Gravidity and Parity Definitions (Implications in Risk Assessment) | Patient

Gravidity is defined as the number of times that a woman has been pregnant.

Parity is defined as the number of times that she has given birth to a fetus with a gestational age of 24 weeks or more, regardless of whether the child was born alive or was stillborn.

For example, a woman who is described as 'gravida 2, para 2 (sometimes abbreviated to G2 P2) has had two pregnancies and two deliveries after 24 weeks, and a woman who is described as 'gravida 2, para 0' (G2 P0) has had two pregnancies, neither of which survived to a gestational age of 24 weeks.

How does the medical definition of parity relate to its etymology?

1570s, "equality or equivalence of rank or status," from French parité (14c.) or directly from Late Latin paritas "equality," from Latin adjective par (genitive paris) "equal" (see par (n.)). Meaning "state or condition of being on a level" is from 1610s.

  • Unclear what you're asking.
    – Martin F
    Feb 12, 2021 at 20:40

1 Answer 1


According to the following article it derives from Latin parere:

From onlinelibrary.wiley.com

The use of ‘parity’ in relation to childbirth only appeared in the fourth quarter of the nineteenth century and comes from the Latin parere, ‘to give birth, bring forth’.

Quotation from Vulgate, Isaiah 7:14:

  • ecce virgo concipiet, et pariet filium, et vocabitur nomen eius Emmanuel (behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.)


  • 3
    Yep - same root as "parent".
    – psmears
    Feb 12, 2021 at 10:08

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