Ironically, It's "Credit". "I just credited my debit card with 200 dollars."
Everything else on here is either jargon or incorrect.
Here's the dictionary's way of defining Credit from Dictionary.com
Under the ways Credit is used in accounting (to Credit a debit card is an act of accounting)
a. acknowledgment of an income, liability, or capital item by entry on the right-hand side
of an account
b. the right-hand side of an account
c. an entry on this side
d. the total of such entries
e. Compare debit ( as modifier ): credit entries
you credit the entries (money) into an account (debit card)