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Let's say you have the following sentence:

I stood there and wondered what to do next.

Now, let's say you insert a participial phrase after "there."

I stood there looking at her and wondered what to do next.

Does the verb "wondered" have to become part of the participial phrase (i.e., "wondering what to do next"), or can it remain "wondered"?

I stood there looking at her and wondering what to do next vs. I stood there looking at her and wondered what to do next.

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    They're both okay and say slightly different things. Mar 23, 2021 at 15:55
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    Omitting the locative for clarity, 'I stood looking at her' displays what Collins Cobuild terms the 'phase' (sometimes the 'go shopping') construction: two simultaneous situations/events. Although obviously containing extra semantic content, this is comparable to the continuous ('I was looking at her [&/as I was standing]'). 'Stand' and some other verbs license this usage, and the ing-form may be coordinate ('They sat eating and drinking at the table'). But equally, a phase construction may be followed by a coordinate predicate ('They [sat drinking] and [in due course fell asleep].' Mar 23, 2021 at 16:15
  • If the verb 'wondered' should become part of the participial, the best way is to use, "I stood there looking at her and wondering what to do."
    – Ram Pillai
    Mar 24, 2021 at 4:53

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