Word types like nouns, verbs, and adjectives take complements and examples are easy to come by. But what about adverbs? It seems infrequent in English but here's an example that may be fitting.
She looked away from the light - S|V|A[AVP + avc(pp):away]
The brackets indicate a single compound sentence phrase (verb complement) containing the a primary word phrase plus a complement phrase (this syntax occurs within the complement).
Edit/ Addendum (I would like to hear what people think about this)
Based on the comments and answers so far, it seems that:
Yes, some adverbs do take complements but arguments have been made against parsing 'away' as an adverb in my example.
- 'away' ought to be parsed as a preposition with a pp as a landmark
- 'away' and 'from' combine to form a single preposition
- BillJ, says that, according to CGEL, 'away' is a preposition with a pp as a landmark but also that even in the sentence 'She looked away', 'away' functions as a preposition where the landmark is optional.
I think this issue is open to debate, and that, to my mind, none of these arguments are satisfactory.
My approach is to first recognize that 'away' in the example is telling us where (in what direction) the action 'look' happened. In my system (designed for second langauge learners), any word that says where, why, when or how a verb happens is an adverb. Adverbs can be used in verb phrases, in which case they are part of the verb phrase, and also as verb complements where they are parsed as a sentence element, a verb complement, or more specifically as an adverbial, a vc with an adverbial relation to the verb. Adverbials do not need to use adverbs, for instance, noun phrases like 'last week' can be used adverbially and most prepostional phrases taking a verb as an antecedent are adverbial.
I parse 'away' as an adverb (word function) and as an adverbial (sentnece phrase) because its placement is not flexible, it only makes sense placed after the main verb phrase. At the sentence level 'away' is a verb complement with and adverbial relation, or just an adverbial. Despite CGEL's assertion of optional landmarks, it's hard to argue well that 'away' is not an adverb in the sentence, 'she looked away', where 'away' is a verb complement phrase.
Accordingly, the pp, 'from the light', ought to be parsed as an adverb complement. Another way of looking at it is that the adverb 'away' is the antecedent of the preposition, and this whole relation happens within a single verb complement (adverbial) (see my parse, above).
I find that this aproach works consistently and systematically and is easier to learn than ideas like optional landmarks.
V=finite verb phrase;
A = a verb complement with a adverbial relation;
avp = adverb phrase;
avc = adverb compement;
pp= prepositiona phrase
Is this a good represetation of the grammar? Is this an adverb taking an adverb complement or is there a better way to look at it?