Why do we write take it personally or take it seriously with adverbs but we also write take it easy with an adjective, not take it easily with an adverb? How is this switching off between adjectives and adverbs justified? How can you know which to use?
The same question applies to why we can say hold (him) responsible but not to hold him tight. Why are these not all adverbs after the verb? What does it mean when there is an adjective after the verb? Isn't responsible an adjective? Isn't tight an adverb?
How can this inconsistent use of modifiers be understood and explained and predicted by native speakers? How do you know if the modifier applies to the subject or to the verb or to the direct object?