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Merriam-webster's definition for here/there as a noun is "here"=this place, and "here" as an adverb "here"=to/in this place ; at this location.

In this sentence: "He's living around here". What part of speech is the word "here"?

He's living around London. At this point of view, "here" acts like a noun.

He's living around to this place. It doesn't seem natural.....

Besides that, if "around" works like a preposition, I think I could not use here as an adverb. But every dictionary defines "here" as an adverb.

HELP ME! I speak Portuguese, these concepts are really difficult for me.

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    I think the modern approach of treating the locatives "here" and "there" as intransitive prepositions is preferable.
    – BillJ
    Commented Aug 27, 2020 at 8:55
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    I'm looking forward to the day when deictic locatives are seen as being neither adverb nor preposition. Commented Aug 27, 2020 at 15:48
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    Why do you need to know? Wouldn't it be equally useful to say it's blue and not red? Knowing what box to put it in doesn't change its nature or its behavior, and doesn't help one understand it at all. Commented Jan 24, 2021 at 23:40
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    Ele vive por aqui. Ele está morando por aqui. É igual que em português (Ele está morando por esse lugar: Não) As duas outras não funcionam. O que é "por" em português? É uma preposição. "aqui" é um advérbio.
    – Lambie
    Commented May 24, 2021 at 19:29
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    @StuartF If here in Where do we go from here? were to be a noun, we must first figure out whether it's a common noun or a proper noun. Since it's not capitalized, it has to be a common noun. Now, it cannot have a determiner, so it should be a non-count noun. But even non-count nouns can be modified by adjectives, but here cannot. Also, it's virtually impossible to post-modify with a phrase or a clause: Where do we go from here, where he dropped us off? is only possible with the comma because the relative clause cannot modify here.
    – JK2
    Commented Jan 28 at 7:42

2 Answers 2

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If you check any good dictionary, "here" is listed as an adverb as well as a noun.

In your sentence, "here" is a noun (meaning THIS PLACE), and acts as the object of the preposition "around". That's why you can easily switch from "here" to "London" (no pun intended!).

If you try switching the two words in the sentence "Stop here", you can't. Why? You guessed it right. Because "here" here functions as an adverb, and not as a noun. Of course, this is not to say that nouns cannot follow verbs in sentences. They can and they do. But then they are the objects of the verbs, not adverbs. I hope I was able to drive home the point.

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    Yes, yes, yes, we all know what (most) dictionaries say. Modern grammar takes the locatives "here" and "there" as intransitive prepositions. This dictionary gets it right link
    – BillJ
    Commented Aug 27, 2020 at 8:44
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    @BillJ-- With due regards, I cannot quite understand what difference it makes even if there exists a huge chasm between traditional and modern approaches to grammar? I mean it's unlike physical sciences, where, for instance, if I flub an equation, the whole edifice would come crumbling down. I don't really see the point in attaching different labels in traditional and modern set-ups. Because at the end of the day, no "rule" (in the scientific sense of the word) is actually broken; we merely switch terminologies without risking losing the bigger picture. Or it could be that I'm mistaken. :)
    – user392935
    Commented Aug 27, 2020 at 9:01
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    It's what grammar is all about, and what this site is all about. The reanalysis of "here" and "there" is an interesting and important development (though it actually goes back a long way). Non-grammarians couldn't give a hoot, but ELU isn't aimed at them. And of course the OP specifically asked about the POS of "here" and deserves an answer based on current thinking.
    – BillJ
    Commented Aug 27, 2020 at 9:31
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    @Shoe The link that I provided to a dictionary which supports its classification as a preposition is no less an authority than the one used in Stockfish's answer, which simple cited "dictionaries". Yes, non-grammarians do frequent ELU, but they are surely capable of learning about these things; to say otherwise would be to insult their intelligence.
    – BillJ
    Commented Aug 27, 2020 at 17:03
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    @BillJ. The claim is often made on this site that dictionaries are not to be trusted for grammatical information. So, how is a learner to know which dictionary, if any, to trust? What makes Wiktionary more trustworthy than, say, Merriam-Webster? Anyway, my point is that it would be helpful to say that the classification of here as a preposition is based on an analysis by Huddlestone and Pullum in the CGEL.
    – Shoe
    Commented Aug 27, 2020 at 17:23
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What part of speech is "Here"?

Here is an adverb.

"He's living around here" -> "He's living [somewhere] {approximately in this area}"

I would class "around" as an adverb.

Compare: He's hunting around here - "He's hunting [somewhere] {approximately in this area}"

The problem with here, there*, and where is that the words are being asked to do a lot of work. In the past there was

  • hence (from this location)
  • hither (to[wards] this location),
  • thence (from that location)
  • thither (to[wards] that location)
  • whence (from which location)
  • whither. (to[wards] which location)

All the above were adverbs of motion: here, there and where were adverbs of place.

Here, there, and where now all include an implied preposition to indicate place or motion.

*there also has an existential meaning but that does not concern us.

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  • One major snag is that 'be' is rarely conceded to be modifiable by an adverb, making 'He is here' problematic. Commented Jan 30 at 13:57
  • @EdwinAshworth Perhaps more problematic is that a noun is rarely modifiable by an adverb, as in 'One major snag here is that...'
    – JK2
    Commented Jan 30 at 23:46
  • @EdwinAshworth: I don't see it as a difficulty. Perhaps you were thinking of "It is here" or "Here are the lions" -> at this place. The meaning of "to be" is crucial here.
    – Greybeard
    Commented Jan 31 at 0:39

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