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Is there a difference in those sentences please : European architecture has a graceful and exquisite style Vs The European architecture has a graceful and exquisite style

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    Yes, it changes the meaning. Without 'the', you're making a general statement about European architecture in comparison to other architectures. The sentence with 'The' requires some previous reference and the intention is that you're comparing European architecture with some specific other thing that you've just referred to. – Mitch Apr 27 at 15:11
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European architecture has a graceful and exquisite style.

This means that European architecture in general has the stated qualities. You can provide many examples, although there can be exceptions. You may or may not be comparing European architecture to a different type of architecture.

The European architecture has a graceful and exquisite style.

Here, the European architecture is a definite noun phrase and you will say this when you assume that the person or people you are talking to (that is, your "audience") knows or can identify which European architecture you're talking about. A common context would be the European architecture that you've just mentioned. And the use of this definite noun phrase the European architecture is almost assuredly going to be used in comparison or by contrast to some other type of architecture.

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  • Good answer, @shumble. However, consider adding the word "European" before "architecture" in your answer's bold phrase "knows or can identify which architecture you're talking about." I suggest this because the asker might get confused and infer that he or she already has identified which architecture, having expressly identified "European" architecture as "which" architecture (i.e., Which architecture? The European architecture.). – Benjamin Harman Apr 27 at 17:11
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European architecture has a graceful and exquisite style could be used when talking about European architecture at large. The European architecture has a graceful and exquisite style could be used when talking about a specific piece of architecture, where "The European architecture" is being used to describe some attributes of that particular piece of architecture.

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