I'm editing a draft of a formal speech written by a non-native English speaker in which "those" is repeatedly used as a demonstrative adjective/determiner. My instinct is to change these instances of "those" to "the", but I'm having trouble explaining why in clear terms.

Technically, I don't think their usage is incorrect, but it feels unnatural to me. Am I wrong, and this is completely acceptable? Does the fact that the nouns paired with these determiners are followed by subordinate clauses indicate some sort of implied contrast, which makes it okay? Are there set rules for when to use "the" vs "those"?

Below are a couple examples from the text.

I'd like to thank those outstanding members, officials, and contributors who went above and beyond to make this dream a reality.


We should concentrate on those departments with the most serious issues.

  • 1
    In (1), 'those' is in a very formal register, typical of official speeches. 'The' sounds less rarefied. // In (2), 'those' has more of an identifier (pointing towards which ones) function than 'the' carries, probably generating more discomfort in (certain members of) the audience. Commented Aug 24, 2021 at 11:15
  • "all those" is an identifier but softer and less likely to cause discomfort.
    – Nemo
    Commented Aug 24, 2021 at 12:05

1 Answer 1


I think either is fine, but there is a subtle difference.

Using "those" might imply that there are other outstanding members, officials and contributors who did not go above and beyond to make the dream a reality. You're only thanking the ones who did.

Changing it to "the" equates the two and doesn't really allow for this distinction.

  • Also consider, when appropriate, changing those to our.
    – Xanne
    Commented Aug 24, 2021 at 7:31

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service and acknowledge you have read our privacy policy.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.