According to the dictionary, the "e" is optional when a word ends in "-dg(e)ment".

Dictionary examples:

...And some other similar examples from the internet: ledg(e)ment, lodg(e)ment, grudg(e)ment.

Of these, only judgment is explicitly said to be found "especially in North American English"; regional distinctions don't seem to play a role in any of the other options.

Is this statement verifiable? What is the evidence, and how widespread is the variation? Is there a historical reason for judgment being unique in this sense? (If it even is unique...)

  • That is the way it goes: doughnut is donut, sulphur is sulfur, etc. I see there is a Cambridge Dictionary entry for acknowledgment but as a BrE speaker I have never seen the 'e' omitted from the words you mention. Nov 2, 2023 at 20:19
  • But I just checked my Mac's dictionary, and it shows "judgment" as the primary spelling.
    – Barmar
    Nov 2, 2023 at 20:43
  • Spelling is arbitrary and a matter of opinion. Nov 2, 2023 at 21:08
  • 3
    @JohnLawler That's just, like, you know, you're opinyun, man.
    – Robusto
    Nov 2, 2023 at 21:52
  • 1
    @Mitch - the first two close votes were from when the question was in the 'Do you agree?' state, which I think was subjective. Nov 3, 2023 at 13:25

1 Answer 1


Looking at the relevant graphs on Ngram (e.g. this one), it appears that:

  • In all three cases (judg(e)ment, acknowledg(e)ment, and abridg(e)ment), the version without the "e" is more common in American English. This is particularly true in the case of judgment; the spelling judgement is very rare in American English.
  • In the case of acknowledgement, and abridgement, the spelling with the "e" is more common in British English. In the case of judgment, though, the spelling without "e" is more common, though this preference isn't nearly as strong as it is in American English.

Trying a few more examples, it seems that, in general, in American English these words are more commonly spelled without the "e," whereas the "e" is usually included in British English. The major exception is in the case of "judgment," where American English strongly prefers, and British English allows, the spelling without the "e."

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