I have been searching for a verb that acurately means "negatively affect", especially when it's used to describe a situation where a person's intellectual capacity is temporarily harmed or damaged, causing failure in performance or functioning. For example, a drunk person's judgement is temporarily negatively affected due to the alcohol.
I have looked up words like "hamper", "hinder", "impede". But none of their definitions match the meaning I want to express.
But I don't mean "retarded" or "decreased intellectual capacity". Because I want a more general and abstract word to describe "causing a restriction to a person's ability to function physically, mentally, or socially."
Can you help me with this question?