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I am writing a few paragraphs about Rupi Kaur's poetry. I've been trying to think about which literary device is used in this example.

In milk and honey, written by Rupi Kaur, she states:

"the night after you left / i woke up so broken / the only place to put the pieces / were the bags under my eyes"

I've been wondering about this for a bit and I know it would be quite a simple question to answer. I apologize for this. I'm thinking it might be a metaphor or an idiom. Please correct me if I'm wrong!

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    It's not a set idiom I've heard, only a pun on bags. Dec 14, 2022 at 0:01
  • @YosefBaskin "Bags under [one's] eyes" is a common phrase in AmE. Putting pieces there is another story. Dec 14, 2022 at 2:39
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    I'm American. This is a pun on two meanings of bags. Those under the eyes are not metaphorical. Dec 14, 2022 at 14:07
  • Does this answer your question? What is the difference between metonymy and synecdoche?
    – livresque
    Jun 3, 2023 at 7:40
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    @YosefBaskin To save this being closed, that's an answer worth giving.
    – Greybeard
    Jun 3, 2023 at 8:55

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It could also be hyperbole. After being left, the speaker had such terrible sleep that the bags under her eyes were large enough to hold the metaphorical "pieces".

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