What is an adjective meaning ‘in the process of forming/shaping/being formed/being created’.

The ———— institutions have to deal with such difficulties.

I want an adjective to mean that the institution ‘is still in the process of being created.’

  • You don't get a single adjective for that. You hafta use an adjective phrase: Institutions in the process of formation Jul 27 at 17:17
  • [grammar: No the, just an adjective, and a plural noun]
    – Lambie
    Jul 27 at 17:20
  • @Lambie "The budding institutions" is all right. google.com/…
    – LPH
    Jul 27 at 17:25
  • @LPH I get tired of repeating the same things. If he is making a general statement about institutions, there would most likely not be a need for the. It is not a grammar mistake; it would be a mistake in situ for his probable context. And by the way, these things cannot be googled. You just have to have internalized it. "Dogs can bark frequently. "The large dogs in my neck of the woods often do." You can't do that in French: you always need a determiner. Les chiens and Les chiens.
    – Lambie
    Jul 27 at 18:01
  • 1
    @Lambie I understand perfectly well what you are saying and you ignore totally what I am saying.
    – LPH
    Jul 27 at 18:25

4 Answers 4


I suggest nascent. Lexico has


1 (especially of a process or organization) just coming into existence and beginning to display signs of future potential.
Indian book retailing is also a relatively nascent industry.

The requested sentence can be

[The] nascent institutions have to deal with such difficulties.

I am unsure of the context, and whether an article is needed.


All the answers already given are correct, but with institutions I would go with emerging which means

growing and developing, esp. in business investment:

  • US government and business must become partners in breaking into these emerging markets. (Cambridge)

Emerging institutions is much more common, as you can see from this Ngram

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YourDictionary says

Things that are emerging are just being born — or they're reaching an adult state. The important thing is they're growing and developing. Emerging means something close to sprouting — when you think of this word, think "growing."

  • Oh look, institutions with an s. Just as I said. :)
    – Lambie
    Jul 27 at 18:34
  • Unless the OP corrects the verb of the sentence to has, I don't see how the subject could be singular.
    – fev
    Jul 27 at 18:36
  • My point is that in English, general statements do not take a determiner when the noun is countable. And you have made it and have not put in a pesky the.
    – Lambie
    Jul 27 at 18:37
  • I do agree, "the" is not necessary here, UNLESS you oppose this category with another class. Like say, The emerging institutions are more numerous than the established ones in this country.
    – fev
    Jul 27 at 18:39
  • Yes, of course. In that way, the items are made specific.
    – Lambie
    Jul 27 at 18:59


Merriam Webster:

Synonyms & Antonyms of inchoate
beginning to come into existence
inchoate feelings of affection for a man whom she had, up till now, thought of as only a friend Synonyms for inchoate

budding, inceptive, incipient, nascent

Inchoate institutions have to deal with similar difficulties [or: such as these].




(OALD) budding adjective /ˈbʌdɪŋ/ [only before noun]
​beginning to develop or become successful
• a budding artist/writer

  • The budding institutions have to deal with such difficulties.


(OALD) emerging adjective /ɪˈmɜːdʒɪŋ/ /ɪˈmɜːrdʒɪŋ/ [only before noun]
​starting to exist, grow or become known • the emerging markets of South Asia
• emerging economies/democracies
• an emerging artist/talent
• newly emerging areas of science
• He also analyses the industry to identify emerging technologies.

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