I was wondering to myself about the word "shirty". It seemed so curious a word. After all, what did its meaning have to do with shirts. "Were the two words even related?", I wondered.

So I looked up "shirty" in the dictionary...

shirty (ˈʃɜːtɪ) — adj , shirtier , shirtiest slang chiefly ( Brit ) bad-tempered or annoyed [C19: perhaps based on such phrases as to get someone's shirt out to annoy someone]

This led me to another question. I have never heard the phrase "get someone's shirt out". So I looked up this, to find out a bit more about the phrase.

And what I found was that the only places it seems to be used were in dictionary definitions of the word "shirty"!

It seems that the phrase means "to annoy someone". But where did this phrase come from and why does it mean that?

  • 1
    It occurs in more places than just the dictionary definitions.
    – Andrew Leach
    Nov 29, 2012 at 10:29
  • @AndrewLeach: Not a whole lot more. Check the values on the Y-axis.
    – Robusto
    Nov 29, 2012 at 10:30
  • @Robusto I'm not disputing the number of occurrences; but the dictionaries are reflecting actual usage in print.
    – Andrew Leach
    Nov 29, 2012 at 10:32
  • This is only a guess, but, when someone gets very upset, they might make a lot of emotive gestures with their arms, causing their shirt to become untucked. Hence, "don't get your shirt out [of your pants]."
    – J.R.
    Nov 29, 2012 at 10:59
  • NGrams doesn't seem to agree with the dictionary's statement that "shirty" dates back to 1846, and is derived from the phrase.
    – Urbycoz
    Nov 29, 2012 at 13:33

2 Answers 2


The idiom seems to be the opposite of keep one's shirt on. After a bit of Googling, I found the following reason which makes perfect sense to me:

So what does all this shirt business have to do with being annoyed? A Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional English by Eric Partridge suggests that it comes from the custom of taking off one’s shirt before fighting. I wouldn't argue with that.

  • 1
    So it doesn't mean "to annoy someone"? It means "to become annoyed".
    – Urbycoz
    Nov 29, 2012 at 12:38
  • So the dictionary is wrong? Or am I mis-parsing the dictionary definition of shirty- "Origin: 1840–50; shirt, in the phrase get someone's shirt out to annoy."
    – Urbycoz
    Nov 29, 2012 at 13:36
  • I think you're misinterpreting the definition. To get someone's shirt out means to annoy someone, so someone is annoyed by someone else. For example, he's getting my shirt out means he's annoying me, therefore I'm getting annoyed by him!
    – Gigili
    Nov 29, 2012 at 14:03
  • 1
    @Urbycoz: What Gigli said. But imho all variants except to get shirty are at least dated, if not archaic. There is no modern form involving the word "shirt" that means "to annoy someone". Go for something like get his goat, bug him, get on his nerves, or wind him up if you want an informal slang term for annoy; provoke; bother; irritate Nov 29, 2012 at 23:49
  • Prominent example confirms: it's used in Cyclops chapter of Ulysses, first page -- sorry for offensive context, but a debt collector working for a Jewish tea merchant, relates a defiant message from the debtor and narrates: "I had to laugh at the little jewy getting his shirt out." Apr 21, 2019 at 22:45

John Hotten, A Dictionary of Modern Slang, Cant, and Vulgar Words (1859) has this entry for "shirty":

SHIRTY, ill tempered or cross. When one person makes another in an ill humour he is said to have "got his SHIRT out."

It is not entirely clear from this description whether the the word "he" refers to the person who puts the other person in an ill humor or to the person whose humor is soured.

Although the expression "got [one's] shirt out" seems to have originated in the British Isles, it reached Australia by the late 1850s. The National Library of Australia Trove of old newspapers reports 15 matches for "got his shirt out" in the period from 1859 to q937. Here are the three earliest matches.

From "Public Meeting at the Princess's Theatre," in the [Melbourne, Victoria] Argus (May 25, 1859):

Mr. Manuel made an attempt to address the meeting again. He said he thought they were gentlemen, but found he was mistaken. (A voice—"You're a loafer," and tremendous uproar.)

(At this period of the meeting, Mr. Osborne passed in front of the Chairman, an imperfection in his nether garments eliciting the remark, " Hear him ; he's got his shirt out already.")

Mr. Wilson Gray then came forward and read his amendment a second time, amid loud cheering and a few hisses.

This instance suggests that "to have [one's] shirt out" was already a popular slang phrase or idiom, and that the anonymous speaker was making a jest based on the associated meaning.

From an advertisement for R.T. Parnell's Grand Betting Company in the Alexandra [Victoria] Times (August 13, 1868):

Ginger Chops is a likely looking light chesnut stallion, of a light build, and has had too much hard riding lately, being much in requisition as a hack. While training for this race he has got completely bogged on the 3rd, 4th, 19th, 45th, 48th, 60th, 75th, 76th, and 184th clause swamps, one after the other, where he has been floundering for the last three weeks until he has strained his hind quarters, and got his shirt out. This misfortune arose from his silly attempt to show his points and head "Bill of Costs" and an old Government hack called "Higginbotham." But for this the betting might have been fair on "Ginger."

This item is part of an extended assessment of a series of politicians disguised as racehorses. The factual counterparts of the metaphorical descriptions are lost on me.

From "News and Notes," in the [Brisbane, Queensland] Queenslander (November 13, 1869):

It has become a regular personal quarrel—a war of invective and bitter abuse. I must say that the Government side, considering who and what some who sit on the same side as Ministers really are, and how prone they might be supposed to be to a "ruction" conduct themselves with great forbearance and moderation. A few evenings since though, the member for the Northern Gold Fields, Mr. Hoskins, in replying to Mr. Parkes, "got his shirt out," to use a vulgar expression—which by the way, for the information of the innocents, I may explain means no more harm than this, that a person gets into such a passion that he incontinently pulls off his shirt to fight. The expression, however, is generally used in a figurative sense, and so it is now. Hoskins, adverting to the stern denouncements of Parkes against all corruption, &c., reminded him that he, when Colonial Secretary, on £2000 a year, got a lady member of his own family to earn £20 from the public treasury for translating one or two French pamphlets—which plenty of people not connected with the Minister would have been glad to have done for one-half that, and which indeed, ought to have been done by one of the public servants. Well, the affair was paltry enough, viewed any way, but the attack was justified by the undoubted fact that Mr. Parkes would have been the first to cry out in a similar case. However, he got into a great rage, and made a most indignant speech, declaring that he would never forget this treatment as long as he lived.

The author of this note (identified as "a Sydney man") conveniently explains that the expression arose in connection with removing one's shirt prior to fighting but subsequently applied in a metaphorical sense to heated disputation or ill feeling.


As "a Sydney man" writing in 1869 informs us, the expression "got his shirt out" referred to removing one's shirt prior to a physical fight—presumably in order to avoid having it bloodied or torn in the course of the ensuing fisticuffs. Pictures of prizefights from this period (and earlier) frequently show the combatants stripped to the waist as they battle in the ring.

The expression was adapted to idiomatic use as a way to indicate that someone had taken umbrage at something someone else had said and was spoiling for a (metaphorical) fight. It follows that "getting [one's] shirt out" is something that the shirt wearer did, upon provocation by someone else. This contrasts with the (admittedly ambiguous) comment that Hotten provides in his 1859 slang dictionary.

The expression probably originated in Britain, from which nineteenth-century colonists then transported it to Australia. It seems never to have caught on in the United States, as none of the instances of "got his shirt out" in the relevant sense that an Elephind search turns up are from that country.

  • when one person makes another... what does makes mean here? A great answer as usual! @Sven Yargs
    – user405662
    Jan 24, 2021 at 8:18

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.