After reading this discussion, I'd like to know what example sentences distinguish the meaning of the words lept, leapt, and leaped from each other?

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    Lept is archaic and not used nowadays. Related: english.stackexchange.com/questions/2502/… | english.stackexchange.com/questions/4965/… – coleopterist Jul 27 '12 at 18:35
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    @coleopterist Lept hasn’t been used since the 16th century, because the modern spelling is leapt. – tchrist Jul 27 '12 at 18:47
  • Just to check, all three are pronounced the same, right? – Mitch Jul 27 '12 at 20:17
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    @Mitch I don’t think so. I think if you pronounce it /lɛpt/, then you spell it leapt, and if you pronounce it /li:pt/, then you spell it leaped. I don’t know of any words that end in ‑eaped but are pronounced /ɛpt/. lept is the old spelling of leapt, while leaped is the result of people reanalysing to leap as a regular verb. No, they don’t sound alike. – tchrist Jul 27 '12 at 20:50
  • I just feel like (in AmE at least) that the past tense of 'to leap' is pronounced /lɛpt/ but still spelled 'leaped'. Free Dictionary: leaped or leapt (lɛpt, li:pt), leap·ing, leaps. MW spells it both ways and pronounces it both ways too without choosing which gos with which. – Mitch Jul 27 '12 at 21:10

The past tense of leap is today rightly spelt leapt when pronounced with the DRESS vowel rather than with the FLEECE vowel, so /lɛpt/ rhyming with kept.

In contrast, lept is an obsolete spelling of leapt seldom seen since the 1500s, back before the standardization of English spelling.


  • bleed > bled
  • breed > bred
  • creep > crept
  • dream > dreamt
  • feed > fed
  • feel > felt
  • kneel > knelt
  • lead > led
  • lean > leant
  • meet > met
  • plead > pled
  • sleep > slept
  • speed > sped
  • sweep > swept
  • weep > wept

As you see, the sound change is more consistent than the spelling, but leapt is not wholly without precedent in other forms even when spelt that way.

  • 1
    Best to note that some of these also have regular alternatives. – Mechanical snail Jul 27 '12 at 23:41
  • "Pled" is the past tense of plead only in legal proceedings; otherwise "pleaded" is standard. (She pleaded with the professor to change her grade, etc.) I had never seen "leant" in my life before reading this post and had to look it up to make sure it's even a word; it is, but it's outdated. "Leaned" is the modern form. "Dreamed" is at least as common as "dreamt", at least when referring to literal dreams that one has while asleep. "Dreamt" gets more play for poetic / metaphorical uses, although it is also somewhat popular in the UK for the literal meaning as well. – Sean Sinclair Jul 1 '18 at 10:10
  • A lot of the 'older' forms are still in use in such as Northern Br Eng. Dreamt, leant, treat [pronounced tret] are all still common. – Tetsujin Jul 14 '18 at 9:15
  • The spelling seems quite consistent to me: ⟨ee⟩ becomes ⟨e⟩ everywhere; ⟨ea⟩ remains ⟨ea⟩ if a past-tense marker ⟨t⟩ is added to form the past tense; otherwise it too becomes ⟨e⟩. – Janus Bahs Jacquet Jun 27 at 17:44
  • @JanusBahsJacquet Has anyone ever told you that you have a promising career in computer programming awaiting you? :=} – tchrist Jun 27 at 17:48

Almost ten years ago, I checked and recorded the relative popularity of leaped and leapt in Google results, because the following assertion in Webster's Dictionary of English Usage (1989) intrigued me: "In American English, leaped and leapt seem to be used with about equal frequency." Recognizing that leapt is somewhat more common in British (and British Commonwealth) English than in U.S. English, I decided to run Google searches for the two terms, reasoning that if leaped came out significantly ahead in undifferentiated results, it was probably considerably more popular than leapt in U.S. usage.

My first round of searches for leaped and leapt (undated, but probably in 2004 or 2005) generated 6.2 million matches for leaped and 4.7 million matches for leapt. A second run, on 11 August 2010, produced these unexpected numbers: 8.73 million for leaped, 8.53 million for leapt, and 401,000 for lept. Today (22 January 2013), I ran the searches again and got these numbers: 7.06 million for leaped, 10.5 million for leapt, and 1.11 million for lept.

With regard to absolute numbers, Google searches are utterly unreliable because they generate so many repetitious matches for the same content. But for indicating shifts in relative popularity, I think that they can be useful. And in this case, a rather impressive shift in such popularity is evident—away from leaped and toward leapt. The numbers also suggest that lept is very far from vanishing as a variant spelling, though Merriam-Webster Online as yet declines to accept it as one.

An Ngram Viewer search for leaped, leapt, and lept confirms my initial impression/assumption that leaped is more common in published print content than leapt—and indeed indicates that it has been consistently so for more than 200 years. However, the rise of leapt in Google results and the absence of copyediting in much published work these days suggest that leapt may soon vindicate Webster's Dictionary of English Usage's prematurely enthusiastic assessment of its popularity in the United States.


I found this quote here by Pam Peters (The Cambridge Guide to English Usage), and she says:

leaped or leapt: Both spellings are used in American and British English, but the relativities work in opposite directions. In the US the more regular spelling leaped is commoner by a factor of 5:1, according to CCAE¹ data. In British data from the BNC², leapt is ahead by similar ratio.

Based on this, I think that you can use 'leaped' or 'leapt'; both are acceptable past-tense and past-participle forms for the verb leap. As Bryan A. Garner says³: “Because leapt is pronounced /lept/, the mistaken form lept is frequently encountered.”

¹CCAE: The Cambridge International Corpus of American English

²BNC: British National Corpus

³A Dictionary of Modern American Usage


Leaped, leapt, lept. But do we speak of talking, writing - or reading? It can't be talking (lest we are so insecure that we must cite authority for our diction) so, perhaps, our concern should either be what is written or what is read. If our worry is what is written, we worry of only ourselves. If our care is of what is read, we hope for the future.

And now may be a good time to consider the only valid purpose of writing - to convey concepts, imagery or understanding - to share experience in and with one form or another.

At least so if my egocentric drive to persuade the world that writing without informing is as much a waste of time and resource as spending billions to educate our youth without teaching them to think beyond the innate primordial instincts of selfness.

But I digress. Leaped, leapt and lept all have their valid place in our language. I focus on leapt and lept because leaped and leapt both conjure up images of athleticism or spryness. Both make one think of coordinated movement. Lept, I think, conveys desperate survival as the motive.

"The boulder crashed through the wall as he leaped to safety" just doesn't carry the same feel as "He lept to safety".

Is lept just a misspelling of leapt? I don't think so. And, by the way, if "lept" was last used in the 16th century, I've been reading some well-hidden treasures.

  • 5
    Is there an answer to the question in there? – Bradd Szonye Sep 6 '13 at 0:43
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    "But I digress." No, precious, no. Well, maybe yes. Lept because it is the best spelling for the sound of the aural word. – ross studtman Mar 4 '16 at 4:59

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