I would like to say something like

The boy, Adam's, favorite toy was a bike.

What is the proper way to say this?

  • I had the same question. I don't like boy's. In the end I rewrote it to avoid the mess. Something like The favorite toy of the boy, Adam, was a bike. – John Henckel Aug 21 '19 at 0:18

Yes. That's right.

The possessive -'s suffix has gone from being a paradigmatic Genitive Case suffix that marks the possessor noun in Old English (or Modern German), to being a syntactic clitic marker in Modern English that marks the end of a Noun Phrase containing the possessor (e.g, the King of England's mistress).

Since the boy and Adam are both noun phrases in an apposition relation, that in itself constitutes an NP, and that NP ends with Adam. Hence that's where -'s may be placed.

The boy, Adam's, favorite toy was a bike.

However, -'s may also mark both of the apposed NPs, since they're NPs too, and they're both possessors.

The boy's, Adam's, favorite toy was a bike.

In writing, this last construction might be a good occasion to use a dash to set off the appositive.

The boy's -- Adam's -- favorite toy was a bike.

  • 1
    Thanks so much! To be honest, the second sentence you provided was what I figured would be correct, though it sounded quite weird, so I was going to stick with what I had. The last sentence, however, sounds and looks perfectly fine and grammatically correct. – mowwwalker Feb 11 '12 at 0:47
  • Punctuation is always a crapshoot. Sister Mary Nazarita never discussed dashes -- feeling perhaps that they were beneath her august notice -- so I had to figure out their intonation curve myself. – John Lawler Feb 11 '12 at 1:33

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