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I often hear the usage "don't got" in American English as spoken on TV programmes. Recently I was watching season four of "Prison Break" and one character, an Asian computer wizard, repeatedly used "don't got". E.g. 9:48 into episode two:

Not if you don't got me

However, I've also heard from people who say that this formation is not used much in real speech.

How common is the "I don't got money" or even "He don't got a dog" style formation in real American speech?

6

In standard English, I think "don't got" has the same register as "ain't". It's definitely not correct, but very common. Avoid it in any high register situations where standard English is used, e.g. an interview, a presentation, a company report.

I sometimes will say "ain't", e.g. "that ain't worth it" in informal contexts but I don't think I would ever say "don't got".

  • That's not really answering my question. My acquaintance says that this isn't really used in American English, and I'd like to know if that is true. – delete Aug 13 '10 at 14:23
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    Right, I would say, "it isn't really used in standard American English". But there is a dialect called "Black English" that has pretty formal structures and I can imagine "don't got" is standard vocabulary in Black English. And Black English is spoken by thousands if not millions of people in America, so it depends on your definition of "American English." I can imagine it is quite a popular phrase in rap music, for instance, no matter if the singer speaks Black English as his native dialect or not. – Edward Tanguay Aug 13 '10 at 14:38
  • Millions. I'd say the majority of blacks in the U.S. speak some variety of Black English at home. Even if only 10% of these use the construction "don't got" (I suspect it is only standard vocabulary in some varieties of Black English), that's still millions of people. – Peter Shor Sep 15 '11 at 15:31
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    @Peter Shor: My perception (long-standing, but backed up by the occasional comment here on ELU) is that the vast majority of Americans consider don't got to be "non-standard", and don't use it themselves. But they don't think it's really weird, the way many Brits do. Presumably that's because they are actually more exposed to it. We normally only hear it on the odd movie, where it's often only there to indicate "uneducated speaker" (similar to how a British film might have someone say nuffink instead of nothing). – FumbleFingers Dec 10 '12 at 14:53
  • Please, folks. All kinds of people say We don't got x, and it is marked as uneducated American speech as used dialectally along with other speech features. It needs to be said. That does not mean it is not right. People speak how they speak. Some are educated, others are not. And BrE has its equivalents, to this, idnit? Separately from that, it's also part of Black AmE . – Lambie Sep 4 '18 at 15:02
5

American English doesn't have quite the divergent dialect issue that British English has, but it most certianly does have its own dialects.

What you generally hear from folks on TV is what is called Standard American English. "Don't got" would indeed be fairly unusual in that dialect, and would fall oddly on a SAE listener's ears.

However, there are other dialects where that is quite common, most notably African American Vernacular English, along with those spoken by many poor rural white folks. Features of AAVE are often found on USA TV shows (even coming from non-African Americans) to indicate that the speaker comes from a rough urban environment.

Here's what wikipedia says about AAVE and negation:


Negatives are formed differently from standard American English:

  • Use of ain't as a general negative indicator. As in other dialects, it can be used where Standard English would use am not, isn't, aren't, haven't and hasn't. However, in marked contrast to other varieties of English in the U.S., some speakers of AAVE also use ain't instead of don't, doesn't, or didn't (e.g., I ain't know that). Ain't had its origins in common English, but became increasingly stigmatized since the 19th century. See also amn't.
  • Negative concord, popularly called "double negation", as in I didn't go nowhere; if the sentence is negative, all negatable forms are negated. This contrasts with Standard English, where a double negative is considered incorrect to mean anything other than a positive (although this wasn't always so; see double negative). There is also "triple" or "multiple negation", as in the phrase I don't know nothing about no one no more (in Standard English "I don't know anything about anyone anymore").
  • In a negative construction, an indefinite pronoun such as nobody or nothing can be inverted with the negative verb particle for emphasis (e.g. Don't nobody know the answer, Ain't nothin' goin' on.)

Given the skewed demographics of the US prison population, I think you could expect to hear AAVE or some poor rural dialect spoken in a prison scene, and would not expect to hear SAE.

5

If your question is strictly how common it is used in daily conversation, I can tell you that it is very common, at least in the southern US. As a high-school English teacher in this region, I can tell you that my students use it all the time, even in very formal writing. They're so used to using it, even my College Prep. students have trouble remembering to use a more proper form in academic writing. It's a huge headache for me!

4

I'd say the expression I don't got... is generally rare in spoken AmE. I'd think he/she/it don't is even more uncommon in the general population.

However, there are probably geographic or socioeconomic regions where both expressions are common. A COCA query yielded zero hits for don't got and 13 for don't have.

A final observation: If you really want to say I don't got... then you probably want to add a double negative. (ie I don't got no money.) I am sure there are lots of hicks who would say this daily.

  • Tonight I'm going to rewind my recording of Prison Break to get the actual example sentences and post them. – delete Aug 13 '10 at 8:36
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    I can imagine "Prison Break" has plenty of examples of such speech. A prison is definitely a place where you'd find the sort of people who would say "I/He don't got no ..." – Chris Aug 13 '10 at 9:30
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I hear "I ain't got no money" much more often than "I don't got no money" but have heard both.

1

I've heard it more often when people are negating things. E.g.

— We've got history class next.
— No we don't!

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    This is a different usage. In Standard American English (even more formal registers), the second sentence is correct an could be completed as: - No, we don't (have history class next). – Owen Apr 13 '17 at 13:24
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The correct negative answer to, "We've got history class next" is "No we haven't." The only correct usage of 'don't' in such an answer would occur if the question was, "Do we have history class next?"

'Ain't' is just a slang way of saying 'haven't' so the positive of "ain't got" would be "have got". "Do got" and "don't got" are incorrect in English, though they appear to be acceptable in American.

  • I find it annoying that, even on the BBC, it is becoming more common for respected English presenters and punters to answer, "have you...?" questions with, "No, I don't." – Pat Clarke Aug 21 '19 at 2:58
  • What about I don't got no history class? – JJ for Transparency and Monica Aug 21 '19 at 3:21
  • Ha! ...just WRONG! :-) – Pat Clarke Aug 31 '19 at 3:24

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