Great, Tom! You survived this jump!
Why do we use past simple and not the present perfect there? We can see the result of surviving in the present, but still use past tense.
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Though the intransitive sense of survive is durative:
survive [verb] [A intransitive]
1: to remain alive or in existence: live on ...
- There are bacteria that survive even in extreme temperatures.
The transitive sense used here is punctive (related to a point or what can be considered a point in time; in OP's example, arguably the [obviously safe] landing):
survive [verb] [B transitive] ...
2: to continue to exist or live after
- He survived the earthquake. ...
[Merriam-Webster; reformatted and adjusted slightly] [note especially that the labels (1) and (2) are in different sequences in the original]
With a typically one-off (semelfactive) event (which doesn't need to be confined to a moment in time), it is usual to use past simple when not tying the event to the present:
However, the present perfect is used to show recency, or to make a general statement still carrying force:
While ' ... You've survived the jump!' is certainly plausible for a recent attainment, past simple is crisper (and sounds slightly more sincere ... although the example itself sounds somewhat sardonic).