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For example, can we change

The car is blue, but the truck next to it is red.

into

The car is blue, but the truck next to it’s red.

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    Not always. Contractions are not used in sentences where the word that would be shortened is significant, for example "I think it is." In your example, both occurrences of is would probably be contracted. "The car's blue..." – Kate Bunting Apr 28 at 7:58
  • This would be quite acceptable in informal 'BrE'. But not all prepositional usages are. */??'The equipment aboard it's cutting-edge.' And certainly not terminal usages such as *'I wonder what it's?' – Edwin Ashworth Apr 28 at 11:45
  • The verb be usually takes a complement. If that complement is missing or doesn’t appear directly after the verb be, then that form of be cannot contract with the subject. Here, however the complement of am is the following adjective red, and so a contraction is fully grammatical. – Araucaria - Not here any more. Apr 28 at 12:08
  • In "the truck next to it is red", it refers to the car and not the truck. So it makes no sense to contract "it is" into "it's" in this example. – KillingTime Apr 28 at 12:11
  • @KillingTime It makes perfect sense to contract is with “the truck next to it”, because that is the subject of the verb be here. – Araucaria - Not here any more. Apr 28 at 12:23

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