I want to express the consequences of something which I am not sure actually happened in the past.
- intention: Maybe my brother studied, or maybe he didn't, but if he really did, then he will pass the exam.
- phrase: If my brother studied, he will pass the exam. (the tenses used might not match my intention.)
My question is which combination of tenses should I use to express what I meant above ?
I have found the following three cases in different comments or posts:
- If I was rude last night, I apologize. (I am not sure I was rude).
- If you mailed the package on Monday, it probably arrived on Wednesday. (I don't know if you really mailed it)
- If he was at home last night, as he says he was, he would have answered the phone. (Maybe he was, maybe he wasn't)
My confusion comes from the if + Past Simple combination, which represents the second conditional. It has nothing to do with the past.
Are these 3 examples correct ? If so, it means that in these cases, if + Past Simple does not have the meaning from the second conditional.