Why are compulsory law associations called an "integrated" bar?

I have two guesses:

  1. It has something to do with the fact that the power to mandate membership (which brings dues and a code of ethics with it) comes from two sources

  2. It performs two functions: confers benefits and also requires members to do things (pay dues, follow code of ethics)

(I tried a bunch of dictionaries, and the Wikipedia entry.)


1 Answer 1


Mandatory bar organizations are called “integrated” because they combine membership with a regulatory function, that is, they have the power to set standards and discipline members. This is a state rather than a federal function, both in admitting lawyers to the bar and disciplining violations, possibly resulting in denial of the privilege of practicing law in the state.

Lawyers are also, of course, subject to the criminal laws of the state.

Some states require membership in a regulatory agency often called the state's bar association in order to permit them to practice law in that state. Such an organization is called a mandatory, integrated, or unified bar.[4][5] and is a type of government-granted monopoly.


The following article also discusses the “integrated bar”: https://ir.lawnet.fordham.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1722&context=flr

  • Thank you...... Sep 14, 2020 at 1:47

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service and acknowledge you have read our privacy policy.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.