0

I will have finished cleaning the room by the time you come.

What i want to know is if i can use the word "cleaning" in this sentence. I know that when you use future perfect, you need to have a sentence like "i will have finished my homework by the time you come" but the second verb "cleaning" confuses me.

4
  • 1
    As many people see the gerund as a verb that takes on the job of a noun, cleaning and homework both work in your sentence. Nov 29, 2020 at 13:53
  • 1
    The sentence could be rephrased as By the time you come, I will have finished [NP]. So like Yosef Baskin pointed out you could plug in any meaningful NP to get a meaningful sentence.
    – user405662
    Nov 29, 2020 at 14:24
  • As grammatical as 'I finish cleaning my room' (usually unidiomatic without padding). // 'I finished cleaning my room.' // 'I have finished cleaning my room.' What is special about the future perfect construction? Nov 29, 2020 at 14:44
  • Though those who follow CGEL literally will object, it's perfectly fine to think of a gerund clause (or phrase, if you prefer) as a NP. Since direct objects are canonically NPs, when a gerund acts as an object, it's appropriate to label the node as NP. Nonterminal node labels are totally arbitrary, and only visible from above in this case; from below, the node looks like an S. Nov 29, 2020 at 17:03

1 Answer 1

1

Yes, you can use the word cleaning. Here's why. Diagram the sentence this way:

Subject | verb | direct object | adverb phrase.

I | will have finished | cleaning the room | by the time you come.

Cleaning the room is the direct object, which in this case is a gerund phrase, a verb acting as a noun and its objects. Think of it like this: I will have finished what? The answer is direct object (cleaning the room), modified by the adverb phrase (by the time you come).

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service and acknowledge you have read our privacy policy.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.