- to forgive is a great value
- Forgiveness is a great value
- Forgiving is a great value
Does meaning change ? And why ? Grateful to your help
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Not all verbs would comply with the -ness version. "To hit", for example.
"Smoking is injurious to health." -- certainly sounds better with the gerund than it would with the infinitive "to smoke". Likewise with a big set of verbs-- where "infinitivizing" them doesn't sound proper (encourage, enjoy, dread, deny, keep, etc. are some such verbs).
The non-finite variety of the English language amplifies its charm and were we to whittle it down to only a certain set of constructions, it wouldn't be as live and vivacious a language as it is.
You ask a subtle question. I will try to give the sense of the slight differences that I see. I hope others will forgive me if they see things differently. I already forgive them for their inevitable criticisms!
The action of forgiving is a great value
The personal quality of a tendency (or inclination) to forgive is a great value
Any specific act of forgiveness is of great value.