In English, "agriculture" includes the cultivation of both plants and animals for food. In some languages, a cognate such as "agricultura" (in Spanish) may contemplate only plants and exclude animals. What would be the equivalent expression in English -- could it be "crop farming" or "crop agriculture"? Also note: in such languages, a different term exists for the combination of plant and animal cultivation: "agropecuaria" (in Spanish).

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    'Crop' is used by the intensive poultry farming industry too. We have 'arable' farming but that is for wheat, barley etc and excludes fruit and vegetables. The word 'vegriculture' does not seem to be used, yet, except as a trading name. Commented May 1, 2022 at 8:06
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    Horticulture refers to plants, but doesn’t include large-scale, intensive crop farming like wheat.
    – Xanne
    Commented May 1, 2022 at 9:23
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    Please don't forget about fungiculture and algaculture, which are the farming — the commercial cultivation — of two other kingdoms of life that are neither plants nor animals.
    – tchrist
    Commented May 1, 2022 at 12:39
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    @Xanne - Horticulture refers specifically to garden plants (Latin hortus, a garden). Commented May 1, 2022 at 12:41
  • plant agriculture versus animal agriculture OR animal husbandry.
    – Lambie
    Commented May 1, 2022 at 20:16

1 Answer 1


It seems "plant agriculture" is not unheard of; see, for example:

Besides the ad hoc evidence of usage above, I've also found a definition:

Plant agriculture concerns the cultivation of useful plants.

The complementing term "animal agriculture" seems well established as a synonym or generalization of "animal husbandry":

The usage of both terms over the last century is also confirmed by the Google Books ngram graph.

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