I am pursuing a doctoral research and because of lack of data in my specific domain, I want to use war-gaming as a methodology. However my advisor won't be very comfortable with the military connotations of the word "Wargame". "Simulation" is too computer-ish and doesn't wholly capture what I want to do.

What are my other options?

Example sentence: Because of lack of data, the methodology used in this study was to wargame crises scenarios along with......

  • 3
    What aspect of "wargaming" are you using in your research? Jun 21, 2021 at 10:56
  • 1
    You may be able to use “adversarial” or “competitive” with simulation or trial. It’s difficult to say without an example sentence. You may want to check out the tag “single-word-request” and read the guidance in the tag description.
    – ColleenV
    Jun 21, 2021 at 12:13
  • If your topic is "cyber" + anything, please note that cyberwarfare has a lot of military connotations. If your topic involves game theory, you could use zero-sum game .
    – rajah9
    Jun 21, 2021 at 15:17
  • Not all games are zero-sum. Game theory is a field all its own, at least in some eras. See “prisoner’s dilemma”. Remember you adviser has access to the internet too.
    – Xanne
    Jun 21, 2021 at 16:44

2 Answers 2


One possibility, since you mentioned simulation was "too computer-ish", is role-playing.

Another is to drop "war" and call it gaming. As a noun and intransitive verb, I think this meets the criteria. I would not use it as a transitive verb, as this generally means using knowledge of a system to take advantage of a person or situation.


Simulation predates computers by many years, the meaning you are after started in the 1950s, when computers couldn't really do this work.

From Cambridge Dictionary

simulation noun [ C/U ] a model of a real activity, created for training purposes or to solve a problem:

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