What is the difference between finally and eventually?
- He eventually escaped and made his way back to England.
- He finally escaped and made his way back to England.
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The two words are very similar, and can indeed be used interchangably in many contexts – but not always.
A good way to figure out the subtle nuances of each word is by consulting a thesaurus. For example, if you want to imply something will happen after a long wait, you would not use finally:
The Eagles will win a championship eventually.
But you could use finally after the fact:
The Eagles have finally won a championship!
If you want to say that something is the last of a sequence of steps, you would not use eventually. For example, on a cooking show:
Finally, put the lasagne into the oven, preheated to 350 degrees.
But you might use eventually to say that you'll get around to doing something later:
That was a great lasagne; time for a nap! We'll do the dishes eventually.
You knew I'd get to the thesaurus entries eventually, right?
the culprit will be caught eventually: IN THE END, in due course, by and by, in time, after some time, after a bit, finally, at last, over the long haul; ultimately, in the long run, at the end of the day, one day, some day, sometime, at some point, sooner or later.
Finally, here's the entry for finally:
she finally got her man to the altar: EVENTUALLY, ultimately, in the end, after a long time, at (long) last; in the long run, in the fullness of time.
finally, wrap the ribbon around the edge: LASTLY, last, in conclusion, to conclude, to end.
this should finally dispel that common misconception: CONCLUSIVELY, irrevocably, decisively, definitively, for ever, for good, once and for all.
He eventually escaped and made his way back to England. This connotes a gradual progress in his mission to escape, he must have faced several troubles before he was able to escape. Possibly he was caught or lost several times before he reached England.
He finally escaped and made his way back to England. This carries a sound of expectation, as if the escape was long-awaited. He must have planned his escape long ago and was able to escape when he put his plan into action.
Both the adverbs mean 'in the end' or 'at last' but they differ in the emphasis, former is a long and gradual (step by step) process and the latter is long awaited.
I could not find any reliable source which points out the difference between "finally" and "eventually". Some may say the difference is in emphasis or the number of series or longer time! But I think the difference between them is that you use finally to introduce the last point you want to make, and you can use eventually to say what the result or outcome of something was. ldoce reports:
Finally we managed to get the car to start.
When she eventually turned up, the food was cold.
They eventually got bored and went home.
In the end we decided to cancel the trip.
Lastly, I would like to remind you that smoking is not allowed.
Load the paper, select the number of copies, and lastly press 'Print'.
You add flour, salt, and finally milk.
Both "finally" and "eventually" suggest waiting for a period of time. "Finally" suggests something occurring at the end of a sequence of events (relating to the word "final"), and also has connotations of exasperation and overcoming something. "Eventually" also suggests something at the end of a series of events, but without an absolute finality. The two words can generally be used interchangeably, at least in the above example, without much meaning being lost.
In short, "finally" = "eventually" in the above example.