I am trying to write an academic essay. But I am stuck in connecting two sentences. I want to find a substitute for the meanwhile connector because I have already overused it in the other parts of my essay. Could you please kindly let me know an academic-friendly suitable synonym or another connector.

In recent years, most optimization research is dedicated to solving problems in the domains of business, construction, and supply chain management. Meanwhile, Simplex, Lagrange, and NewX are probably the most commonly studied methods in empirical works.

I have already checked online but I couldn't find much information googling. Really appreciate your help

  • 1
    Why not just drop meanwhile since you're talking about the current situation? Apr 9, 2021 at 10:09
  • I'm not sure you're using meanwhile correctly. See a Google search for synonyms, none of which fit your sentence.
    – Andrew Leach
    Apr 9, 2021 at 10:13
  • I don't think meanwhile fits here. Simplex, Lagrange, and NewX are the subject of the first sentence, not merely OR techniques that are happening at the same time (= meanwhile)
    – rajah9
    Apr 9, 2021 at 10:14
  • Having no knowledge of optimisation techniques, it's not clear what you're trying to do. Are you contrasting the use in empirical works with those in business/construction/etc, or saying they're the same thing?
    – Stuart F
    May 9, 2021 at 13:29
  • thesaurus.com/browse/meanwhile
    – Hot Licks
    May 9, 2021 at 15:42

1 Answer 1


I'm not sure 'meanwhile' is the right word to use for looking for synonyms. I think it is used idiomatically more than literally here.
'Meanwhile' means 'at the same time', but also 'concurrently', 'simultaneously', i.e. happening at the same time.
What I think your wording wants to express is something like 'on the other hand', 'however', 'nevertheless', i.e. a (seeming) contradiction. Perhaps those synonyms are helpful.

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