If I want to dedicate my article to all the women in the world, should I write "To women" or "To the women"?
I would probably use something like this:
- to all women
- to women everywhere
However, "women of the world", as was suggested in another answer, has a bit of a negative religious connotation. The conservative and moderate sectors of most religions, especially ones which emphasize morality, would tend to associate it with "worldliness". For conservatives it would make red flags pop up, but moderates would probably just notice it, say "hmm", and go on. Adding "the" to the beginning would probably help a little bit, but I would stay away from it entirely unless you have a specific reason to give it that slant.
For those who are curious, the term originates in Christianity. The Bible emphasizes the idea of separation from the world quite a bit. The reason is because Christ's kingdom is not of this world. The negative connotation came in as Christianity drifted from the experiential to the religious. Incidentally, this is also where the idea of separation of church and state comes from, and thus the concept of free exercise of religion.
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.