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I've just returned from an English exam and there was a sentence that made me wonder (I'm not exactly sure about the wording). The sentence ran like this :

Overheating can stop the equipment FUNCTION/TO FUNCTION/FROM FUNCTIONING/FUNCTIONING

Which is the correct one and why? Thank you.

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The correct answer is from functioning.

The overheating can stop the equipment from functioning.

"To stop something from doing something" means "to prevent" or "to restrain" (see meaning 6 in this dictionary entry).

If the equipment were the subject, you wouldn't need from, and the word stop would mean cease

The equipment may stop from functioning from overheating.

  • That link allows "... from functioning" but does not seem to rule out "Overheating can stop the equipment functioning" (see sense 7). – James Waldby - jwpat7 Jul 4 '12 at 18:45

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