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Which is correct, “you and I” or “you and me”?
Which one is correct to say: “It's me” or “It's I”?
“It is they who lied” or “it is them who lied?”

Which one is grammatically correct: It was me who called you., or It was I who called you.? Similarly, which one is correct among these two: He and me were going to the forest, or He and I were going to the forest?


It was me who called you and It was I who called you are both grammatical in Standard English, with the second being more formal than the first.

He and I were going to the forest is also grammatical in Standard English. He and me were going to the forest is not, but it may be found in other dialects.

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    I'd be very surprised if "he and me" were to be a "normal" form in any dialect. I found only two relevant instances in Google Books, and one of those was a trashy "pseudo-grammar" book from 1829. The other came in "he and me were cronies, though he was ten years older'n me", where I think older'n makes it clear we're dealing with non-standard phrasing. I think everyone who doesn't say "He and I" would say "Him and me". – FumbleFingers Sep 8 '12 at 15:36
  • @FumbleFingers: True. I had in mind the more general point that in some dialects 'me' is used in coordination when in subject position: 'Me and the wife was down the pub last night.' – Barrie England Sep 8 '12 at 15:39
  • Haha good example. But even the singular verb "was" there doesn't stop us from assuming we're dealing with a native speaker. Whereas if it was (were?!) "corrected" to "Me was down the pub last night" we'd take it for granted we were either dealing with a non-native speaker (stereotypically, a native Red Indian), or someone with a serious linguistic handicap. – FumbleFingers Sep 8 '12 at 15:52
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    @FumbleFingers: Yes, that's why I made a point of saying 'in coordination'. – Barrie England Sep 8 '12 at 17:27

The simple guide in this situation is "me never does anything". The more complicated version is that I is a subject pronoun and me is an object pronoun.

I (subject) bit the dog

The dog bit me (object)

On that basis, in your first sentence, me can't call you, but I can. In the second, me can't be going to the woods, but I can.

In real life though, as Barrie correctly says, nobody would bat an an eyelid if you said It was me who called you. This is probably because the 'it' looks like a subject of 'was', making the 'me' appear to be an object. Strictly speaking, the 'was' is not the active verb. That honour goes to 'called'.

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