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Lately, I have seen GOAT being used for people. Like:

  1. Lionel Messi is called the GOAT.
  2. Muhammad Ali boxed his way into our hearts and will forever be known as GOAT.
  3. John may end up being the GOAT.

How did the acronym GOAT originate and when was it used for the first time?

Can we use this word for females or for people in any other fields like sciences, arts, etc. apart from sports?

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GOAT as an acronym for "(the) greatest of all time" (also considered as a noun) originally referred to Muhammad Ali, one of the greatest boxers of all time. The first written usage is from 1992 as G.O.A.T. Inc., the name of a company incorporated by Muhammad Ali's wife. The first written usage of GOAT to refer to someone is from 1996. However, GOAT has its roots in mid-1960's when Muhammad Ali was referring to himself as "the greatest of all time". It can be used for anyone and in any field. One can even call their mom "the goat", for example when she cooks their favorite meal. Here is the full origin story from boston.com:

GOAT, as a word used in reference to “Greatest of All Time,” had its origin in an expected place: Muhammad Ali.

In Sept. 1992, Lonnie Ali, Muhammad Ali’s wife, incorporated G.O.A.T. Inc. This company was used as an umbrella for all of the former boxer’s intellectual properties being used for commercial purposes.

According to Sokolowski, the first version Merriam-Webster found of its online use was in 1996 on an Orlando Magic forum referencing Penny Hardaway.

“The sentence is simply, ‘Penny is the GOAT (Greatest of All Time),'” said Sokolowski. “That’s the oldest quotation that we have of this word.”

In 2000, LL Cool J helped to popularize the word as a definition for greatest, when he released an album titled, “G.O.A.T. (Greatest of All Time).” He credited Ali for its origin in a 2016 interview with Rolling Stone.

“Without Muhammad Ali, there would be no ‘Mama Said Knock You Out, and the term G.O.A.T. would have never been coined.”

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    Thanks @ermanen... your answer is comprehensive. Sep 22 at 10:24
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    As far as I am aware, GOAT/Goat/goat in this sense is not used in British English.
    – Greybeard
    Sep 22 at 16:32
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    @Greybeard Given that it's relatively new slang and the generation that uses it was born connected to the Internet, I'd be surprised if it wasn't used this way all over the Anglosphere.
    – prosfilaes
    Sep 22 at 18:52
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    @Greybeard I'm pretty sure I've heard British content creators who are now upper teens/low 20s use the term...
    – Esther
    Sep 22 at 19:49
  • @prosfilaes Interestingly, it translates into some other languages as well, though not with precisely the same meaning. In Spanish, for instance, it's not uncommon to hear the word "chivo" (literally "goat") called out after a particularly good play in sports or video games (the animal has some cultural association with good luck). In French, a film titled La Chèvre ("The Goat", the basis for the American remake Pure Luck) is about a man with exceptionally bad luck. Whether this is related to the acronym or just coincidence, I couldn't say. Sep 22 at 20:22

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