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"Global" and "partial" seem to be contradicting to one another. What does "partial" mean in this context?

China's international leadership would bear little resemblance to the forms exercised by previous global leaders; exercising a partial global hegemony centered principally on Eurasia, the Middle East, and Africa, Chinese international leadership would be characterized by a reliance on finance, diplomatic engagement, and security assistance to exercise influence while maintaining a modest overseas military presence.

Rand Corporation

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  • I have adjusted your question. In the future, please use block quote for quotes, and not to state the question. Also, please source your quote.
    – Cascabel
    Aug 1 at 16:18
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    I've even found 'Generalized partial global planning' (GPGP) on the internet. // Perhaps leaders in matters of trade, but not in terms of military might? Aug 1 at 16:26
  • The hegemon extends beyond China, hence it is global. But not the whole globe. Aug 1 at 16:41
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    It's like a whole wheat bread made with 100% whole grain plus white flour. Is it whole wheat? Yes. Is it partial whole wheat? Yes. Aug 1 at 16:49
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    According to Tinfoil Hat, 'Global hegemony' is a political term. and the usual definition of 'global' may thus not apply (the hegemony then not being 'global' in the everyday sense). But the term is then better researched on Politics.SE. Aug 1 at 19:16
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What does "partial" mean in this context?

It means exactly what you imagine it to mean

OED:

Partial (adj.)

2.a. Relating to or involving a part of something rather than the whole; not general or total; constituting only a part; incomplete.

1912 B. Russell Probl. Philos. xiii. 212 We suggested that there might be two kinds of self-evidence, one giving an absolute guarantee of truth, the other only a partial guarantee.

1956 I. Murdoch Flight from Enchanter iii. 29 He was embarrassed by his partial baldness.

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