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During the military service in Iran, some soldiers are responsible for traffic control (entrance and exit of people in a garrison or headquarters after writing down their names and searching them), appearance and discipline of other soldiers, opening and closing gates for vehicles, and things like that (you could say they are in charge of the building although having low ranks). What do we call them in English?

P.S. I believe the words "doorman" or "guard" wouldn't be appropriate since they do not encapsulate all of their duties.

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    In the US some of these duties would be the responsibility of MPs -- Military Police. – Hot Licks Mar 28 at 12:17
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    And in the UK too. Military Police – Michael Harvey Mar 28 at 12:43
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    Different organizations use different terms. The USAF has Security Forces. It's both a formal designation and a bit more encompassing that MP. – Phil Sweet Mar 28 at 13:28
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    Often there aren't exact correspondences between regular duties for a fixed set of troops say in country A and in country B. A private may be detailed to do 'gate sentry duty' one day and 'headquarters security duty' the next. – Edwin Ashworth Mar 28 at 13:43
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    It's unlikely that that would be used a 'job description' in today's armies. 'I often did sentry duty at Cliffden Barracks', say. – Edwin Ashworth Mar 28 at 14:35
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The US military often refers to the people performing these functions as “specialists” of some kind.

For example, a search for the term “logistics specialist” led to this: https://www.navsup.navy.mil/public/navsup/home/

A search for “security specialist army” led to a number of thiings, including this description of an officer-level position that provides the names of the positions that such a person would supervise: https://www.navsup.navy.mil/public/navsup/home/

These include Security Guards, who are different from Military Police, in the same way that a night watchman is different from a detective.

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