Is the phrase seat well and hold steadily grammatically correct? If it is, why does it use seat instead of sit?
PS:the instruction will be used on the bus.
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No, the saying is not formed according to normal grammar. It should be
Sit well and hold steadily.
Seat can be a verb, but it is always transitive except in a few jargony cases. Your example sounds like it's suffered a bad case of translation software syndrome. A more natural-sounding (even idiomatic) version would be:
Sit tight and hold steady.
Google confirms this with a respectable 5 separate occurrences.
No it isn't, and I can't think of any way it can be rescued. Firstly, 'Seat' as opposed to 'sit' refers to placing something in a position where it will be stable. The fitters on your bus might seat the benches well, but passengers would probably object to being glued down. 'Be seated' can refer to people, but only for the act of sitting down.
Secondly, neither sitting nor sitting down can be done well or badly; they are simple actions, like blinking, which require no skill.
Thirdly, 'hold steadily'is almost certainly not what you mean. Steadily rather than steady would mean 'with an even pressure' (hat-tip to FumbleFingers for identifying the problem), and hold requires an object; if you mean 'hold something stable so you don't get thrown about', the usual phrase is hold on.
A sign saying "Remain seated and hold on tightly" would be good English (tight is more idiomatic but tightly is more formal and suitable for a sign); but do you really want to put it up? If the bus is not jolting around, all it will do is downhearten or discourage the passengers, and if it is, they probably won't need instructions to hold on.
Yes - it's not a "saying" but it's a perfectly a well-formed instruction.
To seat well in the context of, say, assembling something from a kit of parts would mean to make sure the relevant interlocking parts of two component are properly fitted together (MW sense:3).
In such a context, if the parts are to be permanently attached using glue, hold steadily would be a normal thing to do while waiting for the glue to set (and a normal way of expressing this).
In most contexts, hold steady would be more common, but personally I prefer steadily here. For reasons I can't quite put my finger on, it seems more suited to a context where the steady holding only needs to last for a relatively short period (until the glue sets enough to let go). I'd be glad to hear from anyone who has an opinion on this preference.