possession or the presence of the attribute or thing expressed by the sb.”, like diseased, well-mannered, toothed, bigoted, or wide-eyed. – tchrist Jan 5 '13 at 10:36

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