According to this reference (Govinfo) it is not possible to do that for first elements; it is standard practice for the second element, however.
Where two or more hyphenated compounds have a common basic
element but this element is omitted in all but the last term, the hy
phens are retained.
♦ 2- to 3- and 4- to 5-ton trucks
2- by 4-inch boards, but boards 2 to 6 inches wide
8-, 10-, and 16-foot boards
6.4-, 3.1-, and 2-percent pay raises
♦ moss- and ivy-covered walls, not moss and ivy-covered walls
long- and short-term money rates, not long and short-term money rates
but twofold or threefold, not two or threefold
♦ goat, sheep, and calf skins, not goat, sheep, and calfskins
♦ intrastate and intracity, not intra-state and -city
♦ American owned and managed companies
preoperative and postoperative examination
(Wikipedia) The following possibilities is all that Wikipedia has to offer; there is no mention of any other term than the head.
Using a group of compound nouns containing the same "head"
Special rules apply when multiple compound nouns with the same "head" are used together, often with a conjunction (and with hyphens and commas if they are needed).
♦ The third- and fourth-grade teachers met with the parents.
♦ Both full- and part-time employees will get raises this year.
♦ We don't see many 3-, 4-, and 5-year-old children around here.