1

(1) Alex had quit his job and started a company before he won the lottery.

(2) Alex had quit his job and had started a company before he won the lottery.

I want to indicate that the act of quitting the job and starting a company happened before winning the lottery. I think (1) is grammatically correct and conveys the intended meaning. The word "had" before the word "started" in (2) seems unnecessary. Is my understanding correct?

3

Yes. Had is understood as being ellipted before started.

protected by RegDwigнt Nov 11 '13 at 0:44

Thank you for your interest in this question. Because it has attracted low-quality or spam answers that had to be removed, posting an answer now requires 10 reputation on this site (the association bonus does not count).

Would you like to answer one of these unanswered questions instead?

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.