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That I don't know if I am good at making friends.

I'm not sure if this sentence is grammatically correct, but I've noticed this phenomenon several times where a “that” is added at the beginning of a sentence. Could you tell me what grammatical use it has, or what impact it has on the meaning of a sentence?

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    //That I don't know if I am good at making friends....// sounds incomplete. It should be complete, for instance, like, "That [I don't know if I am good at making friends] is not a new information to my siblings. Without 'that' at the start, it makes complete sense.
    – Ram Pillai
    Mar 20, 2021 at 2:23
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    That I don't know if I am good at making friends is not a complete sentence; it's just a clause. That in front of a tensed clause (never mind "narrative", that's not a grammar term) converts the clause into a dependent noun clause. The that is called a "complementizer", and the clause is called a "complement clause". It can be the object of a verb, as in She thinks that I don't know, or it can be the subject of a verb, as @RamPillai suggested Mar 20, 2021 at 3:15

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That is a demonstrative. It tells you who or what is being talked about.

It may follow the noun to which it refers. “See the red car in the parking lot? That car {the red one} is mine.”

It may follow the concept to which it refers. “We should stand in the shade. That {action} will keep us cool”.

Occasionally it is used to precede, as in the manner of your example. “That I answer here on ELU {a concept} is well-known to readers. That I used to keep bees is {a concept} novel to them”. “That I used to keep bees” is a phrase but not a sentence.

Your example similarly creates a phrase and is incomplete as a sentence. That I don’t know if I am good at making friends refers demonstratively to a concept but says nothing about it. An example of completion might be:

That I don’t know if I am good at making friends shows my lack of self-awareness.

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